Repair of rarely do withoutspackling and priming the surface of the walls. This type of work is carried out at the final stage to produce a smooth and flat surface. In addition to the flat surface is finished to putty the walls have a number of advantages, among them a neat appearance and facilitating further work. Carrying out the work yourself, it is important to know how to putty the walls to get a flat and smooth surface for painting or wallpapering. Putty walls with his own hands rather simple form of work, the main thing to realize that you need to do to comply with procedures and be able to handle the tool.
- Why plaster the walls.
- Methods spackling the walls.
- Starting putty surface.
- Method using beacons.
- Surface finish.
- Plastered walls with cracks.
- The choice of materials and tools.
- How putty walls: Milestones.
Why plaster walls
Work on the decoration of the walls can be divided into threemain stages. The first phase - is to prepare the surface. He is to remove the old coating, cracked plaster and putty. At the second stage the rough surface finish of the walls. This includes reinforcing, leveling and luting. The final third stage is reduced to wallpapering, painting or other methods of finishing walls. Many are accustomed to only carry out the first and last step of completely losing sight of a rough finish. This small omission adversely affect the appearance of the walls and the overall impression of repair. The need for such works as leveling walls, plastered walls for wallpaper or wall putty for painting, it becomes apparent only at the final stage of the work, when nothing can be changed.
The obvious advantages are plastered wallssmooth surface, smoothing the sagging plaster, small holes and cracks. On top of that is finished to putty the walls have a uniform surface on which the fine will form any finishing materials.
As for the surface alignment, thenthis kind of work, everything is a bit more complicated. The fact that the alignment bear aesthetic burden, while putty - technical. And the answer to the question of whether to do the alignment depends on the financial capacity and the desire to see the symmetrical corners premises.
Methods spackling the walls
For high-quality repair must performprocedure spackling surfaces before the final finish. To know how to properly putty walls, you must first understand the methods spackling. There are the following ways: starting putty, lighthouse putty, finish putty and putty for cracks. Each of these methods is carried out by various types of plastering and is used for certain purposes. Before putty painted walls or under the wallpaper, you must perform a starting putty and level the wall.
Starting putty surface
For the home filler usedputty, plaster based on gypsum with an admixture of various additives. Starting putty is performed to align the walls, embedding cutting grooves and holes. The layer thickness can be up to 15 mm. At the big thickness of applied plaster, plaster should be alternately layers. Each new layer is applied with pauses for drying the previous one. For high-quality application-launch putty plaster used masking grid. With it, the material has a better coupling with the surface, the possibility of cracks practically disappears, and the surface of a flat.
Important! To the surface was more smooth and level, use a coarse grid masking.
Method using beacons
Implementation of this method requires the spacklingthe same materials as the starting putty. It is used for leveling walls, embedding cutting grooves and holes. Before the lighthouse putty wall putty, set the beacons, which are made of wood, plaster or metal rods. Lighthouse is set in the vertical and horizontal plane at the level and filled with putty, plaster. This finish is perfectly smooth and vertical.
Important! Lighthouse putty much more expensive than the coat using a paint grid, but not visually different.
This method is also called spackling "bespeschanka". Caulking is applied to majachnuju or starting to make the surface perfectly smooth and even appearance. The result is a surface without pores and cracks. The finish coat is applied with a thin layer and repeats the plane previously applied starting putty.
Important! The finish coat is designed to impart surface smoothness. To level it can not be used as a layer of finishing filler is not more than 1.5 mm.
Plastered walls with cracks
This method is used when necessarylocally "patched" surface of the wall. Perform plaster cracks can be simple with a spatula. The material can be used alabaster and plaster mixture, but the best material for this type of spackling is satengips. Before sealing of cracks, it is necessary to increase the width and depth of the crack. This is done in the best coupling putty. To do this, we perform an acute angle spatula or knife at the crack. Next, we apply a primer of deep penetration and give it to dry. Now we put the very plaster with a spatula and give dry.
