Fireplaces made of bricks with their hands
Fireplace brings calm and peace in thehomely atmosphere, giving warmth and comfort. Live flames are able to give a pleasant pastime among loved ones. Construction of the fireplace in the apartment is associated with many difficulties, but the owners of cottages and private houses are able to arrange a brick fireplaces alone and without the help of professionals. Fireplace is a conventional oven, feature an open furnace. The exterior looks like a small niche in the wall.
- Projects of brick fireplaces
- Materials for the construction of the fireplace
- Works on the device of the foundation
- Masonry fireplace made of bricks
- Construction of the chimney
- Metal elements for the fireplace
- Design fireplaces and interior style
It is noted that the furnace and brick fireplace have small emissivity. Therefore, the heating system, consisting only of the fireplace in the cold winter will not be enough.
Projects of brick fireplaces
There are several fireplaces projects distinguished by their design:
- Closed fireplaces made of brick - for the location of the required minimum of space, which distinguishes them from other types. It should be noted that the closed fireplaces are erected during construction of the house;
- Semi fireplaces made of brick - area balance between open and closed furnace tipami.Takie are attached to the wall or placed inside it, occupying a small area. The undeniable advantage of getting the fact that the construction of the half-open fireplaces possibly built building;
- Open fireplaces made of brick - the most appropriate model for large rooms. They are arranged in the central part of the room, the warmth spreading in all directions;
- Corner fireplace brick - is intended for heating of adjacent rooms.
Materials for the construction of the fireplace
During the construction of brick fireplaces are usedbuilding materials: cement, red brick, clay, crushed stone, sand and gravel. When choosing carefully inspected bricks their surface, it should be a uniform structure, with no blind spots. If you hit the hammer on the brick quality, it must be rang out and clear sound.
Works on the device of the foundation
Any construction work requires care. Due to the fact that the weight of the fire may reach up to 1,000 kg, then for its construction requires a separate foundation. The ideal option would be the inclusion of works by his unit in the civil construction project, but even the desire to build an oven - fireplace made of bricks in an already finished the cottage or the house can be done with the terms and conditions carefully calculate the load acting on the load-bearing structures.
The dimensions of the foundation are determined by the size of the partiesfireplace, an increase of 10 or 15 cm. At the foundation of the building and the future, as yet, the foundation of the fireplace is necessary to leave about 5-6 cm to fill with sand, which will prevent the appearance of cracks on the mantelpiece shrinkage. The depth of the excavation for the foundation depends on the number of floors of the cottage:. One-floor house - 50-60 cm, two-floor - at least 80 cm for normal soil at the bottom cushion is arranged sand and loose soil on the use of sand and gravel. Each layer is subject to a thorough wetting, sealing and check for level.
As construction material for the foundationfrequently used rubble concrete. Please do the formwork, its internal dimensions must correspond to the dimensions of the foundation. To ensure waterproofing the walls are covered with bitumen inside, tar paper, roofing material. Decking should be installed on the base, inside of which a first layer of stacked large rocks and cracks formed backfilled with gravel. The layer is then filled with a solution comprising one part cement, three parts sand.
From above stack several layers of rubble,with each layer must be filled with cement. Top of the basement thoroughly leveled, check the level and cover with plastic wrap. The top layer should be between 5 and 7 cm below the clean floor. A week later, the foundation is ready fully to the construction of masonry.
The main stage before actually beginningConstruction work is to create poryadovkoy - drawing each row. All brick rows are drawn on a paper sheet, and then enumerated by. This makes a note of what the bricks will be used (whole, half or three-quarter).
For each type of fireplaces poryadovkoy has its own characteristics. Take, for example, corner fireplaces of brick - drawings show the shape of the fire and helps to understand the principle of masonry.
At this stage, also prepared drawings of fireplaces made of brick, reflecting facade and sections.
Masonry fireplace made of bricks
At the initial stage of this phase mustmark on the wall contours of the fireplace. Finished basement is covered with a double layer of tar paper, roofing material for waterproofing. It should be noted that the first bricks are laid to dry thoroughly fit. When vykladyvanii podtopka on the inside definitely use firebrick, skived surface which is closed masonry.
After the preparatory worklaid back and side walls of the fireplace, the thickness should be up to 20 cm. First placed corner bricks, horizontal masonry is verified on the level. Next, you need to put the outer row, in the middle of last resort is laid out.
Before you build fireplaces made of bricks with their handsShould be rinsed in water firebrickto remove accumulated dust. Conventional bricks must be soaked for 30 seconds in order to come out the air bubbles. Seams should be made thinner, and then carefully filled with mortar. Its surplus generated during vnutritopochnom space to be removed. In places turns and restrictions should be sought for laying rounded. To perform its functions fireplace greatly affected the smoothness of the inner surfaces, which is why attention when laying should be taken to ensure that only the smooth faces of bricks have been sent in. Small dents should wipe with a cloth, which had been previously soaked in a clay solution.
Masonry fireplace should be carried out in sequence, each successive number is necessary to spread after the end of the previous row of masonry.
Construction of the chimney
When the execution of works suited to the finalstep is necessary to build a stack. Rows of red bricks spread with the use of cement-sand mortar. The important point necessary to brick fireplaces for the cottages, private homes, cottages functioned without problems, it is to prevent the ingress of precipitation into the pipe. For this purpose, the hearth or tin cap, made of galvanized iron.
Metal elements for the fireplace
The metal frame for the fireplace insert must befixed using the cold-worked steel strip of strips - 3 mm clasps which are placed in a masonry joint, and then filled with a solution. Clasps can replace bundles of annealed wire having a diameter of 2 mm. Vyushechnye doors, ovens attached to the masonry with steel annealed wire.
In a metal the thermal expansion coefficient greater than that of brick. Therefore, between the frame and masonry firebox door should be used asbestos gasket thickness of 5 mm.
Metal elements are installedadjusted coefficient of thermal expansion, providing gaps of 5 to 10 mm. The upper frame of the door of the furnace must not be used as a support for the brickwork, it is better to use the jumper from the brick "castle" or overlap, canted floor. An ideal variant is minimal use of metal parts.
Design fireplaces and interior style
The design of the fireplace must be in harmony withthe existing interior design, it is necessary to prevent imbalance. Today, Fireplaces design of brick can be varied, presented in a classical direction, and in a modern style. Very often, following the old Russian tradition, do mantel tiles. Fireplace with the design brings comfort and originality to any interior. The following shows the tiled fireplaces made of brick: a photo - a selection of different styles.
For lovers of minimalism can not complicate the process of finishing works and leave the fireplace with brick walls, after having painted their limestone or chalk or paint to paint the joints only.
Fireplace decoration is not only interior, but alsoin general the whole room. It is a place of rest, giving rest, warmth, tranquility and comfort. Construction of the fireplace with your hands is quite a difficult process that requires focus and concentration.