How to lay tile in the bathroom
The average person who wants to transform the viewthe bathroom has a minimal construction skills or do not have them at all. A repair in the room is quite complicated, and therefore requires detailed consideration. Even the expensive tiles, laid unprofessional, it looks ugly, but in the worst case will have to redo all the work. To avoid this, this article will consider how to lay tile in the bathroom.
- Home: Projects calculations
- The advantage of ceramic tiles
- Councils wishing to choose wisely
- Surface preparation - tradition
- The alignment before laying
- Priming - an important process
- Rules adhesive preparation
- Proper cutting tiles
- Secrets of a good packing
- tiling technology
- As the floor oblitsevat
- Laying the tiles around obstacles
- Video help beginners
Home: Projects calculations
First, if you think about remodelingpremises, you must first do the project, which specifies the size of new partitions, walls, doors. You also need to analyze whether the pipelines of water supply and sewerage closed in some way, to consider the ventilation system and bring all the data into the project.
Important: access vodozapornoy fixture must be convenient and easy.
Secondly, the future is made up of the lining. This includes such things:
- options contiguity to the electrical and plumbing fixtures;
- Cutting and docking tiles in the corners;
- the width of the joints;
- color trowel fugue;
- design stacking height at different levels, the order of finish different kinds of tiles, borders, friezes, inserts, decor. The choice of color, size, layout options;
- counting the number of tiles in m2 and pieces. Then you need to add to this figure of 5-10% in reserve: The percentage depends on the number of angles and places trimming;
- calculation of the amount of consumables: tile adhesive, fugues, primers. Basically, 4 m2 of surface spent 1 glue bag, 1 kg grout.
The advantage of ceramic tiles
Decorating the bathroom tiles - the most common type of decoration. Why is this stuff so popular? The answer to this question are the advantages of ceramic tiles:
- high strength - the surface is a long period;
- tile does not burn, does not emit toxic substances;
- moisture - in rooms with high humidity indicators is the ideal material;
- wear resistance - this parameter moreAs for the degree of floor tiles, the best proof - subways, shopping places, because there is a huge coating resists the flow of people;
- Slip resistance - additives abrasive sand in fact cause icing anti-slip;
- easy maintenance - enough to wash the tiles with water and wipe with a damp sponge;
- chemical resistance - this coating is not afraid of exposure to alkalis, acids;
- It does not burn.
Councils wishing to choose wisely
All the necessary information can be found on the packaging:
- if the material is intended for walls, it shows the hand;
- black foot on the white background - floor tiles;
- High indicates a repetition of the same icon;
- Increased durability - the foot on the shaded background.
Important: In addition, you should pay attention to the smoothness of edges, absence of cracks.
Surface preparation - tradition
This is not all that difficult. First, you must get rid of the old plumbing, and then taken into the hands of a chisel, hammer and starts fighting off the old tiles.
At this stage, it is important to observe safety measuresPrecautions: wear gloves on his hands, the eye - glasses (they protect from dust and small pieces). Once the tiles repulsed, you need a chisel to remove adhesive residue.
If the walls were painted, should be carefullyclean off the surface, not paying attention to the presence in the sale of special blends modern adhesive designed for laying on a painted wall. Experience Professionals states that qualitative ink adhesion to the substrate - a rare phenomenon.
Important: ignoring this process leads to the fact that after a certain period of time tile begins to move away from the wall (with a cement basis), rising "cloud" and all fall off.
It is very convenient to shoot down the paint with a solid surfacepunch with shovel: high speed, but a lot of noise. It is also possible to peel the paint using a cutting machine with kardschetkoy. When mechanized operation fails, you can use an ax, and the layers of paint that are held loosely, the scraping spatula cycle.
The alignment before laying
Before you put the tiles in the bathroom, you need to properly prepare the surface, because the quality can not be laying in the presence of irregularities.
Note: 80% of a successful outcome - namely smooth surface.
The first step is to inspect the quality ofplaster. If it's something where swollen and ready is about to collapse, it is necessary to clean the surface of masonry. And if the wall is solid, you can proceed to the measurement of geometrical parameters.
This is done with Plummet, whichverified by a vertical wall. It's simple: the cord is unwound in the height of the room, the ceiling is fixed to the wall and then it becomes clear how the wall out of the way. Any deviations need to be adjusted, to count on the "so-goes" you can not, because the tiles - no wallpaper, that is littered with the angle it will be impossible to pull in some way.
The alignment applies to the floor, if the surface of the concrete, it will need a special mixture or a mixture of sand and cement.
Priming - an important process
Also, before you put the tiles in the bathroom,Prime with the wall, it makes for a better adhesion of tile adhesive. Be sure primer is chosen taking into account the specificity of the room, because there is high humidity.
Rules adhesive preparation
This is done in the following way: Water is poured into the mixture in small portions, and then stirred with a mixer, which is attached to the drill. It is advisable to immediately pour the entire mixture, because when you use a drill with a small capacity, the process would be quite problematic. As a result, should get a mixture very liquid consistency (will pop-up on the walls), but not heavy (difficult stretch on the wall).
