Metal as building material formanufacture of stairs, on the background of other options selects the optimum carrying capacity and operational longevity. Its technological qualities allow the creation of small-sized, light-weight design of the configuration of any type and complexity, metal stairs fit perfectly in almost any interior composition. They are installed, both inside and outside buildings, are in household and the central premises presentable.
- Classification of metal ladders
- Structural differences, types
- Variations on combining
- Features self-construction
- An example of the construction of the elementary structure
- steps tree trim Technology
An additional advantage - a simple ladder welded metal can be done independently, and to get experience and skills to start a handwritten exclusive manufacturing facilities.
Classification of metal ladders
By design features ladderMetal: external and internal do not differ from analogues of concrete and wood. According to the typical standards and rules for them are drawn projects, selected the most rational form. According to the method of manufacture, they can be forged and welded. Forging technique, of course, you need to master for too long, but for the welder skills quite a few practical lessons.
Structural differences, types
The most common types of project which can be realized personally, include:
- designs with metal stringers - a kind of ridges, which are installed level;
- Metal ladders and rails - structures without frames, consisting of individual steps, are attached to the supporting wall by means of special bolts;
- construction on sloping supporting beams - bowstrings, between which a tread and risers, or only the tread;
- spiral staircases with spirally arranged stairs and carrying the central column;
- prefabricated metal stairs, consisting of modules made in the factory, the construction process of the assembly resembles a simple children's designer.
Draw a metal structure can only overlap. To improve the reliability of support can be installed under the staircase under the stairs with a segment zabezhnymi steps.
Sites can also lock the console andRack hide in the wall. The function of the support member by a metal ladder can successfully perform a concrete or brick wall specially built interior.
Variations on combining
Technological remarkably durable materialcombined with any type of finish, with wood, concrete, brick, natural stone, glass, and its organic counterpart. Any kind of metal stairs can be equipped with protections: the photo shows how wonderfully looked facilities with standard vertical balusters and handrails traditional. Instead of the standard elements parallel prokidy, glass or perforated steel screens, hand-forged and carved wood can be used.
Note. Details of fencing can be attached to the metal stairs in two ways: mounted on a stage or fixed welded or bolted to the end stage.
Depending on the specifics of the operational anddictate the style of carrying the metal elements can be supplemented by concrete steps from expanded metal, porcelain, reinforcing steel, corrugated iron and others. In the hall country house will look great metal staircase with wooden steps, built on the original project. Its more modest analogue successfully provide communication between the household premises, or help arrange a separate entrance to the attic floor.
Installed outside the building staircase canbe completely metal, but created only one means of internal metal interstorey posts will delight users with pleasant tactile sensations and warmth. Inside, it is desirable to use finishing. And the staircase made of metal can be equipped not only with standard varieties of steps, it is useful carpet, wear-resistant laminate, parquet dies, veneering ceramic.
welder required for the manufacture,mechanical saw and emery wheel to remove burrs. If you intend to trim the wood, it is still circulating and saw, clamp for the temporary joining of parts and drill bits for metal to form the holes for the screws.
According to the project created in advance on the implementation ofwhich can be read in the corresponding article, calculated as required meter metal profile, pipes, steel sheets and steel reinforcement. Note that worthy metal ladder with their hands will be cooked after a series of practical exercises, the course of which you can also pass your own video and description.
For the manufacture of load-bearing beams (kosoura or string) is recommended to use channels, I-beams fit, good material angled steel pipe with a rectangular cross-section.
An example of the construction of the elementary structure
This simple ladder from their metalconstructed arms will be put to the edge of the sill with the size 8-10. If you intend to follow-lining for the production steps can be used sheet steel, for outdoor constructions steps required sheets with relief, suitable extruded metal slatted flooring or similar material with anti-slip properties. For fences will need angle steel, to carry out poles for the tread reinforcement.
- From the valve needs to be done on project size fillies - congruent to each other support device mounted on the beam.
- For that part of the mare, which immediately "lay down" stage, you need to weld the mounting brackets.
- To put on an edge u-mare should be welded on accurate pre-made layouts.
- To achieve the full identity of the secondchannel is recommended to apply to u-beam welded to the already fillies and adjust the layout in case otkloneniy.Obratite attention. For ladder device with a standard width of up to 1 meter is enough to make two kosoura or string. More extensive construction need to be equipped with three or more beams.
- Then all the components of a metal ladder come together through arc welding, if all made of metal or of a wooden steps.
- The finished structure should be primed and cover protecting against corrosion composition.
Bearing elements for mounting steps can be welded of channel racks, metal corners, welded to the joists.
A more complex version of - production of metal stairs with carved from thick sheet steel sawtooth bowstring. Cutting the need to very carefully, thoroughly observing the dimensions.
steps tree trim Technology
Assume decided that the outer metalSteps will be equipped with wooden plates for treads. Before performing the trim tabs have to assess the likelihood of additional fasteners.
- On the steps of the metal is marked the location of the holes for the screws or bolts with washers, the frequency of 15 cm. From the end of the hole must retreat at least 2 cm.
- By the metal treads mounted substrateplywood. Her mount is made by a specific assembly adhesive with filling effect, it is not wrinkled after curing. Filling the void glue will help to eliminate defects, even with the inevitable qualitative performance svarke.Vnimanie. Attach the mounting substrate in the foam is impossible, since it is not resistant to wrinkling.
- Two clamps lining of the timber is fixed on a metallic tread and fasten with screws through drilled holes in the bottom or open podtaet bolts and screws.
Learn simple techniques and learn how to cookmetal ladder, you can safely proceed to a simple device structure, leading, for example, in the cellar. And then already an experienced performer will be quite able to make a more complex, more aesthetic design, handwritten production which is not a sin, and will boast.