Disinfection and cleaning of swimming pools
Disinfection and cleaning pools It is a prerequisite for their use. Compliance with an artificial pond purity quite a difficult and labor-intensive task that requires serious consideration to methods for its solution. Thanks to modern technology, there are many different ways to carry out disinfection of water in the pool. Clean the pond becomes a guarantee for the health and safety of people.
- Methods for purification of water in the pool
- Means for manual cleaning
- Means for a chemical cleaning
- Electrophysical cleaning pool
Methods for purification of water in the pool
Timely use of disinfecting andpool cleaning to avoid too frequent water changes. Here are the main ways in which the cleaning and disinfection of the water in the pool:
- Mechanical treatment;
- Chemical cleaning;
- Electrophysical treatment.
Important! Only the use of the swimming pool complex purification steps will help maximize water safety.
It can be carried out most of the activities manually,automatic or semi-automatic way. The most cost-effective, of course, it is a manual version of the treatment, but it is a long and complex. The automatic version is characterized by high costs, speed the process and ease of use. It takes into account many factors that affect the quality of water that you can not always take into account their own. The semi-automatic version of the pond cleaning is a compromise between the previous two.
Means for manual cleaning
Mechanical cleaning of the pool is carried outby filtering. This method makes it possible to remove the mechanical water, organic impurities, such as dust, particles of dirt, leaves, hair, insects and other debris.
Filtration apparatus only topsheet purified water by passing it through a nozzle, and again returning to the pool.
Attention! Power filter system must ensure that the transmission of the entire volume of water through the filter 3-6 times a day.
There are several types of filter systems:
- Sand filters - the most common and least expensive. The filter element in the installation are quartz sand, screened in a special way, and gravel;
- Diatomite filters - are characterized by a high degree of purification. Filter elements are the diatomaceous sand bed of granite;
- Cartridge filters - the most easy-to-use of the presented analogues.
It should be noted that the filter pumppool cleaning is not able to remove dirt deposited on the walls and bottom of an artificial pond. With this problem can be overcome by using an underwater vacuum cleaner to clean the pool. This device is a dedicated unit, whose purpose is the purification of water from pollutants having a higher density.
There are several types of vacuum cleaners, which differ in their characteristics and purpose.
Manual underwater vacuum cleaners (also called bottom) are low cost and are designed for use in a collapsible or inflatable pool. They are connected to the filter and carry out cleansing of the reservoir bottom.
Semi-automatic vacuum cleaners allow forcleaning the walls and bottom of the pool. This type of equipment is suitable for various types of pools due to its versatility. Some models of semiautomatic underwater vacuum cleaner to be connected to the Screamer. But there are other models that are self-contained, as the presence of equipment includes a bag to collect dirt.
Automatic underwater vacuum cleaners are characterized byenhanced maneuverability, power, are completely autonomous. The use of this type of vacuum cleaner it is expedient in pools with different large area and depth. They are perfectly clean walls and bottom of an artificial pond.
The advantage of underwater vacuum cleaner isno additional contamination of the working surface of the processing characteristic of the manual method of cleaning. The use of these devices allows you to clean the pool and received direct pollution filter pumps or special bags.
For the manual cleaning of the reservoir will needa pool cleaning kit which includes a variety of tools and instruments. These include nets, brushes, telescopic poles. For example, a net for cleaning the pool allows you to collect debris from the surface (surface net) or with a reservoir depth (deep net).
To clean the bottom of the bowl walls used a brush to clean the pool.
Of course, even the use of highlyEquipment for the mechanical treatment is not able to replace the use of chemical substances. Application of chemistry allows to neutralize dangerous bacteria, falling along with debris and mud.
Means for a chemical cleaning
Chemical cleaning of water in the pool allowseffectively destroy the biologically active contaminants, their metabolic products. There are various means for cleaning swimming pools, which provide the opportunity to achieve the required quality of water and of the important procedures, like disinfection of swimming pools.
It should be noted that the current pool cleaner not only cleans the water, but also prevents the formation of harmful impurities in the water.
Cleaning chemicals is divided into several categories:
- Maintaining the level of Ph at the required level;
- Providing water disinfection by introducing specialized agents (chlorine, bromine, active oxygen);
- Adding drugs that prevent contamination (to prevent algae, lime, water turbidity).
Modern tools for pools Disinfectionthe recommended concentrations are safe for human health. Timely application of chemistry makes the water clean, not allowing her to carry out a permanent replacement. The main thing is to comply strictly with the instructions on the application of substances and not to exceed the allowable concentration.
The formulations are produced in various forms -powder, liquid substance, granules, pellets, tablets to clean the pool. You can select any suitable consistency. In addition, there are multi-function tablets for cleaning swimming pools, allowing to perform several tasks (disinfection, correction level Ph, removal and prevention of lime deposits and other).
When applying halogens (chlorine and bromine)disinfection of swimming pools is carried out quickly and efficiently. This method is optimal for disinfecting large quantities of water and is a low-cost solution to this problem. More common is the chlorine gas, chlorine dioxide is also used, hypochlorites, chloramines. When using these funds should be careful, as halogens aggressive enough. Chlorination is best used in combination with other drugs.
Softer water purification system suitablesmall pools, a disinfection with active oxygen. This method is characterized by a low speed and efficiency as compared to treatment with halogens. To achieve optimum results should constantly monitor the concentration of the active ingredient.
There is a more modern waydisinfection based on electrolysis. The reservoir is added a small amount of salt, which during the passage through the electrolysis station decomposes into chlorine and sodium. Fall into the pool liquid chlorine immediately reacts with the organic pollutants. This method allows to avoid irritation of the mucous membranes and skin.
Electrophysical cleaning pool
The use of electro-cleaning methodsIt reduces the use of chemicals. This method is reagentless and disinfection via ozonation is carried out, ultraviolet radiation and silver ionization and copper.
Efficiency of ozone is much higher than that of chlorine, it is safe and has no adverse effect on the human body.
Ultraviolet irradiation of the water is also a highly effective and safe, based on the use of special lamps - UV emitters.
Water purification using silver and copper ionscarried out using specialized equipment. The contaminated water is passed through the electrodes under DC. Under its influence electrodes are activated, causing silver and copper ions are formed. These elements are characterized by effectiveness in killing harmful bacteria and algae.
In conclusion, it should be noted that in order to achievethe best results in the process of cleaning and disinfection of swimming pools to use a set of special tools and equipment. The important point to guarantee compliance with hygiene requirements, is the regularity and timeliness of the cleaning procedures. This multifaceted approach to treatment would achieve the maximum level of safety and cleanliness of an artificial pond.