How to insulate a balcony with his hands
People living in apartments, by any meansThey seek to expand the space. Achieving this goal is possible at warming the balcony and its connection with the living rooms. Furthermore, the performance of such work can significantly reduce heat loss. The objective of the activities is how to insulate a balcony with the greatest efficiency and ensure high-quality thermal insulation of the room.
- Materials for insulation balconies
- How to insulate a balcony with his hands: Stages
There is a huge range of ideas available forrealization on the balcony (living room, a winter garden, recreation room), but the insulation is a must for any ideas. simple glazing unit provides partial protection from the cold, unable to give comfort while on the balcony. Thermal insulation should be carried out from the outside, comprising walling. In the process of the job is moved to the balcony railings positive temperature zone, excess moisture can freely penetrate through the insulation layer and discharged outside. The finished sandwich construction ensure optimum performance of thermal insulation.
As practice shows, in multi-storey buildingsthere is no possibility of external insulation, so the only possible way in this situation becomes execution of works from the inside. With this method, you may receive the small puddles of water in the cold season. To avoid possible problems with the device, an additional vapor barrier. "Dew point" is located inside the premises, as the air through a layer of insulation from the room gets cold on the balcony construction, turning into water droplets. For external insulation "dew point" is located outside, which prevents the formation of condensate. The latter method is recommended for use.
Materials for insulation balconies
To decide how to insulatebalcony, you must first select the materials used. The modern market offers a wide range of building materials necessary for insulating buildings. The most common are: polyethylene foam, extruded polystyrene, mineral wool.
Foamed polyethylene - one of the modern speciesinsulation, different unique characteristics. The structure of this material comprises a foil. When using polyethylene foam provides reliable protection against the cold and prevent air condensation.
Polystyrene foam retains heat very well, havingbetter thermal insulation properties compared to other materials. It is convenient to carry and use, no breaks, easy to cut with a knife. The rigidity of polystyrene allows to use it as the basis for ties. The sheet thickness is 5 centimeters, saving the usable area.
Mineral wool has a higher cost, but is able to last for a long time. Very often the use of such material is not viewed.
How to insulate a balcony with his hands: Stages
It is necessary to consider a phased scheme of action, which allows to understand how to insulate a balcony:
- The first step is the preparation of the balcony glazing;
- The second stage - directly glazing;
- The third stage - warming;
- The fourth stage - the final finish balcony.
Very often, a balcony walls areconcrete slabs, is not very thick, and acts as a parapet iron bars. Of course, under these conditions it is impossible to achieve a comfortable indoor climate. Without additional work aimed at creating a high-quality thermal insulation, can not do, as you need to insulate a balcony inside mandatory. You must first lay the balcony wall of lightweight ceramic brick or Foam concrete slabs. This masonry is rough, so the performance of work at this stage to handle even a person with no experience.
After preparing the walls of the balcony you can start itglazing. Widespread PVC windows, but in recent years become increasingly popular wooden structures. They are not inferior in quality of metal and plastic counterparts, subject to proper treatment is to apply an antiseptic, cover the surface of the paint in several layers and a number of other events.
quality designs of Lifenatural materials is comparable with the deadline for PVC windows. After you install double-glazed windows are almost always gaps which need to be addressed. To do this, use the mounting foam that is convenient, easy to use and has all the necessary characteristics. Encapsulation allows a certain degree to reduce heat loss. We can say that the first stage of warming the balcony there is a transformation in the glassed-in balcony.
It is important to avoid the common mistake,which is the result of the work done quickly. Very often put plastic windows, closed up the gap in a hurry and in a room set or a radiator arranged a "warm floor", but not enough for a good thermal insulation of the above events. With this approach to the performance of works heat will almost freely go outside and ensure optimum temperature will pose significant challenges. The use of a professional approach to the balcony insulation will perform quality work, significantly reduce heat loss from the apartment.
Important! Building codes prohibit the use of central heating systems for heating balcony.
In the next step, the insulation of allstructural components of balconies - walls, floor, ceiling and parapet. When choosing a heat insulating material is necessary to consider the following properties: thermal conductivity, the thickness of the material. The use of thinner material having a lower thermal conductivity to avoid significant reduction in the useful space. There are various methods of thermal insulation of the device.
Standard balcony floor has a small biasside of the street. Therefore, before laying the insulation is necessary to align the surface with a self-leveling cement-sand mixtures. If necessary, raise the floor used expanded clay backfill the two factions to thoroughly fill the void. The use of fine and coarse fractions avoids subsidence coverage. On the layer of expanded clay waterproofing layer is laid.
Let us consider the balcony floor with insulationusing extruded polystyrene foam. In the initial phase, the laying of the foil up penofol foil to reflect heat and provide a vapor barrier. Then the bars are fixed in wood 40x40mm on a level every 50 cm. In the resulting cell between the bars should be placed sheets of polystyrene, and the rest after mounting slots to fill with foam.
Perpendicular to the first layer of the second fixeda layer of wooden bars. This technology allows you to create a cushion of air, which will further improve the thermal insulation and provide a base strength. The upper layer is laid water-resistant plywood, on which you can cover the floor with linoleum, tile or laminate.
Description of the main stages of repair work allows us to understand how to insulate the floor on the balcony with the advice of professionals.
Fasten polystyrene plates in two ways: using glue and dowels.
- When using adhesive it is important to ensure that it iscompatibility with the material. Glue is applied to a plate with a spatula, departing from the edge of a few centimeters to excess do not fall on the joints of plates. The bands about 5 cm wide enough for a good surface bonding at the remaining area to make additional 5-10 glue dots.
- In the second embodiment of fasteningYou need to buy special dowels, which have a large hat. In general, for the attachment of 1 sq.m. insulation should be used 5-7 fixing points.
It should be noted that in practice, usea combination of two methods of attachment. First, using styrofoam adhesive sheet is adhered to the surface, and then fixed by means of dowel screws, nails plastic.
Important! Joints of insulation to the wall should be steam insulating tape glue that did not develop fungus and mold.
It is important to bear in mind that as a heater is notIt is advisable to use rock wool. In the application of the insulation material must be carefully arrange vapor barrier. In addition, mineral wool is exposed to moisture and shrinks over time.
By analogy with the floor produce lateral insulationwalls, ceilings balcony. Execution of works at this stage is less difficulty. On the walls and ceiling are glued polystyrene plates with cold bituminous mastics, distributed evenly over 25% of board space. This method allows you to save useful terrace area.
The final stage consists in warming the balconythe implementation of interior decoration. As cladding materials for the wall linings are often used, moisture-resistant drywall or wood paneling. Before the start of the installation should create the crate, which will be attached decoration material, as well as pave the wiring. When the device of the metal crates modules to install them suspensions before laying the heat insulating material.
When ceiling insulation can be used instead of the ceiling drywall, which will hide all the wiring.
Note that the insulating layerperforms heat maintaining function, but not its production. It is important to ensure that the heat source to maintain to achieve a comfortable temperature on the balcony. The heater, floor heating, air conditioning and other similar equipment can act as such an apparatus.
In conclusion, it should be noted thatquality insulation of the balcony, of course, requires significant financial and labor costs. But the result will please more than one year. Phased implementation of the works will reduce heat loss in the apartment, as well as comfortable accommodation for a whole year. With the help of a set of measures on warming the balcony can be turned into a cold to a warm and useful room.