Entering the bathroom, you will find oldtile, cracked, or faded in some places? It seems it's time to think about repairs. The first thought visiting you, for sure is to learn more about how to put the tiles on the wall. The process of laying is rather complicated, requires certain skills. But having the desire to make repairs in the apartment with his hands, and you will certainly cope with this difficult task. The main thing is to do everything consistently and very carefully, not rush.
The process of laying tile, as well as other repairwork can be divided into several stages. A closer look at how to properly and accurately lay tile, so it does not please you one year of their appearance.
- Preparation of the surface to be tiled
- How to choose a tile?
- Preparation of adhesive composition
- Technology laying tile
- How to cut tile
- Final stage: grout
Preparation of the surface to be tiled
Qualitative laying tile on the wall will turn out only if there is a flat surface. This is the basis of your success in the work.
Please look around the old plaster. If it is solid, without cracks and blisters, then proceed to the determination of the vertical wall. With the help of a plumb line check the presence of deviations from level. All irregularities, is a few millimeters to one meter, are subject to mandatory leveling plaster or a special solution. Do not think that minor deviations are not able to affect the quality of your work. Tile - rigid material, so any irregularity can lead to serious consequences, which can not be rectified.
Check the vertical walls, go todetermining their squareness. The corners of the room should be 90 degrees, otherwise spend plastering surface. What is the reason? First of all, the future location of plumbing and appliances. For example, if an angle other than directly, it will be necessary to put the bath, you get a gap between its edge and the wall. Therefore, all work on the surface of the preparation is carried out in full.
If necessary, the surface of plasteringWe spend in several layers, waiting for the complete drying of each of them. When laying tiles apply a special tile adhesive, to prevent it from absorbing on the surface of the primer is applied. For complete drying of the soil will take about 5 days, during which it is moistened with water. The next stage of laying tile - directly facing work.
How to choose a tile?
Choosing tile fully depends on the personalpreferences. But there are some important points that need attention. Tiles should be resistant to mechanical and chemical influences, which it will be exposed during its lifetime. Also, we consider when selecting the material resistance to temperature, abrasion resistance pattern, flexural resistance, ability to retain its original appearance under the influence of acids and alkalis.
You should buy only first quality tiles. This is directly related to the fact that for the second class is characterized by a marriage, and might be a difference in shades of pattern and size of the tiles.
Be sure to acquire materialsmall margin, for instance, in case of sudden breakage when cutting tiles. Of course, you can always purchase a number of tiles missing, but guarantee that it will match the color of the original party, you can not give one. So, come to the determination of the required number of tiles with all the responsibility.
Preparation of adhesive composition
Before laying the tile adhesive preparecomposition. Pour mixture in small portions to water and mixed thoroughly using a mixer. As a result of this manipulation we obtain the composition of the desired consistency (not too thin or thick). The mixture must be plastic well reach the surface and not flow off the walls. After cooking, turn to the adhesive stacking process.
It is important! If in the course of work there is a need to absent himself, it is necessary to stir the solution before resuming the laying process.
Technology laying tile
Work on laying the tile holdsequentially moving towards the upper edge. First lay out the lowest number. It serves as a starting point, has a direct impact on the final result. To ensure the evenness of masonry, it is necessary to put on the floor rail, which must be aligned to the standards. The entire first row should be laid on this rail.
Next, you must arrive in the vertical slatsWall corners. This is done to achieve the horizontality of the surface to be laid. Reiki necessarily aligned plumb, not out of habit - "by eye". At the level of the second row and the following nailed into the vertical rails on each side of the nail to the rows behind him, and stretch the yarn between them. With the help of this simple device is very convenient to monitor the horizontal stacking of tiles.
Important! If the floor tiles had not yet laid, the laying of tiles on the wall is carried out from the second row. Previously, of course, determine the exact location of a number of ground tiles. This is due mainly to the fact that the first row of tile on the wall should overlap the floor tiles.
For applying the adhesive typically used serratedputty knife. Glue is applied to the lower edge of the tile, and lightly pressing down to the surface of the base, follow the uniformity of the adhesive on the tile. Similar manipulations are carried out with the neighboring tiles. Between the tiles leaving the distance - a seam in which to insert special crosses. The necessary seam thickness - 2-4 mm.
It should be noted that such a gap does not performonly a decorative function. At the time of thermal expansion of the likelihood of cracking or peeling tile from the bottom is very high if you do not leave the required thickness of the seam.
In the process of laying carefully check the level of each tile horizontally and vertically, controlling the quality of work.
How to cut tile
Ideally, the wall surface YourInstead of determining the number of whole rows of tiles. But, unfortunately, the situation in practice is extremely rare. Thus, reaching the wall angle, we determine the possibility of placing an entire tile. If it does not fit, you should cut off the excess part. Here you can not avoid the question: "How to cut the tiles to get the desired size and shape with smooth edges?"
To perform this manipulation is betteruse a special tool - Tile, having a diamond cutter or pobeditovye. Put the tiles on a flat and smooth surface, and then make an incision along the pre-planned line. Tile cut towards you. After you make cuts, you need to break the tile. Take it by the edges and back of the hit on the edge of the board. It is important to shot hit exactly on the cut line. As a result of work performed correctly obtain the tile with smooth edges.
Of course, in the absence of proper experience difficultcut the tile, which has a width of several centimeters. In this case it is better to use a pair of pliers or tongs. Make the most tiles in one hand, and the second with the help of available tools break off a smaller portion.
Clipped tiles in the corners better laid, the joints are not evident or could they close the cabinets or appliances.
Final stage: grout
After completing the bulk of the work on laying tileon the wall, proceed to the final stage. We wait complete drying of the adhesive and thoroughly cleans the surface of the adhesive, which fell on her. Further, using the puffer the right color, you should fill the joints with a rubber spatula. To get rid of traces of the Fugue, remaining on the tiles, wipe the surface with a damp cloth or sponge.
By choosing the fugue should be approached with greatLiability. Do not trust the dubious manufacturers, as poor quality products can lead to cracking of the joints in the future. Competent grouting strengthens the aesthetic effect of laying a whole, helping to smooth out minor flaws committed during work.
Finally, polish with a soft wallflannel cloth. If you aspire to the ideal, it can be treated with a special composition tile, which will provide additional protection and shine. This process of laying tile on the wall is completed. You coped with this difficult task!