How to wipe the seams on the tile
The final stage of work on the laying of tiles ona wall or a floor grouting - filling joints specially prepared composition whose color can match the color of the tiled surface or, conversely, be a contrast. If necessary, the treated joints are also treated with a sealant. Besides decorative function protects the grout joints against ingress of moisture and can hide possible defects in masonry, but poorly executed can spoil the appearance of flawless laying tile. Advice on how to wipe the tile joints on the right will help avoid mistakes and prolong the life of a beautiful and lasting ceramic flooring or walls in any room of your home.
- The range of jointing materials
- The width of the seams - selection factor
- How to overwrite: advice and tips
- Preparation trowel paste
- Application of grouting at the seams
- Using a grout bag
- Dry Cleaning grout joints
- Wet cleaning final
- Epoxy Grout or polymer
The range of jointing materials
Clearance for finishing seams at the joints of ceramic tiles laid using special rubbing mixture which, depending on the input of the binder are:
- grouting cement-based;
- Two-component grout based on epoxy resins.
Cement grout for tile joints sold inas a dry mixture which is necessary before using water or liquid latex brought to a desired consistency. The basis of this type of mixtures of portland cement, as well as additives in the composition may include curing agents, dry latex and pigments. If you can not find ready-made trowel mix the desired color, you can buy yourself a white and add the dye before using.
The basis of epoxy grout consists of twocomponents - the epoxy resin and hardener, providing high durability and resistance welds to both moisture and aggressive chemicals. Epoxy grout is sufficiently viscous and hardens very quickly, it is necessary to work with it efficiently and quickly. Besides domestic furnishing most commonly used ceramic tile, the thickness of which does not exceed 12 mm and the width of the seams at the joints is 3-6 mm and the seams are narrow viscous epoxy grout simply can not fill, but when facing domestic swimming pools or other custom objects, it is indispensable.
It is important to know!
Choosing epoxy grout for tile, notconfuse it with a sealant based on elastomers, on the packaging which usually indicate that they are designed for tile work. Seals are used to fill the possible voids between the tile and the substrate during installation, but they are not suitable to fill the joints.
The width of the seams - selection factor
The width of the joints between the tiles, each selectsyour liking, but the surface, lined with ceramic finishing a square or rectangular shape of any standard sizes from 10 to 60 cm and more aesthetic look neater if the joint width of 3 mm. Too wide seams in this case visually slightly depress and elegant design make it easy to the ceramic surface.
When using tiles of irregular shape morea seam to 12 mm, on the contrary, enhances the decorative effect of the tiled surface. But wide seam can crack during use, and even the addition of coarse sand, recommended in such cases, does not exclude the probability of facing unpleasant defect.
Too narrow groove width of less than 3 mm can alsocrack if used trowel the mixture is too liquid consistency, or, conversely, dense grout is not filled all the space and suture through the voids in the liner enters the water. In addition, the seam is also a shock absorber that protects the lining from being destroyed when the possible expansion or contraction of the tiles at the temperature drops, and with a width of 1-2 mm it loses this ability.
The width of the connecting joints 3-12 mm is consideredoptimal, also because it allows you to use not only the most simple cement grout, diluted with water, but also latex, acrylic or epoxy grouts, if necessary.
How to overwrite: advice and tips
Like the other finishing work grouting ceramic tile begins with a thorough cleaning of the tiled surface and remove dividing crosses.
It is important to remember!
If not removed tic separation layerTrowel mix them will be thinner than a layer of binder solution, and so the color will be different after curing and facing will look untidy.
When working with glazed tiles can be wipeDry well stiffened joints. Facing made of unglazed ceramics must first moisten at the junctions: this will prevent the absorption of moisture from the intense mixture trowel. Wet the tiles can of the spray gun, but in moderation. If fresh grout will flow down streams of water from the tiles, it can become too thin and crack when dry.
Cement and epoxy resin, a part ofgrout can cause inflammation of the mucous membranes and allergic reactions, so when working with these materials it is recommended to use protective goggles, a respirator and rubber gloves. Grout tile joints comprising the following steps:
- cooking trowel paste;
- applying grout to the joints;
- dry cleaning seams;
- wet final cleaning of welds.
Preparation trowel paste
Dry component trowel-based mixturecement and, if necessary, dry pigment are poured into a large clean container, pour the manufacturer's instructions specified amount of water and mixed initially by hand and then mechanically using a mixer construction.
The result should be a solutionconsistency of very thick cream. If the mixture gets too thick, add water, bring it to the optimum consistency. If grout is used for coloring the liquid dye, add it necessary in the finished paste and mix well with a mixer. The prepared solution for complete swelling of the components are left on for 10-15 minutes and then stirred with a mixer until a uniform smooth consistency.
