Grab bars and handrails for stairs
Perilla is called fencing differentconfiguration which, firstly, serves to provide a comfortable movement along the ladder and to avoid human fall outside walling, and secondly, are quite noticeable interior element. Handrails - a narrower concept, which corresponds to the top of the railing, it is for the person holding them when ascending or descending the stairs. Railings and handrails for stairs - an integral part thereof, and any reservations in this case is not provided. The absence of fences and handrails on the stairs is a serious violation of safety rules, so the designers and builders usually object to those customers who, for whatever reasons, want to do without this feature.
- What is the difference between the railings and handrails?
- Requirements for ladders
- Advantages and disadvantages of different materials
- How to install?
What is the difference between the railings and handrails?
In order to avoid confusion, it should be clearlyimagine the difference between the railings and handrails, as the same ladder possible combinations of elements guardrails made of different materials, which will be an organic look in the interior. However, non-specialists are often called hand rails, and vice versa, which could lead to misunderstandings with designers, builders, consultants stroymagazinov.
Railings are an integral part of the designstairs, so it is assumed that they are made should be the same style and of the same material, although today some designers suggest experimenting in these areas. In most cases stairs made of metal or wood. The range of materials for the manufacture of handrails slightly wider - apart from metal and wood found glass railings for stairs and railings made of PVC.
Requirements for ladders
Whatever material is chosen, do not forget some of the rules are common to all types of fences and binding in terms of safe operation of the stairs:
- the outer side of the ladder should be equipped with handrails;
- if the ladder width less than one meter, then at least one side must be installed railing or railing, even if the ladder is limited on both sides, such as walls;
- if the width of the stairs more than one meter, the railings should be installed on both sides;
- if there are stairs winders, the side where they are wider, have to be railing.
The height of the railing on the stairs as wellIt regulated: it is assumed that it is on average equal to the distance from the foot to the human stomach, so the intercommunication staircase, railing height should not be less than 90 centimeters, and the maximum distance between the uprights shall not exceed 15 centimeters.
Important! If stairs are children, these figures were respectively 150 and 10 centimeters. Also fencing design should be such that small children can not climb on them.
Advantages and disadvantages of different materials
Railings and stairs railings can be madefrom one material or combinations of different metals, wood, glass or PVC. Each of the options has advantages and disadvantages, which are beginning to get to know better the ladder installation.
The most common material for railing, and,especially for wood handrails considered. Even if the fence itself is scheduled to do another material, experts advise to install wooden handrails for stairs or their imitation pvc. Railings for staircases of wood are popular for several reasons, including the increased use of wood as a building material, non-elite affordability of wood, ecological and texture of wood products. This is especially true of handrails, because it is in contact with them the human hand in the operation of the ladder.
However, the wooden stair and havedisadvantages, of which the most unpleasant considered their comparative fragility, limitation of use (mainly for interior decoration, as the tree is susceptible to various external influences such as moisture, heat, extreme temperatures) and the high cost of wood.
If for any reason as a treefence does not fit, you can install metal railings for staircases that are reliable, affordable, fit harmoniously into the interior, decorated in any style. Some people think that metal railings for the stairs is not so pleasant to the touch, like wood, but this belief is largely mistaken - moving cool surface handrails made of metal or stainless steel does not cause repelling sensations. But if prejudice is still more rational arguments can be set on a metal fence wood handrails, which will give the whole structure a complete form.
Railings for staircases of metal have anotheran important drawback - the fence simple standard form, simple to manufacture affordable to almost all, but the intricate openwork wrought iron railings for staircases that are a source of pride and envy hosts guests, will cost considerably more expensive.
As an alternative, you might consider setting in placehabitual balusters made of wood or metal decorative glass inserts, which are now considered the most elegant and refined. Extensive glass decoration will make it possible to realize the most unexpected designs.
If the ladder on a plan the customer hasan unusual shape or too steep bend the wood or metal can not cope with the task. But handrails for stairs pvc suitable for just such occasions: their main advantage - the possibility of bending by using special equipment and extra - such handrails can simulate the texture of wood, they are durable and practical.
How to install?
Skilled craftsmen claim that to make a stair with your hands is quite possible, if you follow clear instructions and do not violate the basic rules of installation:
- before you make a railing for the stairs, you should make all necessary calculations, taking into account other factors (eg, the use of the stairs children or the elderly);
- then make marks on the wall, which is expected to set the railing, and on the surface on which to set the reference balusters, supporting the entire fencing construction;
- when the work has been done, you can install a simple balusters and handrail fasteners.