What are the stairs to the second floor
In modern country houses, duplexapartments or offices, private hotels and restaurants, luxurious staircase to the second floor are almost always the most spectacular element around which the entire interior construction. However, this is a serious engineering design, designed to ensure a comfortable and safe passage for residents or guests rooms on the second floor.
- Types and selection criteria stairs to the second floor
- FLOATING - ergonomics in action
- A spiral staircase - small room
- Combined ladder - a balance in all aspects of
- Materials and design of interior stairs
- Variants of wood
- Features stone stairs
- Metal stairs - modern solution
- Photos of interesting solutions in the interiors of different styles
- Rules and regulations of the design during construction
- Support structures
- Properly erect stage
- The angle of inclination of the ladder
Types and selection criteria stairs to the second floor
The most unusual at first glance, staircase to the second floor can be one of three types:
- spiral staircases;
- Combined stairs - arched, curved, combining elements of the first two species.
While it is important aesthetic role of the stairs in the interior configuration of the architectural design is chosen based on the premise of free space, which can be identified by its installation.
Unfortunately, not always liked the stairs of a glossy magazine can be set in a specific room of the house, without losing ergonomics.
FLOATING - ergonomics in action
The most common and easy-to-manufacturestaircase structure, which may consist of one or more marches - linear fragments with steps. In terms of ergonomics is one flight of stairs must not contain more than 16 degrees comfortable width and height. Odnomarshevye stairs are like small country houses, if the area and height of the room allows to fulfill this requirement, or as a connecting element between the two levels located in different functional areas of the room.
The spacious rooms and high lifting onsecond floor of building FLOATING with intermediate platforms or with a rotary element of the winders. In zavisimoti the geometric shape in plan, such ladders are -shaped or U-shaped.
L-shaped staircase - two flights of stairs,located in two adjacent walls of the room at an angle of 90 °, the combined platform, or rotary stages. Option is good for square halls or rooms where the walls of a cupboard furniture, storage systems, and the center of the room is left free for the passage of other home zone.
U-shaped stairway can affordthe owners are very spacious halls and living rooms in country mansions, hotels, offices. In this case the stairs are arranged at an angle of 180 ° relative to each other and connected or platform typically less winders group.
A spiral staircase - small room
The design represents the support rod,around which rise up the spiral stage. In terms of ergonomics, a spiral staircase to the second floor - inconvenient and unsafe, but it has a right to exist, as in a small room does not fit any other staircase design. Area classic spiral staircase in terms rarely exceed 1 square meter, it can be built anywhere in the room, even in the center, and its decorative look will give the interior a special charm and even mystery.
Combined ladder - a balance in all aspects of
This is usually curved arched architectural structure that combines elements of the march and spiral staircases that rise upward, curving smoothly at different angles.
Construction of combined exclusive stairsmost often it dictated not so much constructive relevance as ambitious designer or home owner. However, the most beautiful staircase to the second floor more often than other kinds are just combined.
Materials and design of interior stairs
For the construction of the internal interior stairs are traditionally used:
- a rock
Each of these materials is good both in itself and in combination with each other. Thanks to modern technologies in the construction of the ladder are increasingly appears the glass and new finishing materials.
Variants of wood
The tree is most popular in interiorladder construction: a living natural material can be easily processed, in natural or dyed fits perfectly into the interior of any style, but, most importantly, creates a home warm and cozy special atmosphere.
Odnomarshevaya stairs between the floors of pine -best budget solution for a small garden, and a respectable mansion complex staircase structure of hard and exotic wood often serves as the centerpiece of the living room or hall interior. Particularly spectacular wooden staircase to the second floor, in the decoration that combine several types of wood.
Wooden ladders are almost freefrom defects, apart from the need for periodic updating paint and creaking steps to avoid that it is possible not all the masters.
Features stone stairs
Natural or artificial stone in such ladders used only for lining.
Supporting structures of various shapes fromsimple marching to curved and even spiral assembled from prefabricated concrete blocks or cast in a specially designed formwork. The main advantages of stone stairs - resistance, durability and fire safety.
