How to choose laminate
The choice of flooring - a problem to solvewhich need extremely armed with the knowledge of the quality and performance characteristics intended for laying the material. At the question "how to choose a laminate floor," several significant aspects, each of which you need to focus. Having replenished the arsenal of knowledge of important information about the positive qualities and shortcomings of the popular floor covering easier to decide on the priorities for a specific buyer personally properties. Help me choose will also have information about the benefits of products supplied to the market by manufacturers of laminate flooring.
- The arguments in favor of laminate flooring
- Disadvantages of laminate flooring
- The main enemy - water
- Another minus - echoing sound
- Options: glue and glueless
- Marking - information for consumers
- Firms that produce the best laminate
- leading brands
- Practical laminate economy class
Gender - element of the interior, to the maximum extentsubjected to a variety of influences. As floor covering move owners and visitors. Claws pet, stiletto heels, furniture legs, which fell heavy or sharp objects left in it traces. This is the most polluting surface is much more likely to require care. At the same time the floor belongs to the category of conservative surfaces, as his replacement is performed rarely.
So selected for resettlement office,country house or apartment floor material must steadfastly resist the whole range of acting on his negativity and to faithfully serve the hosts for the longest period. Therefore prefer to equip the premises with the help of a wear-resistant durable laminate, to the list of advantages which must be added the democratic prices.
The arguments in favor of laminate flooring
The main attraction of the party - Availabilityvalue, whereby the laminated flooring purchase activity than other types of coatings. And the buyers never a question: "How to choose the color of the laminate?". The assortment range of any store with a wide range of products from almost white to radically black tones.
Initially, the material imitated expensive types of wood. He developed and was more than half a century ago for the consumer, not having the financial ability to lay parquet elite.
Later Ensure practicality laminatedmaterial laminate buyers were offered modifications authentically follows the structure and color of the noble granite, aristocratic marble, solid ceramic tiles. It is now possible to equip a home or commercial premises with the help of a laminate floor, repeating the appearance of the skin, ceramic tiles, onyx and other semi-precious varieties of rocks. You can buy a set of laminated cover with a photo, patterned Oriental carpets.
In addition to the decorative appeal has other arguments, convincing consumers to give preference to the laminate, it is:
- versatility, allowing to choose laminate flooring for laying in rooms of different sizes, configurations, applications;
- easy to stack, does not require the skills of artist, if arranged "floating" type of flooring with a locking mount;
- Compatibility with the most varieties of laminate "warm floor" system;
- the strength, the ability to firmly hold the blows of falling objects, a number of static and dynamic loads;
- inertness to chemical agents and fat-containing ingredients;
- ability without consequences endure any amount of wet cleanings performed using rags and special means;
- easy removal of scratches, which uses a special coating or repair a pencil;
- Non-incendive, on the basis of which the building regulations allowed laying laminate flooring in wooden houses;
- heat resistance, through which the floor can not hurt, even accidentally fallen burning cigarette.
Laminate flooring does not need to scrape,polish its surface varnish. Its fully prepared for the installation of the board do not fade in direct sunlight. The spots with the coating can be solved with acetone or soap solution.
Note: soapy water is not recommended to use for regular maintenance, because it dries, it leaves in the laminated coating whitish stains.
Sellers parquet promoting environmentalnatural organic priorities with respect to the laminate can not express claims, as only natural ingredients used in the manufacture of the material. This is one type of flooring recommended for installation in places where children live and allergies.
Disadvantages of laminate flooring
For customers, we select the best optionsmaterial, should know about the negative qualities of laminate flooring. They certainly manifest non-compliance with the rules of operation. Accounting weaknesses is especially important for those who are puzzled by the question of how to choose a laminate for an apartment. Because housing is often necessary to carry out wet cleaning.
The main enemy - water
Despite assurances from vendors and manufacturerslaminate "not friendly" with water. That is, the moisture-resistant material is excellent to carry sanitary procedure with a small amount of water, but it would be hopelessly spoiled after the Gulf disaster. Only commercial-grade products can withstand water for several hours, however long the incident will not be without consequences deformation. Laminate panels, which are structurally paper substrate in a multilayer wrapper solid may suffer and change the geometry of the perimeter. Especially harmful would be hot water. However, if the premises are installed suspended ceilings, the owners can not be afraid of floods from the apartments above (but it is necessary to monitor the state of their own communications).
