Today, polymer floors are verypopular in modern construction, being, well-deserved. This seamless coverage, attracting its performance characteristics, not too high cost and durability. In addition, they are the most unpretentious and beautiful, so apartment dwellers prefer them.
- Advantages of the floor made of polymers
- Types of polymer flooring
- application of technologies, especially
- Self-leveling floor in the home
- Innovative cover 3d
Advantages of the floor made of polymers
Polymer Self-leveling floors - High-tech coatings with such unique properties that are inconceivable in the application of concrete, linoleum, ceramic, ie traditional materials.
And indeed, weighty dignity and worth of attention of consumers:
- durability - their use pays off due to long service life (assuming proper operation - up to 15 years) and reliability;
- thermal stability - good resistance to high / low temperatures;
- abrasion resistance - outstanding performance to abrasion;
- chemical resistance - it deals more with epoxy floors, they are not afraid of solvents, alkalis, salts;
- flexibility - particularly this advantage relates to polyurethane coatings (any cracks in the concrete surfaces overlap);
- hygiene and harmlessness - completecompliance with sanitary and epidemiological norms, ie, in the applied state they are quite harmless. Moreover, they do not start any bacteria or microorganisms;
- dustless - solved one of the main problems of concrete floors.
And also very relevant for machine cleaningpremises seamlessly floors are applied quickly and within 24-48 hours you can walk on them. And the most important advantage - a lot of designs, different colors, but if you want self-leveling floors of the apartment can be made in several colors.
But there are some disadvantages: you need a reason to humidity control in the future is difficult to remove the coating.
Types of polymer flooring
Classification by type of coverage:
- epoxy self-leveling floors - this is a two-componentcoated with an organic base, an excellent option for rooms with high humidity index. It can be concluded that the most they are suitable for bathroom and kitchen. In fact, it is the most common polymer coating in the world, because it fully meets the technical requirements and is characterized by a fairly low cost;
- Polyurethane - have good impact resistance. This is a one-component liquid composition is visually reminiscent of oil paint. This type is mainly used in the hallway and the hallway, because there is a higher degree of abrasion of the surface;
- epoxy-urethane - suitable for places where there is constant movement of people;
- methyl methacrylate - this kind of competition is for use in unheated rooms.
But with regard to relief, the polymer coating for the floor can be smooth, rough and textured.
application of technologies, especially
If you wish to have an apartment decorated with beautifulSelf-leveling coating of high quality, it is better to turn to professionals, because the polymer floors - technology specific and complicated (each species has its polymer technology).
These experts have got off the floor so that it does not lose its valuable properties, that is, the nerves will be saved and the number of materials. In fact, the whole process consists of several steps:
- Preliminary grinding surface of the base;
- thorough dust removal;
- applying a primer layer;
Well, if you have confidence in their abilities and skills, and you are not the timid, it is possible to carry out all the work yourself. On this and now it will go.
Self-leveling floor in the home
So, we decided to apply the polymer self-leveling floor with their hands? Then you need to start with the preparation of the base.
Important: From this stage depends on the positive properties of future coverage, and it concerns the absence of defects: roughness, blistering.
Many people make the mistake of thinking that the base of the floor can only be concrete. This misperception because it may still be wood, tiles. Then proceed to the preparation.
The tree - you need to make sure that on this basisIt was not fat and oil only dryness and cleanliness (the dust is removed with a vacuum cleaner). Before applying the surface of the floor should be sanded or sanded. Operating Humidity - 8-10%.
Important: The wooden floor is not a guarantee of durability, you can expect a very unpleasant surprise - on a thin layer floor cracks.
Concrete - moisture content not more than 4%, the surface -clean, fairly smooth (without major deviations), if necessary, using a mosaic-grinder. There are times when in "native" concrete floor there are large cracks then it is possible to use self-leveling filler of the coating. They can also be glue fiberglass, covered with sand, and once a day to remove. Only after such preparation is applied primer.