Metal stairs - modern solution
Versatile, rugged and durable laddermetal on the second floor, in which the metal can serve as the material for the supporting structure, and independent of the interior member. stainless steel or gloss chrome handrails not seem soulless and cold in a fashionable, minimalist interiors. Metal Staircase with wooden stairs and railings wroughtIt seems light and airy as an integral part of any classic interior. Metal Plasticity allows you to give a frame of any shape, but it can sheathe any finishing materials - wood, stone, etc...
Photos of interesting solutions in the interiors of different styles
No matter what material is usedfor the construction of load-bearing frame, the design of the staircase to the second floor is created using those or other finishing materials. Take a look at a slightly different angle on the stairs to the second floor - a photo interesting design decisions will change your ideas about the usual materials:
Rules and regulations of the design during construction
Regardless of decorative and performancepractical function, any stairs - is an engineering construction, which consists of a number of common to all types of product components. To properly build a ladder to the second floor, it is necessary according to the building code to calculate or to pick up an appropriate support structure, the angle of elevation, height and width of the steps.
The basis of the carrier ladder structure that ensures its stability and security, are supporting elements - stringers, string or rails and racks.
Stringers - a solid beam projections, which are mounted on top of stage.
Bowstring - support beam supporting the stage from the side and from below.
Bolz - a German word translates as "pin, pin," and the support member is a bolt connection for attachment directly to the wall of stages.
Rack - the central vertical support of a spiral staircase.
In traditional interiors usually prevailrespectable Saddle stairs or bowstrings a classic spiral staircase design. The innovative design projects of stairs to the second floor can combine in one product are two supporting elements: for example steps without risers can be fastened to the wall rails, and on the outer edge of their support string - a constructive solution for straight and curved transparent stairs in the loft-style, high-tech minimalism.
Sometimes supporting staircase design chosenDepending on the material used. For wooden stairway perfect stringers and metal easier to make a reference design for spiral and curved staircases.
Properly erect stage
The main functional structural elementall ladders. To climb up the stairs was comfortable, it is important to keep the ratio of the depth of the tread and the height of the stage. Tread called horizontal part of steps and the height, ie the distance between the two neighbors stairs - a riser. Planck riser stairs in some models may not be available.
Comfortable considered climbing stairs, do notrequiring artificial increase or decrease the step length or level of instep. stairs designers calculated the optimal variants of the tread depth of the relations and the height of the stage, which can be used in the construction of any ladder groups 16:30 cm; 17:29 cm; 18:28 and 19:29, see, see. Last 19:29 ratio corresponding to 45 th shoe size, acknowledged ideal.
The angle of inclination of the ladder
From the angle of the ladder depends on itergonomics and comfort, as well as the possibility of application of a tread depth of the relations and the height of the steps. Based on centuries-old experience of the ladder construction itself is considered to be a safe and comfortable staircase with a slope relative to the horizontal 30-40 °.
However, this requires a ladder and plenty of space. Owners are not too spacious premises will have to draw a drawing of stairs to the second floor and, armed with knowledge of the school of the Pythagorean theorem, calculate the angle of inclination of concrete stairs in a particular space.
Important! Straight staircase with a slope of 40-50 ° unsafe and extremely inconvenient for frequent use. You may want to choose a more comfortable combined design.
If you do not have the time or inclination to delve intocalculations and rules ladders design, ergonomic, modular stairs to the second, made with all the requirements and standards - your option. Complete modular ladders, straight, curved, spiral, made of wood or metal, can be matched to any style of interior design and floor space, but their main advantage - simple assembly for 3-4 hours like a child's constructor. In this case, the modules of ladders during assembly can be adjusted in height and width, reaching optimal size for the room. Each module modular staircase withstand the weight of up to 200 kg.
We hope that these tips will help you to choose the optimal design, the design and method of execution of the most beautiful and comfortable ladder, which no doubt will be spectacular decoration of your home.