Warming of the floor on the balcony and loggia
It is no secret that one of the most commonproblems in the apartments, both old and new model is the lack of the coveted square meters. In this situation, the desire to use every centimeter of usable area, is more than justified. To the balcony it is most relevant, because the correct approach, a place that is often used for the storage of domestic preparations and unnecessary things, transformed into a cozy nook. But to this area remained comfortable for a stay not only in summer but in winter, it is necessary to consider floor insulation on the balcony.
- Types of acceptable insulation
- Tools & Supplies
- Warming of the floor on the balcony: Stages
- The first step: laying the boards
- The second stage: insulation penofolom
- The third step: raise the floor
- Fourth stage: plywood laid
- How else can insulate the floor on the balcony?
Warming of the floor on the balcony - the process is not as complex and is quite capable to everyone, there is a will, and of the necessary materials, of course.
Types of acceptable insulation
Variants of balcony thermal insulation depends on the material you choose as a heat insulator. Building industry today offers a lot of options, but the most popular were these:
1. Penoplex. The thickness is selected depending on the balcony purpose, unless it is combined directly with the housing space, it is sufficient thickness of 40 mm. If it is supposed to make the loggia permanent habitat, the Penoplex thickness for high-quality thermal insulation is increased to 60 mm. The cut plate is attached to the floor with plastic dowels and joints filled with foam summer (winter in the presence of toluene - polystyrene material is dissolved).
2. The foam - the most economical material. It is light, non-hygroscopic, perfectly retains heat, but unstable, so the device requires wooden crates.
3. Penofol (polyethylene foam) - the most attractive and reliable way of warming. With a thickness of 4 mm, this material can be replaced in a board of 100 mm thick. The service life is more than 50 years. That is what we'll use to insulate our balcony.
Tools & Supplies
The first step should be to take care of the necessary tools and materials that will help in the implementation of such important tasks as the balcony floor insulation.
So, we need:
- hammer with a drill;
- hammer, construction knife;
- drill adapter for screwing screws;
- tape measure, a pencil;
- dowels, screws (65 mm);
- bars (4x3 cm);
- insulation - foam 5 mm (50h250 cm);
- Chipboard or plywood;
- penofol (tolschinoy10 mm roll).
Warming of the floor on the balcony: Stages
Once we have prepared everything necessary for the job, you can proceed to the first stage.
The first step: laying the boards
Before floor insulation you need to carefully sweep it. Further around the perimeter of balconies laid with foam, cutting knife if necessary. It is recommended to lay a single piece to the joints as small as possible. After laying the first layer, seams and joints need to propenyl. Then fit the second layer. If possible, avoid sutures on each other, ie, should be laid offset.
Next time - measured on the surface of the floor cross-distance loggia.
It is important!
Note that the transverse distance across the corners can be different. Be careful.
We measure the distance to the left, take awayabout half a centimeter and jigsaw saw off timber. The first timber to be stacked with indentation of 10 cm from the wall. Calculate how much we need the bars, if the distance between them 50-60 cm After that, everything is simple:. Retreat this distance, subtract 1.5 cm saw off and actually laid. But do not rush to fix. When the turn comes to the extreme beam, it is necessary to make sure that he has defended from the wall 10-15 cm. This allowed to move from the end of the second and third boards, distributing evenly the distance between them.
Now you can fix, which will need: hammer, hammer, screws, screwdriver or drill. Each timber is attached to the 4 screw length of 65 cm, the extreme of which must be separated from the wall by 10 cm It is simple:. Are drilling the hole, insert the dowel and trying to drive it with a hammer. Then insert the screw with a hammer and punch him through the bar into the concrete. For better fixation twirl screwdriver. All the other bars fastened in a similar manner.
The second stage: insulation penofolom
Once the boards are stacked, openings between themyou need to build a heater. The optimum thickness - 30 mm, then it will fall to the level bars, which in principle is required. Try to keep the gaps while laying the heat insulator not arise.
It is important!
Thick insulation is convenient to cut the guide. Firmly swipe it several times with a knife, bend fracture of the knee - it breaks easily and accurately on the cut line.
If there were still gaps, foam easily correct the situation. Now Arm and a pencil mark on the wall near the floor the location of the ends of the boards - and then do not have to guess!
Go to penofol. After the defined length of the balcony, throw on top 40 cm and cut penofol. Do not forget that you need to lay the foil material up, you also need to make sure that he came for each one of walls 20 cm.
The third step: raise the floor
This procedure will need: jigsaw, a bar, screwdriver, screws (65 mm), tape measure, level, pencil, large sheets of plywood or particle board (20 mm thick), a circular saw.
Cut the boards and laid in several rows(4-5). Guided make notes, using a drill and screws fasten the way to the top bar to the bottom. Then you need to align the horizon. Building level should not be less than a meter - so much easier to work.
We find the highest point on the balcony, whichalong the top of each timber and determine the levels put differential. What angle should be raised to the horizon, and one below. After determining which side, left or right, above, we find the highest point - the point of reference.
Cut "Chopik" - pieces of lumber to 4 cm long(To begin with 10 pieces). Using the screwdriver, and even better drill adapter, screws podvykruchivaem departing from the highest point in depth, and then across. This phase will require a fair share of patience, but it is very important, believe me. Be specific!
Remove the screws to 1.5 cm, to raise a timbertheir caps, carefully put on top and find out the level of timber. Take "Chopik" by applying it to the gap between itself and the timbers penofolom, note thickness. Pin Up "Chopik" on this level with a hammer and knife. Twisted screw, insert "Chopik" (for perfect fixation) and the stop screw twirl.
First, align the far rail, then liftintermediate rails to the required level again anchoring "Chopik." This needs to be done all over the floor. Now, felt-tip pen on the wall is necessary to note the central portion of each of the boards, that after installing the floor to know where to attach it.
It is important!
If you think that is not warm enough, you can top timber, exposed on a level, put another layer of insulation (300 mm) and another layer penofol.
Fourth stage: plywood laid
Came the turn of laying plywood, can, of course,use particle board, plywood but much better and more environmentally friendly. We measure the dimensions delineate plywood, try to take into account the angles between walls. We transfer the size of plywood, attract a partner, and with the help of a circular saw Scrollsaw piece with twists and turns.
It is important!
Note that the actual size of the perimeter must be reduced by about 1 cm. Do not forget penofol projecting beyond the level of the floor.
After laying plywood track down the whole areapreviously made labels (center bar). We draw a straight line from one wall to the other, so we will know where a plywood board. With the help of a drill fix plywood sheets, the distance between the screws - 45 cm.
Warming of the floor is complete, it remains only a paint knife to trim penofol on the perimeter. That's all.
How else can insulate the floor on the balcony?
If the floor is wood on the balcony, you canuse of mineral wool - a material that by its thermal insulation characteristics of the foam is practically no different. If the floor screed of cement, then the best option will be expanded clay lightweight, warm linoleum, felt underlay for laminate.
Well, if you want something more modern, you can install radiant floor heating system, which can be water, or electric infrared.
The options, as you can see, weight. Choose the one that seems most suitable to you, and enjoy the time spent in the warm and cozy lodge, even during the most fierce winter frosts.