Step by step instructions for laying laminate
Contrary to popular belief that the stylinglaminate process is simple and requires no special skills, it never hurts to properly examine the theoretical side of the issue. Despite the apparent simplicity, there are some difficulties. We offer detailed instructions for installing laminate.
- Tips for laying laminate
- Tools and materials
- Methods that depend on the type of material
- Using the type of locks «Click»
- Using the type of locks «Lock»
- Laying laminate with an adhesive compound
Tips for laying laminate
So, the first advice - laminate flooring can be laidOnly a properly prepared substrate. Not dried out screed will cause short life beautiful flooring - excessive moisture will lead to deformation, even very high-quality laminate.
The surface of the base under the laminate must besolid, perfectly flat and dry. You can lay laminate plank flooring, linoleum flooring, used as a base sheet of chipboard, OSB boards or chipboard. If the floor surface is uneven, use a special leveling compound
The process takes just laying laminatea little time, because the main design feature of the material in the assembly resembles a designer. The possibility of each element of the floor covering attached to the previous one, without being fixed at the level of the subfloor.
In order to avoid gaps and inconsistencies, it is imperativeto the surface on which the stacked laminate was flat. Then lay down laminate monolithic, single plane. Permissible height difference on the laminate stacking technology on the 1st cover should not exceed 2mm. The most common form of gender alignment is considered a special pouring self-leveling mixture (liquid floors), or pouring a concrete screed. The substrate - an indispensable element! Expanded polystyrene or penopropilenovaya substrate than its sound-proof, heat-retaining and vapor barrier properties is another useful feature - helps smooth out minor irregularities floor.
The technique of laying the laminate is based on the principle"Floating floor", which provides for the floor to move. Do not be scared, we are talking about the properties of any body to change the size for temperature changes. We remember from the lessons of physics - with heating, the body expands, and when cooled, it narrows. To ensure that the floor does not go once with the hills from the fact that the heating is turned on, it is necessary to allow the material to expand. In other words, the technological gap to the wall (about 10 mm on average) is another obligatory condition for the durability of the laminate coating.
Before you start packing, leavelaminate room for several days. Note humidity indicators - not more than 70% in order to avoid deformation of the material. To the seams of the cover elements have been less visible, it is better to lay laminate parallel to the flow of light.
Tools and materials
- Construction roulette.
- A hammer.
- Bar for tamping.
- Pencil and ruler.
Methods that depend on the type of material
- Depending on the laying direction (straight styling, diagonal, as well as laying "herringbone or" square ").
- In the direction of the windows.
- By way of the connection panels (glue and lock method).
If the laminate panels are stacked in parallelwalls, such a method called the direct laying. This is the most economical method of laying - on trimming costs no more than 7%. Diagonal laying harder to perform and more expensive material consumption - by trimming spending accounts for about 15%. To lay the "herringbone" laminate, a special laminate (smaller panel and a special lock design that allows hardware elements at an angle of 90 degrees). This method of laying is the most difficult in terms of technical execution.
Can laminate flooring be laid on light line and againstit. If the laminate is laid on the light line, it is possible to achieve the visual effect of a continuous solid surface. If to be laying laminate in a narrow room, the bar across the putting can be visually "extend" the space, but if the panels are placed across the light line, the seams between the panels can cast shadows, the illusion of the perfect smoothness of the floor in this case is impossible.
By way of connections between panels can be laminated with a keyhole and adhesive bonding. Locks come in two types: «Click» and «Lock», depending on the type of lock is different and stacking equipment.
Using the type of locks «Click»
On a clean flat surface should be spread outsubstrate. Laying laminate begins from the wall: going to the first row of panels are inserted wedges (with the help of them formed the technological gap 10-12mm) between the wall and the extreme close laminate panels. The panels of the first row should be turned to the wall protrusion. Make sure that the locks on the panels tightly converged between the panels should be no gaps. To lock properly closed to insert the panel into the groove at an angle of 45 degrees, lowered until it clicks. The last panel in a row is cut using a jigsaw to the desired size (note the pencil away, do not forget about the technical gap).
When placing the following series, make sure that the panel"Vrazbezhku" were laid. In other words, avoid overlap joints, they should not be crosswise. Laying the second series is as follows: connect the first panel in face seals, form a strip of the desired length, and then motivate the strip is inserted into the slot at an angle, and then lowered into place. Thus laid and the subsequent series. If the width of the panels corresponds to the required width of the room, and the last row of perfect finishing flooring - incredibly lucky you are. But it is necessary to cut off most of the last row of panels along. To do this, we note the desired size, holding a pencil and cut the strip jigsaw.
Using the type of locks «Lock»
In this case the laminate stacking severalIt differs from the previous in that the front connection panel mounted horizontally, combining with a spike another slot. Then with a wooden hammer extension and customize the panel firmly, to leave no gaps between them. To lay the second row does not need to immediately collect the entire band, the first panel is driven into the groove of the previous row, before installation of the second panel retreat 1cm from the end of the first and connect it to the previous close, and then inciting the second panel to the junction with the end of the first panel. The last row of inciting special crowbar.
Laying laminate with an adhesive compound
Of course, most laminate lock connectionsimple and quick than glue. So why complicate your work? The fact is that the adhesive bonding is used to protect joints from moisture, this method significantly prolongs the life of the laminate. The disadvantages of the adhesive joining method has the inability to replace damaged panels, and inappropriate use on underfloor heating. When the glue method of connection is only necessary to use waterproof glue. Operation is the same as with the type locks «Lock», but before docking is applied to the ends of the glue panels. The amount of adhesive is determined empirically during operation, the excess glue immediately carefully removed.
As you can see, it's not as easy as it seemed atfirst glance. But the reason for the panic is also not observed. You now know about possible problems when laying the laminate, and no doubt will be cautious.
Perhaps many readers left open the question of "how to put laminate" - instruction, which would be detailed it may be, is no substitute for clarity, an actual example.