Ceramic tiles - mandatoryTiles must be securely attached. If there are problem areas, the bad tiles must be removed and formed clearing zashpatlevat. Then the surface is washed, degreased with an organic solvent. Then, primer is applied, which increases the adhesion.
Important: degreasing - a mandatory procedure, without dropping the clutch.
The next step is priming. It is necessary to close the porosity of the concrete and prevent air postupanie on the floor surface because this will occur due deffekty. The applied primer is added to the quartz sand (the roughness is formed), that is, increases bonding to the substrate.
Important: The sand must be dry, clean, fine.
With priming, there should be noComplexities. Soil is simply bought in the store and applied by roller. If it is strongly absorbed, it is advisable to carry out the procedure twice. At the same time, it is not worth saving on a primer, the price and expense are not great, but here the quality of the floor deteriorates significantly without using it.
Application of the base layer (base) - 6-12hours after the above process (if a polyurethane), and a day when an epoxy floor. These are average figures, so you need to pay attention to the time specified on the package.
Important: viewed floors are very sensitive to temperature changes during installation, so the amplitude of the fluctuations should not be greater than 2 degrees.
The base layer - specific continuous coating(No defects on it), which is applied by pouring. So everything happens in such a scenario: the floor is poured a polymer composition, which is then evenly distributed. If large-scale work, the floor can be filled squares in a checkerboard pattern of alternating stripes. Parts connected by spontaneous leveling and spreading mass.
The main working tool - a squeegee, a special device with an adjustable gap (applied to the desired thickness). But in hard to reach places, you can use a spatula.
Also, there is another indispensable tool - krakostupy, tips on shoes, in their sole have steel spikes. With their help, you can move freely around the drawing of the floor, not damaging it.
While the base layer dries, you need a couple of times to roll on it aeration roller (with long spines), with the help of the air bubbles are removed.
For more beauty you can put on the cover"Chips" - specific pieces of sheet polymer, that is to create an original pattern and in one fell swoop to hide unevenness in the floor (if any). Then apply a thin layer of transparent polyurethane varnish.
Important: Self-leveling floors can be applied to a single layer and multiple (performed interlayer grinding).
Finishing coat - poured through the 2 days after the base (thickness 1-2 mm), he is responsible for the color of the floor.
This type of floor is almost does not shrink, butYet the temperature and contraction joints (along the walls, doors) should be cut, because the coating is applied to the concrete and experiences with all the strain it. Then, these joints are treated with sealant.
Polymer floors with their own hands - a reality,you must strictly adhere to the technology, and in 5-7 days it will be possible to contemplate the magnificent filler coating. Very interesting option - self-leveling resin floor with a large and colorful mosaics. As a separator used thin plastic strips that are placed before the start of operation in accordance with the fill card. It looks such a wonderful amazing cover!
A few words about the cost, there is nonothing complicated: Polymer floors - the price depends on the flatness and / or the presence of the concrete base of the requests for decoration (monotone, pattern, assorted colors), the thickness, the type of polymer. And here comes the name of the manufacturer and the complexity of the installation (if employed by the workers). But if the apartment owner wants to get gorgeous liquid polymer flooring - its price should not be confused, because the design intent can be very original. This will be discussed further.
Innovative cover 3d
At the present time, becoming more and more popular 3d polymer flooring. This is a great way to express theirindividuality, because a lot of people not interested in and, at times, boring routine and commonplace. And this type of decorative flooring diversifies the interior, making notes of eccentricity and exclusivity. This color palette is very wide, here is where to turn, and to dream. Such a variety of shades - conclusive evidence that the end result is a stunning, fashionable and extraordinary.
What is their point? Modern technology has opened up new horizons, to create decorative self-leveling floor can be used stone, wood, metal, these materials look great under a transparent polymer. Plus, you can do the different pictures, graphics, logos and even reflective geometric shapes.
To be honest, they can not be called cheap and accessible pleasure. But it is very beautiful, besides the cost of paying off multiple positive characteristics (already mentioned).
From the information provided it is clear that there is a choice, it all depends on personal desires. But the fact that the self-leveling floors embellish and enrich the design of the apartment, no one will argue this fact.