Proper cutting tiles
First, the tile need to soak for 40-50 minutes. in water. Then the line is marked and it is made a cut glass cutter roller.
The notch is aligned with the edge of the table, is pushed and broken. You can also put a match and at the same time put pressure on both sides, in the end tiles will break exactly on the split.
Important: The incision should be carried out in one motion towards you.
For better convenience, applied specialTile, it differs from the presence of breaking glass cutter mechanism and the large size of the wheel. This thing is very practical, so if the volume of work impressive, better to buy such a device.
Secrets of a good packing
Laying the tiles in the bathroom would be good, butWhen constantly applied levels. But that the seams between the tiles were the same, you should use special plastic crosses (available at hardware store). These crosses may vary in size, they are directly dependent on the value of the seam.
Important: for smooth styling importantly correctly lay out the first row, for this advance is marked level.
For better adhesion of tiles with a solutionsome experts recommend 10 minutes to soak them in water completely. If the tiles to get out of the water and bring it to your ear, you can hear the characteristic hiss, then the water is not yet completely replaced the air from the tile. Then the soaking is necessary to continue.
You also need to know that under the enamel of some speciestiles with similar wetting remain watery spots. Soak this tile is impossible, you just need to wet the inside of her wet brush. Better yet, put a small amount on the tile grout, and then immediately clean off his trowel. This is to ensure that there are no sharp redistribution of moisture.
Making sure that the wall surface is smooth,primed, free of dust, debris, you can proceed to the immediate installation. Works are made from the bottom up, that is, first laid out the first row of the floor, then the next, etc. To the ranks obtained strictly flat on the floor to put rail and align it on the level. 1st row is placed on this rail and horizontal flatness following rows at the corners of the walls are nailed uprights.
Then at the second and subsequent rows in the slats nailed between them stretched a thread and it is necessary to watch strictly horizontal evenness series.
Notched trowel to apply the adhesive on the bottomsurface of the tiles on the wall, and then applied to the base tile. Press down the tiles need a little to distribute the glue evenly. The same procedure is performed with a neighboring tile crosses are inserted between them.
Important: Recommended thickness of the seam - 3-4 mm.
Regarding the gap, it is not onlydecorative sense. If he does not leave, the thermal expansion of tile will crack or become detached. Laying each tile is controlled horizontally and vertically.
It is not always placed on the wall only wholetile, so the surplus in the corners are cut Tile (already mentioned that this tool is more practical). Here it is necessary to take into account one important aspect: if you have no experience of such work, it is difficult to cut off part of the width of less than a few centimeters. Then it is better to use grinder. If such a device is not present, a cut is made Tile and unnecessary piece of neatly breaks off with pliers.
Important: it is desirable to spread the cut tile in the corners, which are then closed with all sorts of cabinets, walk-in shower.
As the floor oblitsevat
How to lay tile on the bathroom floor? In principle, it is placed on the principle described above. Direction work - putting some on the far corner of the door. To blow was smooth, stretched thread, there will be no displacement, and the series will turn out smooth. To test series have been laid on the need to use the horizontal level.
Important: if the room is large, it applied the rule, and it accordingly level.
Glue is applied to the surface of the tile,rap trowel or wooden mallet until then, until the tiles to be on the stretched nylon cord level. If a tile falls below should tear it off and add more solution.
Cleaning the tiles after drying is doneadhesive. The next step - filling fugue joints with a rubber spatula. Fugue is chosen in such a way that was traced harmony with the tiles. Remains fugue cleaned with a damp cloth. When it is selected it is not necessary to buy a sample of the cheapest, but also to use products of unknown manufacturer also do not need to: the joints may crack later.
Laying the tiles around obstacles
So it turns out that the surface is not idealit happens. During laying face with rosettes, sills, doorframes, releases of sewage pipes. A few tips on this subject:
- installation of the tiles around the switch - tilesis applied to the switch, marked marker calling extra space. In marked lines tile is cut, carved on a place in the switch. The accuracy of the work is checked by applying the switch;
- laying around a large pipe - if the tilesrests on a pipe only one angle, it is necessary to make a curved cutting. Take a sheet of thick paper, rests on a prospective place of installation. Then you need to bend all unnecessary, superfluous and paper cut on the lines formed. This will be the template for cutting;
- difficult obstacle - this means that the holeIt falls into several tiles. In this case, each sector is marked by a certain place. Likewise, should you do with all the tiles that fall to the hole.
After the seams amount of work on layingCeramic tiles can be considered as completed. If you want to bring everything to a more ideal state, the tiles can be treated with a special compound. It will give coverage not only extra shine, but also protective properties.
Video help beginners
To the reporting process was more intuitive, offer instructions "tiling in the bathroom" - the video will help to understand the essence of the work.
Adhering to all the tips you can spend quality laying tile enjoy its magnificent views in the bathroom, and for years to come.