Application of grouting at the seams
Concreting paste applied to wall tiles and evenly distribute its wooden trowel or trowel float towards the butt joints between the tiles thoroughly with a mixture of filling them.
The tool should be held at an angle of 30 ° to the tile andThe mixture is applied on the diagonal movements. Concreting solution firmly pressed into the joint, filling all the corners of the brim, voids, cracks, not filled with adhesive. During grouting liquid fraction paste will gradually leave the surface and the joints are filled solid fraction of cement, sand and polymeric additives.
It should not just be applied to the entire trowel pastethe surface. Paste the seams on an area of about 1 square meter, it determines how quickly grasped grouting solution, and then decide how often you need to stop and clean the already treated areas.
Using a grout bag
When working with a surface lined with hardCleans tiles, for example, natural or artificial stone imitating it, apply the grout to the joints as possible, using a special grout bag with a tip, like a pastry bag.
Filling the seam paste from the bag and start from the top,as the filling of each seam down to the bottom. This grout should squeeze out a bit more than the required amount. Once the mixture starts to set, its a piece of rubber cable diameter greater than the width of the seam gently pressed into the seam, and after about 30 minutes, the excess compressed in the joint grout can be removed with a stiff brush.
Dry Cleaning grout joints
After filling all the joints with a mixture of trowel, its surplus withtiles removed a special float, holding the tool is almost perpendicular to the tile and making a movement diagonally in the direction of the joints, trying not to offend. If the float, hitting the seam grouting grabs a ball, the dent should refill and align the seam surface. To fully grasp the grouting needs a certain time, the duration of which depends on the mixture formulation. Stripped from the mixture of the previous surplus lining of land, from time to time stir trowel paste in the container so that it is ready to continue the processing of seams in the next section.
Wet cleaning final
The rate of evaporation of moisture and the full graspgrout takes from 5 to 20-30 minutes, depending on the type of tile adhesive, type of substrate, temperature and humidity. And on the tile surface composition can freeze very quickly, but the seams will remain moist. To check whether the grout is ready for wet cleaning, it tested abundantly soaked sponge on a small portion of the lining. The mass in the joints should be tight, elastic, but not hard.
If the grout is reaching for wet sponge, thento wet clean seams it is not ready yet. Adhering to the surface of the tiles until you can remove the paste special abrasive grater, leaving no scratches on the tiles. After cleaning the tile grout with dried, gently wipe it with a damp well-wrung sponge.
bucket need to wet cleaning with liningsponge with pure water and with rounded edges, which is not jammed in the grooves leaves seams. Initially, abundantly moistened sponge and the tile joints and remove all excess grout, washing away soft circular motions wet particles of cement and sand and monitoring, so that the seams do not appear jammed grooves. The sponge is frequently rinsed and drained and cleaned for each receiving portion 1-2 sq.m. When processing veneered surface area more than 8-9 square meters, the water must be changed.
Having finished the first stage of wet cleaning, carefullyinspect all jammed joints and if necessary align them initially smooth wooden or plastic stick of circular cross section and then wrung damp sponge.
The joint width is set at a laying, but the formselected according to personal preference and taste. Usually if cladding is made of tiles with smooth sharp edges, grouting joint is formed flush with them. When the rounded top edge of the tiles form grout joint often chooses tiler, but to rise above the surface of the lining, he should not.
Finally further purified seams and ceramicsfacing not from grout residues from a cloudy whitish plaque, until it reaches its final form and leave for 15-20 minutes until dry. For matte unglazed tiles to completely remove stains and muddy divorce may need one or two stage wet cleaning with the change of water.
Grout containing acrylic or latexadditives, more difficult to grasp and can be washed. If this happens, the traces of trowel paste can be washed with acid cleaners or a special tool for removing plaque. Only formulations containing acid, can be used after complete setting grout.
Epoxy Grout or polymer
It is very difficult to make a recommendation which groutjoints for tile better, it depends on the type of tiles and purpose of the room in which it will operate. On the grouting cement-based work easier, but it quickly wears out and requires periodic updates. Grout-based polymers and epoxy resin, provides a very strong and durable seams, you can create extraordinary decorative effects, but work with it requires special skills and should be carried out very quickly.
However, when working with cement containingtrowelling compounds at the final stage of the surface, lined with brushed hygroscopic tiles, including jammed joints, covered with a thin layer of sealant, using a conventional paint roller. If the surface is lined with glossy tiles can be sealed only grout joints, walking up to him with the composition of a thin brush. On the complete drying grout take 2-3 weeks and thereafter you can use the room, enjoying a beautiful durable floor, stylish bathroom or putting apron on the working kitchen wall.