Fireplace in the interior of the apartment and a country house
At all times the center - it is a symbol of comfort andfamily well-being. Gradually primitive fires in caves transformed into an exquisite fireplace in the interiors of modern homes and apartments, continuing the warm primordial comfort of their inhabitants. In this article, we suggest you familiarize yourself with the features fireplaces placement with popular design solutions and architectural styles.
- Fireplace in a private home or apartment
- Architectural styles of fireplaces in the interior
- Possible location of fireplaces in the interior
Fireplace in a private home or apartment
Despite the fact that the real wood-burning fireplacestoday practically lost its original premises heating function, becoming a spectacular design tool, they continue to be a major engineering facilities requiring special conditions for installation: a spacious room and the possibility of arrangement of the chimney. In a private house, these conditions create even at the design stage of construction or reconstruction of the building and have the opportunity to reward contemplation of living fire.
Arrange wood-burning fireplace in the apartment difficult, andand sometimes impossible. To view this natural fireplace constant air flow is required in the absence of drafts. Double glazing in the windows can create a vacuum effect, and a fireplace starts to smoke.
Residents of old houses can affordfireplaces in the interior of the apartment, clearing and restoring the old chimneys and vents. However, if in an old house, wooden floors and the apartment is located above the first floor, they need to be further strengthened. Lucky and owners of new buildings: they tend to be a place for the fireplace is already provided by the project.
The panel houses almost impossible to getthe relevant authorities for permission to install wood-burning fireplace, except on the upper floors is theoretically possible to install a lightweight model of the fireplace stove, structurally resembling pechku- "stove." For all other cases, suitable quality wood-burning fireplaces dummies: electric fireplaces and biofireplaces.
Architectural styles of fireplaces in the interior
If the fireplace is located indoors, itregardless of location, is converted to its center, and around his concept usually builds the entire interior of the house or apartment. Depending on the architectural style of the interior in a modern design using the four main types of fireplaces design:
- hi (hi-tech).
What features inherent in every architectural style, and how to implement them fireplaces in the apartment - photo interiors demonstrate clearly and eloquently.
Classic art and style fireplace - itU-shaped portal, which is used in the finishing of precious marble, malachite and other types of natural stone, wrought iron and wood elements. Strict classical fireplace perfectly combined with elegant restraint interiors in classical style and decorated with columns, sculptures and intricate moldings decorate the interior of the hall with a fireplace luxurious mansion in the style of playful baroque or empire.
For the country style, which is also calledrustic, characteristic fireplaces with D-shaped portal. Their finish is used deliberately rough simple materials: porous stone such as sandstone or shell rock, tiles "manual" work with ethnic ornaments. Fireplace in country style perfectly fit into the interior log house in the Russian style towers and part of the play the role of the hearth in the living room in the style of Mediterranean or French Provence.
At the heart of the Art Nouveau style is timeless classic: All the same U-shaped portal of the fireplace, but the lines are softened, rounded details. Fireplace in the Art Nouveau style, it usually takes all the wall space from floor to ceiling, used in the decoration of the noble metal and marble, it is elegant and graceful in their simplicity underlined. Fireplaces, perfectly combined with other architectural styles, equally good in the interiors and houses, and apartments, and restaurants, and theaters, and offices established companies.
Style high-tech technology (hi-tech)characterized by uncompromising, but the fireplaces in the interior of the apartment in hi-tech style - it is an island of warmth among the living kingdoms ice glass, glossy stone and gleaming metal. Design hi-tech Fireplaces often unexpected, futuristic, attractive in its unusual and is suitable for both residential and for public buildings.
Possible location of fireplaces in the interior
Design a variety of modern fireplacesIt allows you to place them in any room and in any area of the room, but there are among them, the most common options. There is a very conventional, but accepted among architects, designers, stove-makers and chimney fireplaces companies divide the place in an interior location:
Pristennye fireplaces are more likely to occur ininteriors, as compared to other occupied most precious small area of the room, but they have some of their own is not always a nice feature.
If you have to have a fireplace in the capitalthe inner wall can be a problem with the placement of the fireplace design: it is not always possible to hide. In this case it is necessary to construct a decorative box, which will hide the furnace to the chimney connection node and perform the role of heat distribution systems for space heating.
Not Recommended as an option in the fireplace installationExterior walls: need additional insulation walls and chimney. If the wall facade, the exterior of the chimney and disturb the aesthetics of the facade of the building.
The small thickness of the interior walls, too, can become an obstacle to the placement of wall fireplace.
Built-in fireplaces, being built into the wallniches, pilasters and columns even, can drastically transform the interior of a room with a fireplace, which was impossible to do without important but unattractive engineering construction. Built-in fireplaces are practical because they do not take up useful space, but schedule their installation should be at a stage of construction of the building.
Corner fireplaces in the European tradition has longserved for heating several rooms simultaneously. Optimal corner fireplace in the interior of a small room: he, like built-in fireplace, not only saves precious useful space, but also makes it a special charm, smoothing sharp edges stiffness.
Double-sided fireplace - one of the most interestinginstruments interior design. As a free-standing room in the middle of a spectacular design, two-sided fireplace can divide the space into two separate areas. At the same time, being in any zone, it is possible to heat and a fireplace, and enjoy the view of live fire. Alternatively sided fireplace can be placed in the interior walls, and then the house will be just two of fireplace room of one chimney. Island fire, or detached - is a spectacular way to place the fireplace in the center of the room, symbolizing the enduring role of a home.
Island fireplace open on all sides and in decorthis complex engineering design are subject to all of the elements and unusual portal, and embedded in the ceiling of the chimney. Given the cumbersome design, island fireplace with open fire, luxury chimney of glass or metal is effective as a central decorative design solution only in the interior of the room a large area. Heat transfer its negligible and it is inefficient for heating a large room.
Hanging fireplaces - not only effective, but alsoexotic way of placing a home. In this case, the chimney or smoke box is both a way of fixing the structure to the ceiling or floor decks. Suspended fireplaces can be both island and wall-mounted or corner: in any case, open flame catcher among the "floating" in the air of glass and steel structural elements is impressive.
Portable fireplaces - a large familydetached and decorative electric fireplaces bio fireplaces. What is an electric fireplace, everyone knows, but the Bio Fireplace - a decorative version of the alcohol burner, in which the role played by coal becomes hot-hot ceramic elements. The construction is mobile, thanks to the fact that biofuels completely combusted and does not require a stationary chimney.
Thus, by choosing the hearth structure andversion of its location in the interior of the room, you should consider all the factors that may affect its smokeless operation. This chimney design or the possibility of its installation, ventilation and air condition in the house. Errors in the design and execution of the project may result in the fact that a stylish, beautifully decorated with a fireplace will not home, and fuming hideous monster or a source of ignition.