Stairs to the attic with his own hands
Often the desire to turn the attic spacein the attic there is already practical in operation of a country house. Of course, this amount of usable space must not "wasted" and to become the seat of trash and old equipment. Once it decided to begin alterations need a ladder to the attic. And not addl any, which is still needed in the period of the works. Stairs need durable, comfortable, simple for independent production. Her owners have no doubts in the comfort and safety of movement in the attic floor.
- Make a plan and estimates of future work
- Possible variations of stairs
- Calculations for the independent design
- Proper construction technology - photo
Make a plan and estimates of future work
Great, if the construction of attic laddersIt was laid by the designer, if the design was made for precise calculations. However, we are considering autographic stairs production, suggesting that the entire spectrum of work will have to do yourself. The simplest option would be the stairs to the attic from the street. Simple, because they do not need to prodelyvat hatch and change the already established interior. However, most of the owners of even small country cottages prefer to arrange the data structure inside the house, so as not to tempt the representatives of the criminal world more often not the most reliable door.
Forget about the monumental concretedesigns, because we do it to be their own hands. Hence, the manufacturing material is wood. Choosing the recommended hard type, with the ability to reduce the power of the elements without losing the strength characteristics.
Important. Timber construction in front of the stairs must lie in a dedicated room for everything at least 3 days. Choosing the recommended timber last drying chamber. It will not warp, shrink and swell.
Possible variations of stairs
A natural desire of the owner of a countryhome is to save space. It is also desirable that the stairs to the attic with his own hands was done in compliance with all safety rules, to the construction did not create too much shadow. However, the most secure and convenient sloping kind of takes up too much space in the house, too steep turns owners climbers, and use it in almost extreme.
The following types of structures are used to ensure the free movement of the attic:
- Stairway. For the construction of the cruise kosour designs can be used, 2 support rails or string. Most often, in order to save space suit staircase with two flights, between which the landing or winders. Odnomarshevy option takes up too much space, but it can be done under the utility room or closet.
- Compact spiral staircase to the attic. For a complete autographic manufacturing unnecessarily complex type. The easiest way to buy ready-made factory set with spinal frame - stringers and collect it, guided by the manufacturer's instructions.
Rely on kosour design can be asscrew and sustainer. Their priority in operational assembly factory modules made of steel alloys and / or from the timber. But if there is no financial capacity to buy a ready-made kit, ladder, resting on two wooden ridge can be done yourself.
Calculations for the independent design
The determining parameters are the stairs:
- lift height, ie, the distance from the floor to the ceiling surface plus the thickness of the upper floors of the cake;
- Square buildings in the plan, which determines the width of the stairs to the attic and its steepness, as well as the size of the hatch;
- the width of the tread - a characteristic often makes me the type of construction and make a new project.
Draw foot on the step should be full, buttoo big, too, this value should not be. Optimally do stage 30 cm wide (max 32 cm, min 20 cm). If there are winders, the smallest width of 10 cm. The height of the riser from 15 to 19 cm. The standard width of a march from 80 cm to 100 cm maximum.
Necessarily should be fencing elements andhandrails, they require not only the design of the stairs to the attic. The purpose of the device with a handrail balusters is to ensure the comfort and safety. Not only do they may be the case if the structure is placed between the two walls.
Further, on the basis of the plan, determined by the slopeladder: Technology least 20º, maximum 40-45º. This parameter can also be adjusted to make the project a stairway, it can affect the number of steps and the area of the construction plan. After gathering information, making calculations and figure out how to make the stairs to the attic, you can safely proceed to its manufacture.
Proper construction technology - photo
If there was no overlap of the upper hatch, thenconstruction of stairs to start with him. Flooring and floor saw saw through the circulation by the exact layout, and then remove all unnecessary.
- The data obtained mark out the stringers, thencut out their electric jigsaw so that the outside was "clean cut". The outer edge of the stringers freziruyut treated with sandpaper and adjusted to the ideal sander. In the blanks kosoura-frame necessary to make cuts under the stairs.
Attention. Be sure to make sure that the cuts are straight, parallel to match the level of the recesses for the installation steps.
- According to the design parameters required to do the number of steps to facilitate the installation by milling a groove formed under the castle.
- Mounting construction begin with the installation of wall kosoura, resting on the bottom of the floor, on top of a support.
- Opposite the same frame member is placed opposite the first part of the project on the size, location and checking the parallelism level.
- Then fully construct the frame, while openings in upholstery trim boards, if their intended use.
- At the end of the provisions of their place risers installed first, then the stage after them elements of fences and balustrades.
If you were made for mounting on the stepsthe ridges and grooves on kosour to connect the elements of the timber is sufficient component adhesive type Titebond. To enhance the aesthetic parameters wooden stairs to the attic is covered with varnish. You can paint or just to cover the special composition with flame retardants and antistatic agents. While there is a dry varnish or paint it is necessary to ventilate the room.
It's easy to construct a staircase to the attic: photo to help visualize the process. It is possible that complications may be associated with the design, but the real difficulties of this process can be entrusted to specialists. With manufacturing elements for certain kind of designer handle every handyman. But the result of his work with pleasure and a sense of reliability to be used by all members of the household.