Selection of the best photo-ideas of the stairs to the second floor. How to choose the right ladder. Wooden, metal screw and others.
One-story houses do not seem to us long agoInteresting. In addition, it is multi-storey buildings that allow even more space to be created in a limited area. In order to organize access to the upper floors you need to use a ladder, which you can either do yourself, or buy in a construction shop.
- Types of stairs to the second floor
- Characteristics of wooden stairs
- Metal stairs: advantages and disadvantages
- Styles: which one do you like?
- Different rooms - different stairs
- What are the steps to install in a private house?
- Let there be light: all the rules of illumination
- Do yourself: the stairs to the second floor and its decoration
Provided that you decided to build a ladderAlone, you can create an individual design, especially since such designs can be made of a wide variety of materials, such as glass, metal, stone or wood. To a greater extent, the choice of a staircase for a house depends on the area of the room, as well as what space is allocated specifically for the stairs.
Types of stairs to the second floor
Most often in private houses or in apartments are erected marching stairs. This type of stairs is divided into subspecies depending on the design.
|Types of stairs|
|Stairs on the Kosaur||Are made of concrete, wood or metal. They consist of beams, which are individually attached to the base.|
|Stairway on the bowstring||Have a complex construction. The steps are attached to the inside of the beam.|
|Ladder on the heights||It is made of wood or steel. All parts are bolted together.|
|Spiral staircase||They consist of a bar, handrails and steps. Made of metal or wood.|
On the Kosaur
The stairway on the Kosovra is considered the mostPopular view. This type of staircase can perfectly fit into different rooms, because they can vary in size, and also have great strength and are among the safest. Such staircases can be made both without risings, and with them. The method of fixing the steps directly depends on the number of beams that are attached to the base. There can be two or one.
KOSOURA in these staircases can be:
Configurations of this type of staircase can beDifferent, in connection with which it is possible to create a truly unique ladder on its own template. So, for example, for a house decorated in a classic interior, a staircase made of stone or wood on the approaches is better.
Here are a few photos of the stairs on the Kosovars.
On the strings
Stairs on the bowstring - this elegant piece of architectural art, so they can not do without, if you want to emphasize the wonderful sense of style and taste of the owner.
This ladder has the following characteristics:
- Beautiful appearance;
- Convenience of movement;
- Complex construction.
The advantage of such ladders is thatThey perfectly fit both the classic interior and modern. By the way, the ladder is intended not only for private houses, but also for other types of premises (for example, museums). Steps in such a ladder are attached from the inside to the support beam.
On the Bolts
This type of staircase is mainly made ofSteel, but also it can be made of wood. Connect all the elements of the ladder to each other with special bolts and pins. The appearance of these stairs is quite simple and weightless, but they are able to withstand a rather large weight, an approximate load of up to 200 kg. This can be explained by the fact that the beam is mounted to the wall, ceiling or floor by metal rods.
As for the steps, they can beOpen or closed, and also have a different intricate form that you like. If necessary, such a ladder is very easy to disassemble or repair, this is its main advantage.
Spiral or spiral staircases useIt is especially popular for installation both in houses and in apartments. They consist of a bar, handrails and steps. The most suitable for small rooms, in addition, they can even save space.
Separate these types of spiral staircases:
Can be made of metal or wood. The uniqueness of the design is that with one side they are attached to the wall, and the other - to the central rack.
Characteristics of wooden stairs
It's no secret that it is wooden stairsAre considered to be one of the most popular versions of such structures. This is not surprising, because the tree is a very strong and reliable material, which for many years has proven itself on the best side.
Wood is by right one of the first places inThe list of materials that are most often used to make stairs. By the way, the structure of these stairs do not differ from the same, only made of other materials, because their design also includes staircases and marches, as well as railings and stairs.
For the stairs to the second floor can be built from one to three flights of stairs. The most commonly used are two-march designs.
As for the method of fixing the steps, the stairs can be divided into the following types:
- Odnokosouornye (in this form one of the ends of the stage is mounted in the wall, while the opposite one is attached to the oblique);
- Two-legged (this type of staircase assumes that both ends of the steps rest on either strings or strings);
- Bezkosouurnye (one of the ends of the stage with this method of fastening has no support, and the second is mounted in the wall).
If you mount unfair ladders, then it is worth taking into account the fact that the thickness of the brick wall should be at least 1.5 bricks for reliable attachment.
Well-known fire safety rulesForbid to install in private houses, wooden stairs, having more than two marches. In such cases, it is worthwhile to fasten the steps to the Kosovars or to special strings whose reliability is worthy of special attention. The moisture content of the wood should in no case exceed 12%.
If we take into account the aestheticComponent, it is much better in this case to look stairs with oblique. True, such a design can be weakened by cutouts for the steps, which must certainly be on these stairs. It is possible to secure the structure as much as possible thanks to a beam with a large cross-section.
The width of wooden stairs should not be less thanEighty centimeters. It is possible to explain such necessity by convenience of moving. In addition, it is much more comfortable to move on a wide staircase, rather than on a narrow staircase. As for the depth of the steps, it should not be less than 30 cm, since the foot on it should be firmly attached. The average step height, as a rule, is 15 cm, but in some cases can be increased depending on the manufacturer of the stairs.