In an effort to rid the stuff from this flaw,manufacturers equip laminated layers that protect against moisture. It is advised to use the processing tool joint sealants for laying floating floors in corridors, kitchens, and binding compositions with water-repellent effect when applying the adhesive laminate flooring.
Another minus - echoing sound
To eliminate it before installing the coverstacked substrate. Loud sound of fallen solid objects and properties from the steps explained fiberboard and particleboard panels are an excellent resonator. Some manufacturers offer upgraded versions to the existing insulation of the layer that eliminates reflection and amplification of sound vibrations. If the budget has been chosen laminate layer without suspension, it is desirable to use polyethylene, rubber-cork or cork-bituminous substrate. By the way, it will serve as an additional leveling layer and overlapping protection from condensation.
Options: glue and glueless
The specifics of the connection panel formed the basis for the division of modifications of laminate flooring into two types.
- The adhesive laminate, elements of which are connectedtogether along the perimeter by fast adhesives. The cheap price of the material for the floor offset future costs. This need to purchase glue and hiring professionals with experience in installation. Required tools and instruments for durable mounting boards, buying them would not want to perform for a single installation. The amount of costs makes you forget about the cost of the material pricing, since the device laminated adhesive floor laying can be more expensive more expensive at a price "locking" of the laminate.
- Glueless flooring with laying hisconsult an inexperienced artist. two of its varieties on the market. The division into two subspecies due to the different ways of fastening. There panel, the connection between which is performed by the castle Click it clicks, and the panel, attached by hammering each other Lock lock elements. The latter variety is recommended for finishing the surface perfectly aligned. When mounting brackets with locks Click permitted minor irregularities in the substrate. This option is more expensive, but for those who do the work yourself is easier to assemble and more convenient.
What is better to choose a laminate to formalmost monolithic surface? Of course, adhesive, it will not be gaps, impermeable moisture, dust and dirt, brought from the street on the soles. But to repair the floor in case of damage of one of the elements will be problematic. Do not damage the finish, it will be impossible to repair the equipment "warm floor" system, because the neighboring cells will be damaged when removing the damaged plank. The adhesive laminate flooring to the same can not be disassembled and used for secondary placement.
Glueless laminate flooring options possibledismantled, transported and re-laid in another apartment. No problem can replace any damaged panel. There are negative aspects: sensitivity to moisture joints. Soaked water elements increase in volume, then dries to form cracks. If you repeatedly change the geometric parameters of the floor slats gradually loses aesthetic appeal, will decrease performance. To prevent this, suppliers of laminate flooring offer to use during laying mastic adhesives and water-repellent.
Marking - information for consumers
Wear resistance, durability and qualitycharacteristics - criteria vested interest who want to buy the best flooring. Compare them to a certain point it was not possible, and without comparison or use of personal practice is difficult to find a better option. To facilitate the selection process in 1999 by the European Association, bringing together manufacturers of laminate has been developed and adopted a single material evaluation system. After its adoption, every product passes 18 test trials, the results of which are recorded in the certificate and applied to the packaging of the goods arriving in the shops. Signs and marking prompt customers to choose the right laminate for use in the given conditions.
The strength of the floor covering is measured at"Tabertesta" results. Its essence lies in the durability of the study, carried out with a grinding wheel. The front surface of the laminate firmly pressed against the abrasive tool and the number of revolutions made by grinding machine to full abrasion protective and decorative layer. The technical documentation shall indicate the number of turns (the numbers vary in the range 6000-20000). In this definition, there is a caveat. It fixes the initial stage of IP abrasion, talking about the first signs of wear, and the final phase of the FP, confirming the 95% wear. For these indications the arithmetic mean of the AT calculated. But in the price lists, these numbers are printed without abbreviations, allowing unscrupulous suppliers to adjust the data.
Similar in tests carried out for the complexitydetermination of water resistance, resistance to stress, UV, scratch, burning, other harmful influences. As a result of the full test cycle of products is assigned to digital signage telling about the use of the class.
- 21 - floors for arranging living spaces with not too intense load, such as a bedroom;
- 22 - more durable material for laying in children;
- 23 - laminate floor unit in kitchens, hallways, rooms with resistive load;
- 31 - floor for offices that are not designed for the reception of visitors to offices, meeting;
- 32 - Commercial sex with increased strength, mounted in heavily frequented offices;
- 33 - laminate for shops, shopping centers and cafes.
