How to make a competent lighting in the kitchen
Creating a pleasant and cozy atmosphere in the kitchenIt depends not only on the skillfully selected and comfortably straddling the beautiful furniture, but also on the correct placement of lighting devices in it. Proper lighting in the kitchen will highlight and emphasize the beauty of the interior, to delineate zones and give the kitchen a unique look. The creation of such lighting - it is quite laborious and requires certain skills and abilities.
- The project, to solve all problems
- Options for the kitchen lighting
- How to overhead lighting
- Lighting of the working area cuisine
The project, to solve all problems
To create lighting in the kitchen by the hands, infirst of all have to develop a project. To do this, you can turn to professionals who will be able, for a fee to make it, but you can do everything yourself. It should take into account the features of the lighting in the kitchen, it is a combined version of the upper and lower light sources, which are clearly zoned space. With self-planning, kitchen lighting is necessary to consider the following:
- upper and lower light sources should complement each other and have the same level of illumination, so as not to create discomfort in the room;
- if extra wall lighting used lamps, their light should be soft and slightly absent-minded;
- for a brighter lighting of working areas, you can use lights built into the bottom of the wall cabinets;
- to illuminate work areas should be usedlighting with diffused light. This will help avoid blinding glare while cooking. Also, ambient lighting should be used in the interior, where a lot of chrome and glass surfaces;
- backlight for more convenient work surface and to create individual illumination lamp can be used with rotation pivot fixed to the wall;
- when the work area is located in the center of the kitchen, ceiling lights and built-in hood lights are used to light it;
- when you create a project, you must pay special attention to the color scheme and cuisine, already on this basis, select the range of the lighting, so as not to hurt the eyes.
Important! When planning the placement of fixtures it is important to consider this option as shading. Ideally shadows from surrounding objects when the light should not be.
Options for the kitchen lighting
When you create a kitchen lighting design appliedthree main options that are most appropriate for the planning of our kitchens. In the first embodiment, the general illumination light is formed from two sources - above the work surface and above the dining area. In both zones creates an optimal, quite bright lighting that complements each other. Then apply all possible lighting, built in hanging or suspended ceiling, suspended or mounted in cabinets or just glued to the surface, such as LED strip. This variant lighting project is perfect for medium and large kitchen with an area of more than 12 m2.
The figure photo lighting in the kitchen with a large area
The second version of the project in addition to the two mainlight sources, on the upper working surface and also provides additional sources which are placed on the walls. Each additional light has the ability to change the angle of illumination. This variant lighting project will help visually expand the space a little, that is perfect for small kitchens. The additional light sources must emit a soft, unobtrusive light.
The figure photo lighting in the kitchen with a small footprint
The third option is provided for the very youngkitchen about 6 m2. It is important every detail, from the color of the walls, and the last number of light sources and brightness. pastel shades of paint or cold are commonly used for the walls, and installed a powerful lighting fixture for overhead lighting and 2 - 3 additional mobile lamp with soft light for working surfaces.
The figure photo lighting in the kitchen with a very small footprint
Another option is a lighting projectLighting in the kitchen - living room. To date, kitchen-living room is gaining popularity, and it is increasingly to be found in projects or alterations in the already new projects houses. To highlight the kitchen, the living room, you can use almost the entire arsenal of lighting products ranging from ordinary lamps with incandescent and ending with LED lighting products.
The figure photo lighting in the kitchen-living room
The main thing when you create a project for the kitchen-living roomcomply with the following rule: a clear zoning of the kitchen and the living room through the brightness. As for the living room should be placed at least bright lights on the walls and ceiling, while the kitchen, use a bright overhead lighting combined with spot illumination of work areas. If a shared kitchen and living room bar, while the main stream of light should be directed to her and working the kitchen area.
How to overhead lighting
Kitchen lighting at night inmainly used overhead lighting. In addition, if the kitchen is not a window or the light coming through is insufficient, overhead lighting acts as a substitute for natural light. In both cases, the overhead lighting function is to provide a good kitchen lighting. Therefore, when you create a top-illumination can be set a powerful lamp on the ceiling center or several small around the perimeter of the ceiling the entire kitchen. It is also possible to combine one large central and several small around the perimeter.
Today, the most popular are suspendedceilings. Such ceilings are opening a lot of opportunities to contain many small spotlights. In addition, you can use the internal illumination of suspended ceilings, which will create the illusion of a cloudless sky or absence of the ceiling itself. Yet a further possibility of increasing the amount of light is in the kitchen ceiling lighting. To do this, you can place a hidden LED lights on the perimeter of the kitchen in the niches or ceiling directly above the suspended kitchen cabinets.
Creating a basic lighting in a small kitchen,will have to be guided by the rule of saving and ergonomic placement as furniture and lighting. The space is small, so the best way is the zoning of all premises. To achieve this, it is possible to install a suspended ceiling powerful spotlights.
Important! To achieve the maximum effect from the kitchen zoning by proper placement of lighting can create a group of switches for each of the zones.
Lighting of the working area cuisine
If overhead lighting is responsible for overallkitchen lighting, something for workplaces must be provided their own light sources. This is necessary for two reasons. Firstly, the local sources of light for working areas will enable more clearly identify areas countertops, stove or sink. Second, regardless of the brightness and the main light strength, work areas for various reasons can be shaded, and additional light sources help to avoid this.
To get a well-lit work areas,light sources must be placed at a certain level and a certain location. To do this it is necessary so that the incident light from one luminaire overlaps one or more work areas. To address this issue, you can use elongated lamps that are placed under the overhead lockers or attached to the bottom of them.
Today, more and more gaining popularityLED kitchen lighting. This type of lighting is simple and reliable to operate, economical and easy to assemble. To create illumination of the working area simply glue the LED strip to the bottom of the wall cabinets. Also, the LEDs can be installed in the lights, but to fit them into the kitchen furniture will have to make a special order from the manufacturer of furniture for special holes for the lamp.
Installation of LED lamp or mounted lamps are not severelydifficulties. To install enough Drill Hole Wizard and set in place. LED tape is simply glued to the desired location. For convenience, the lighting of the working area, you must install a separate switch for them and pave the wire hidden from him or external means.
Create lighting for the kitchen isvery interesting experiment for beginners and a lot of fun to professionals. Games with light and its intensity can create a unique individual atmosphere and comfort for every kitchen, reflecting the preferences of the owner and the inner world.