Metal stairs: advantages and disadvantages
Such stairs are incredibly reliableConstruction, and they are considered more durable than wooden stairs. Of course, qualitatively made metal stairs are able to withstand a much greater load than similar structures made of wood. In addition, taking into account the excellent safety and strength characteristics, the metal ladder is ideal for use in apartments.
Even if you buy finished metalLadder, you can easily make or order a fit for your individual needs, because modern equipment can easily do this.
Very rarely in modern interiors, all-metal constructions are used, which are clearly inferior to the leading positions in combining ladders.
Most often, metal is used in combination with:
Thanks to this, you can greatly facilitateConstruction, thus making it much more practical. For example, stairs with a metal frame and glass, plastic or wooden steps look impressive.
Thanks to this trick the metal ladder can easily join any interior without burdening it.
Perhaps, among the advantages of metal stairs can be identified the following:
- Long service life;
- The ability to combine curved and straight lines;
- Variety of forms;
- Low price.
As for the shortcomings, it is possible to single out only one:
- Laborious process of coating with protective staircases.
And, to put it mildly, this deficiency is quite significant, because a poor coating leads to further corrosion.
Welding is also a very importantThe construction of such stairs, because it is able to secure the finished structure. Of course, the process is quite rude and time consuming, so you should trust it exclusively to professionals, so that they do not damage the aesthetic appeal of your staircase. After all, in the future it will be extremely difficult to smooth such a flaw in the metal ladder.
To date, you can either orderIndividual design of the metal staircase, or purchase a prefabricated kit. Naturally, the duration and cost of such two different projects will differ, and also completely depend on the complexity and components that will be required to create such a ladder.
It is not easy to accurately indicate a clear price range, withConfidence can only be argued that much cheaper than you will cost screw metal stairs than the flight of stairs made of the same material.
Styles: which one do you like?
As for tips for choosing a style of staircase,They will be trivial as ever: choose the one that fits best in the interior of your house or apartment. And to make it easier for you to decide, let's consider the basic styles.
This type of staircase is the mostPopular and this is not surprising, because the designs of this type differ from others by their conciseness and direct forms. The appearance of the classical stairs is rather refined and is characterized by the presence of exquisite wooden patterns and stucco moldings.
Many masters can decorate the client's requestFinished product of various open-work paintings, which are even better suited to the interior, performed according to classical principles. Also such designs favorably differ conservativeness of solutions and elegance.
Characteristic for this design are:
- Aged surfaces artificially;
- Complex configurations.
Thanks to these staircases, you canFill the house with comfort and comfort. However, in this case, the whole style of the room must necessarily correspond to this image. For example, deliberately elegant design of the staircase will be able to emphasize frayed frescoes and antique furniture. Ideal material for such constructions is stone, also metal or wood.
The most suitable material for such structures is stone, ceramics, polished metal or glass.
The distinctive features of the high-tech style are:
- Simple solution in the design;
- Original motifs;
- Unusual patterns.
So, for example, multi-colored Staircase in the hallway Style hi-tech can look very laconic.
Provence or rural style is characterized byAbundant use of textiles in the interior. If you make out the stairs in the same style, then it will not be shameful to use textiles and on the steps (for example, carpet).
It is very important to select colors correctly so that theyCombined with each other. The tone here is set by the ladder marches with the material from which they are built. It is recommended to use natural wood (pine, alder, birch, oak).
Not alien to the style of Provence and natural stone, from which you can also make stairs. In this case, rough stone steps best complement bright mats on it.
The staircase, created in the classic American style, must necessarily correspond to the interior of the premises, so the design should choose the right one.
Used in such structures mainlyExpensive wood species, as well as other natural materials. A characteristic difference from other types of stairs can be considered a large number of threads, warm colors and bent handrails. Similar designs can also contain various inserts with a variety of ornament, coats of arms, as well as their combinations.
The manufacture of stairs in the presented style is quite expensive, but professionals argue that such prices are fully justified.
Loft style in stair design
This style is a combination of the oldAnd new. Alternatively, the term "new" can be understood as the use of metal and glass, and the old can be wood or stone. This style is ideal for both apartments located in the urban jungle, and for rich country houses, in which they emphasize the refined and undeniable taste of the owners.
Different rooms - different stairs
Of course, choosing the type and style of the staircase for your house, no less attention should be paid to the type of room for which it is intended.
In the hall
Most often the installation of stairs to the second floorIs made in the hall. Sometimes this leads to a real horror of the owners, because the cumbersome design is able to completely choke the already small hallway. But do not despair, because the staircase can not only not spoil, but also make the interior of the hall much more interesting, adding to it light and height.
For example, for a private house is idealLight structures with wide apertures. Combine all the elements of the room into a single unit is capable of a wooden construction, made in a classical style.
In the living room
Increasingly popular in private homes orMulti-level apartments use living rooms with stairs to the second floor. Moreover, it is quite simple to make such a design as harmonious and original as possible.
The space that appeared under the stairs can become a good storage room or a stylized shelf for books.