Taken together with the information provided onmanufacturer warranty numerals help you get an idea of the strength of the floor. Again, there is a reservation: quietly endure frequent wet cleaning can only commercial grade flooring. Because recommended for interior decoration of residential choose laminate class 31, office deadlines significantly extend if desired, 32 and 33. The cost of high-quality flooring will be slightly higher, but also the timeline of the laminate of operation, designed for intensive visitors' flow, when used in living rooms increase almost fivefold .
In addition to the digital marking supplementedgraphic image on packaging laminate floor you can find the special icons that inform customers about the special properties of the material. They will help you in more detail to find out what is laminate flooring, and some material has been proposed as transmit information about the anti-static qualities of optimization of resilience to the impacts of various kinds, about the possibility of arrangement of floors with heating system, the need to use rubber accessories for furniture legs.
Firms that produce the best laminate
One of the characteristic features of the productthe manufacturer is responsible 20letny and over the warranty period. Constantly working on improving the products, manufacturers are now even give a lifetime warranty. Do not rely on dubious marks, vaguely indicating the technical data. They usually do not give specific warranty. Besides the fact that their product is clearly not passed strict test test, there is no assurance that the laminate through a couple of years will become a totally unsuitable coating.
The undisputed leader in the market are trademarksoffers from companies with an excellent reputation and great work experience. Their products usually include a collection of laminate for arranging premises of various types. Among the proposals can be found material of any color, combined with the interior of any stylistic direction. Those wishing to find out which company is best laminate are often advised to pay attention to products from reputable companies, such as an international association of Tarkett, a Swedish manufacturer of the Pergo, a Norwegian company Alloc.
Uniting 28 manufacturing plantsTarkett company sells its products in 100 countries of the New and Old World. Products from the Eastern European producer appreciated designers, engineers, handlers and users. Characteristics of laminated floor coverings with a famous trademark - presentable decor, HDF reliable bases, the presence of water-resistant impregnation, a special type of powerful tool joint with an angle of 30 degrees.
Combines superior design with durabilityand ease of installation Pergo's products conquer the heights of technical and operational parameters. This is one of the most resistant to impact, abrasion and to the action of abrasive laminate having a built-in sound-proof substrate and durable locking devices. Unique lock connection prevents the occurrence of cracks in the floor covering under unstable conditions of temperature and moisture level.
Laminate flooring with brand trademark Alloc -products for which the manufacturer is lifetime warranty. A distinctive feature of the laminate from the Norwegian company is a flawless aluminum locking system, through which substantially increases the strength parameters of the floor as a whole. Alumina is also a part of the upper protective and decorative layer, which in turn improves the wear resistance. According to expert studies Norwegian flooring keeps the load of 1200 kg / m, works without problems in highly complex environments.
Among the manufacturers of reliable respectableproducts occupy a leading position as a Czech company of the Magnum, a manufacturer of Jurgi Austria, the German company HDM and Classen. Many manufacturers open to Russian subsidiaries manufacture products for Western technology on foreign equipment.
Practical laminate economy class
If you are interested in questions about how to chooselaminate for the home, without spending extra money, consumers should pay attention to goods released on the Russian subsidiaries. In full accordance with European indicators of quality laminate flooring products, made in Russia, it is not burdened with incredible customs payments. To offer customers the price of transportation costs are not imposed. Because compatriots are increasingly attracted to Russian production with the Austrian and Swiss roots "Kronostar" and "Kronospan".
Worthy player stands on the marketlaminate flooring, issued by Chinese firms KexinFloor, Belle, EkoFloor et al. Chinese policy is designed for heavy-duty commercial implementation of the types of laminate at relatively low prices. The price aspect, it is almost no rivals, and both technologically Chinese products are rapidly going up the ranking ladder. In the segment of economy category are mainly Chinese offer laminated boards with a thickness of 10-12 cm and a commercial product classification.
Information about the producers of the best laminatequality characteristics of the product, its operational features to help you find and purchase a reliable material for the device sex. Armed with the knowledge and examining the information on the label, the buyer insures itself against errors. A good floor will last a long time, it will not disappoint the loss of quality and decorative charms for many years.