How to lay carpet
Ignorant person may seem thatwork with the carpet should not cause difficulties. But, as practice shows, the process of laying of the material requires certain skills. To understand how to lay carpet, you need to become familiar with existing methods of its styling. Selection of a particular method, which allows the right to fix the carpet depends on the specific situation.
- Traditional preparation work
- Methods of laying carpet
- Laying a fixation on the perimeter
- Free installation with mounting on Scotch
- tensioning method - stretching
- Glue laying method
Traditional preparation work
Perform any repair and construction works notIt dispenses with the preparatory phase. Before you begin to lay carpet, you need to buy special tools that can greatly simplify the execution of works. To lay the need:
- Knife carpet;
- Reiki is made of metal, with which you can fix the flooring around the rapids;
- The roller blade allows to roll evenly.
Lay the carpet should be on level ground,without irregularities and changes. In a situation where there are grounds to meet the requirements necessary to carry out preparatory work. The device of the floor covering to the substrate allows significantly prolong its service life. Furthermore, the substrate well smoothes irregularities.
During the execution of works it is important to maintainoptimum temperature as needed to lay the carpet at a temperature above 15 degrees and relative humidity of 75-80 percent. The flooring is kept at operating temperature not less than a day for acclimatization. It is particularly important to respect this rule in the winter season, as sudden temperature changes can adversely affect the quality of the work performed.
Methods of laying carpet
Select the method of laying a floor covering depends on several factors:
- The functional purpose of the room (house or office space);
- The basis of carpet: solid fiber is measured accurately in accordance with the area of the room, and the material without a substrate cut out with an allowance;
- First floor condition.
In a situation where the carpet does not require a special lock, for example, in the loggia or balcony, you just handle overlock edge.
To understand how to lay carpet, the existing methods of its styling should be considered in detail. The most common are the following methods:
- Loose laid with fixing carpet on the perimeter;
- Free installation with fixation on the carpet adhesive tape;
- tensioning method - stretching;
- Glue laying method.
Laying a fixation on the perimeter
This method is the easiest topractice, but is characterized by defects arising during operation. It is important to take into account all the unpleasant moments before laying the floor covering. This method is most suitable for small spaces where it is possible to cover the floor with one cut-carpet.
Material placed on the floor in such a way thathe went to the wall at 5-10 cm around the perimeter. Then he should straighten out the wrinkles caused from the center to the edges. Surplus of flooring must be cut using a profile or a long rail. At the final stage around the walls of the coating is fixed plinth, and near doorways - with the help of nut-profiles of metal.
Among the advantages of this method, it should be noted the ease of laying and the possibility of replacing the existing cover.
The disadvantages include poor fixationcarpet, low durability, possibility of occurrence of bubbles on the surface. When cleaning and moving furniture in the room, carpeted in a way, you should be careful.
Free installation with mounting on Scotch
Fixing the carpet by means of bilateraladhesive tape allows to make packing quick and easy, as in the previous method, but has a number of advantages specific to the adhesive method. On a clean prepared surface is glued around the perimeter of the double sided tape having a width of 60-150 mm. Further, throughout the area of the room glued strips of adhesive tape in increments of 50 cm, but the protective film is not removed. Carpeting carefully metered, fit, then the film is removed, and the cover is glued to the floor. If the room is more than a single otrez carpet, it can be carried out in such a way stacking several pieces butt.
Laying carpet with adhesive tapeIt allows you to lay it on the previous coat. In addition, this method is ideal for those who frequently change the design of the room. Removing the old carpeting adhered to an adhesive tape, it is faster than in a situation with a coating adhered to a special glue.
Among the shortcomings can be noted the risk of bubbles as adhesive tape may be deformed under the influence of high humidity or temperature changes.
tensioning method - stretching
Stretching refers to the professional way of laying carpet. The basis of this method is the elasticity of the material inherent in textile coatings.
On perimeter of the room at 45 degreesnarrow slats are attached to the studs, which with the help of special tools pull material. Under the carpet is laid substrate, enhancing thermal and acoustic insulation.
Glue laying method
Laying carpet with glueIt is the most traditional, but requires some skill. Carpets need to be expanded on the floor and trim the size of the room. Then should fold it in half. The opened surface is covered with adhesive with a notched trowel. Using a special tool allows you to put the adhesive evenly over the entire surface. Then half of the piece of carpet is recycled in place by gluing it with a roller. Similarly, received and a second part. The final stage is carried out installation of metal rails and baseboards.
One advantage of this method isreliability. It is suitable for stacking several pieces of carpet, when it is necessary to lay a large area. With this method, the appearance of bubbles on the surface of the flooring displacement is practically excluded.
The only drawback of the adhesive installation method is labor-intensive process that requires a certain experience.
With either method, the excess carpet trimmedby means of a flat board or profile. If the room is located just outside the door, another bed cover, a little to smooth the transition, you can use the floor profile. The process of laying the carpet is completed work on installing baseboards.