Quite often, owners are afraid to put stairs inLiving room, so as not to make design heavier, but such fears are absolutely groundless, because following the key rules, you can make a ladder almost weightless and ideally pouring into the interior.
A staircase is, of course, a large one, but stillElement of the interior, so it should never be knocked out of the overall composition. For example, if the living room with a staircase is not very large, then do not decorate the design of various forged elements, which really can make the atmosphere more difficult. To make such a ladder almost imperceptible, it is better to use minimal design.
Very interesting will be the design, in which the wall near the stairs is decorated with a mosaic, so that you can significantly expand the space.
What are the steps to install in a private house?
A very important stage in the construction of multi-storey private houses is the installation of stairs.
The most popular types of stairs for a private house are:
Can be used either wooden, or reinforced concrete, or metal, or combined ladders.
Provided that the stairs in the private house will beSet in a separate room, you need to think about its coverage. Naturally, the best option will be natural light, which can be obtained thanks to the projected window, as well as lighting at night.
Let there be light: all the rules of illumination
In order to properly build lighting stairs, you need to take into account a lot of nuances, each of which is a pledge of a qualitative embodiment of the idea.
Provided that the room has a stained glass windowOr a window that allows a lot of light, only a few bulbs will be enough to illuminate the whole ladder march. The meaning of the idea is quite simple: at night, the lighting will provide artificial lights, and in the daytime natural light will take care of this.
To the illumination of different types of stairs isApproach differently. For example, for a single-staircase ladder, automatic fixtures at the end and beginning of the march are best suited. But screw structures will require a more detailed approach. Quite an interesting solution will be to highlight the steps of the stairs.
Of course, the longer the stairs rise, the brighterYou need to choose lamps, because you need to light a large area, so you can feel as comfortable as possible. Ideal for long marches will be diffused light, while spotlights will perfectly suit short stairs.
Light on the stairs can be:
Light sources can be:
When choosing the lighting sources it is worthwhile to drawFocus on the overall level of light in the room, as well as its directivity and brightness. If the staircase takes a few spans, then the perfect lighting option will be general lighting fixtures that will evenly distribute the light so that it does not irritate the eyes.
But the long chandeliers for the stairs will be quiteThe original version, which will give the room the necessary refinement. If you want to achieve maximum respectability, then choose multi-tier chandeliers that will decorate staircases.
Light cast iron railings and ladders, which are dominated by forged items, can be achieved thanks to a forged chandelier, created on a metal frame.
But the main lighting should not beThe only one, therefore, designers recommend using local luminaires, which will perfectly cope with the lighting of the steps. Sources of lighting in this case should be fixed on the walls just above the height of a person in order not to blind the eyes. If there is such a need, they can be decorated with scatterers or lampshades.
In addition, the role of luminaires canA variety of floor lamps or table lamps installed at the entrance to the stairs. Often used and sconces, which will help create an additional comfort, highlighting the beauty of the design.
For the interior, decorated in the style of high-tech,The best option for lighting are spotlights that are located above the steps or are built into them. The only drawback is that you need quite a few lamps to illuminate the ladder sufficiently. As a possible alternative, you can use LED lighting.
Often there is a need for additionalLighting railing or lifting. For this, it may be necessary to arrange the fixtures at the entrance and exit of the staircase. Provided that the length of the stairs is quite large, then you need to arrange the lighting and along it. If there is such a need, it is possible to equip the railing with special fluorescent cords.
Do yourself: the stairs to the second floor and its decoration
In a multi-storey house, the staircase isAn integral element. If you take into account the technical point of view, then we can confidently say that almost every person who has a left and right hand (and not two leftists) can make a ladder, it is only necessary to know the basic rules.
Undoubtedly, the sequence of works is a component of success, therefore it is necessary to adhere to it. Do not forget about the technical recommendations for work.
More owners of cottages and multi-levelApartments refuse the services of professionals (quite often questionable) in favor of self-erecting structures. Moreover, modern manufacturers of materials for construction can offer the whole range of materials and tools for the construction of stairs. And the instruction will not be difficult to find in the World Wide Web.
If you decide to do it yourself, thenThe first thing to take care of is the development of the project, on which the quality of the future structure directly depends. Alas, all the inaccuracies and mistakes of the project will inevitably affect the design in a negative way. Therefore, it is important to pay enough attention to design.
When designing, it is necessary to take into account such factors:
- Type of fastening;
- Calculation of all necessary measurements;
Starting the construction of the staircase, the first thingIt is necessary to build a reliable frame, which can then withstand the construction. Materials that should be used for this task can be diverse, mainly concrete, wood or metal.
You can install additional itemsOnly after the frame equipment. With the help of screws, wooden stairs can be mounted. The level of fastening must be kept clearly, otherwise there will be no comfortable conditions for operation.
At the final stage it is worth to make finishingWork. If you built a wooden ladder, then you need to treat the surface with special compounds that will prevent rotting. But for metal structures you need to use anti-corrosion agents.
As you can see, erecting a ladder with your own hands is not an easy task, you just have to have the desire and patience to build a beautiful staircase that will only decorate the interior of the house.