Important! Working with alabaster gypsum and more difficult, because they do not have sufficient elasticity. The advantage of these materials is their speed of drying - about 10-15 minutes. Satengips more elastic, but is more drying time.
The choice of materials and tools
To perform the work will require the following tools:
- Small trowel 10-15 cm;
- Spatula large 25-30 cm;
- Corner trowel;
- Drill and insert the mixer;
- Brush and roller;
- The net capacity of 15-25 liters.
The materials the situation is somewhat more complicated. putties market offers a huge selection, ranging from simple and cheap based on linseed oil and ending with expensive pre-prepared putty. Those who have a tight budget or have a desire to save money, you can opt for a dry putty.
They are cheaper, and of sufficient quality. To start the application layer to use coarsely putty to finish the last layer of filler is used. There are a number of universal putty, but the quality of work and the economy is to choose according to the method of their application.
Important! In dry fillers serious shortcoming is their poor resistance to moisture. At high humidity, they become soft again. To be safe from this phenomenon, it is better to choose a moisture resistant filler.
To putty and other finishing materialswell-kept, the ground surface. Damage primer fix and maintain the surface from minor injuries. In addition, primer promotes better absorption (absorbance) and coupled to the base surface of the plaster, paint, wallpaper paste and putty. When choosing a primer should pay attention to the type of surface on which the primer is applied. Primers with a high degree of penetration applied to highly porous and friable surface, universal primer is applied to the surface sredneporistuyu. On the low-porosity dense surface primed with high adhesive properties. For qualitative coupling of finishing materials should be used specialized primer for a particular type of surface.
Important! For priming surfaces in rooms with high humidity, use a special waterproofing primer. Such primers are applied in two layers.
How putty walls: Milestones
1. Treat the surface of the primer. To do this, use the roller. Hard to reach places, corners and joints gruntuem with a brush. We wait until its complete drying.
2. If necessary, align the walls with plaster or putty home. After drying again gruntuem.
3. If you use a dry plaster have to do her cooking. For this purpose the tank pour a little water and add putty. First, we mix with a spatula, and then use a drill with a mixer. Water is added gradually.
Important! Readiness is determined by its putty consistency. In demonstrating how the video wall putty can see what it should be: flexible and slightly stick to the trowel surface. If the putty runs, it watery and should be added to the dry mixture. If lumps, on the contrary - dry.
4. Apply the plaster start. To do this, we use a large spatula. Fillers Apply the middle portions and evenly distributed over the surface of the wall. Spatula hold at an angle of 25-30 degrees, and one touch diagonally inflict putty. To avoid the mounds and transitions, each subsequent coat is applied overlapping.
Important! When applied to the plaster layer should start to mix in small portions, for quick production. This is done so that a kneaded mixture of dry particles does not appear to affect the quality of work. Do not be afraid of visiting bands from the spatula, they align the finishing putty.
5. For smooth angles use a special trowel corner. First, using a small spatula we put a small layer of putty to the entire height or angle of the slope, and then leveled spatula angle. Give dry well during the day.
6. After drying putty home, you are ready to finish. Impose putty in small portions over a large spatula using small. Then applied to the surface evenly. The thickness of the finishing putty layer should be 1.5 to 2 mm.
7. Before putty walls under the wallpaper or paint, you should wait for the complete drying of the starting putty and finish the first layer. After 12 hours the first coat is dry finish putty, and the surface can be prepared for the final phase of spackling. To do this, we put the final coat, waiting for it to dry. Now it can be sanded with a special holder and sandpaper.
Important! Before applying each new layer of putty, it is desirable to process the previous primer.
Plastered of walls for painting different fromputtying walls under the wallpaper as a final polishing surface. For a perfectly smooth surface of the wallpaper is not so important. Sami wallpaper partially conceal roughness. But the ink is critical, especially if you use enamel. Therefore, for grinding walls under the wallpaper fit sandpaper with grain from P80 to P120, and for painting the walls should be sanded with sandpaper with grain from P120 to P150.
Spackling the walls is not so much difficult aslaborious process, requiring time-consuming. All jobs require special attention, but the result will please its elegance and perfection.