Fireplace - a place of family gatherings, warm and cozyArea, which is located in a quiet conversation and stories about the pressing matters. This oasis of peace and comfort, and attracts all home. But before you get in front of a fireplace in a comfortable easy chair, you have to work hard to create the atmosphere of well-being and harmony that brings the indispensable attribute of any country house. One of the stages of construction of the hearth is lined fireplaces. That is how and what will be decorated the facade of the fireplace is largely dependent, and style of the room, and the durability of this element of the interior.
- Pros finishing natural stone
- The choice facing stone
- Technology cladding with natural stone fireplace
- Decorating of fireplace tiles - a classic of the genre
- What tiles oblitsevat
- Preparation for installation
Pros finishing natural stone
Finishing stone fireplace - this is one of the most popular methods of facing and the reasons for this are several.
- These fireplaces are beautiful, because no material can not be compared with natural stone and its unmatched appeal and aesthetics.
- When heated, natural stone slabs do not emit any smoke and toxic substances, leaving the indoor air clean and fresh.
- Natural monolith is able to withstand almost any physical activity (strikes, mechanical damage, etc.).
- Such covering material has high thermal stability.
- Natural stone can be treated with a variety ofways, giving it the shape that you like it, which means you can create your own image and style of the house, once again emphasizing its solemnity and individuality.
The choice facing stone
In principle, fireplace trim can bevirtually any natural stone, because this material, in any case, has all the properties that have just been listed. The main advantage of natural stone - it's his design possibilities. But with regards to durability, the approximate dates of service fireplaces various kinds of stones can vary greatly. For example, a fireplace made of limestone and colored marble will "aging" after 30-70 years, and the final destruction may come in 100 and 600 years. This figure may vary depending on the conditions in which the product is and how to properly care for them.
Most often used for facade cladding the fireplace usegranite and marble. Granite - strong and durable enough to rock, he is well treated and polished, but its cost is quite high because of the quarrying process is laborious and time-consuming.
Marble is popular, no less granite because of its unique pattern is very beautiful and interesting. No wonder that in ancient times was made of marble made various statues, columns and even entire houses.
But a variety of sandstone, limestone, travertine and other materials may be used in addition to marble and granite for cladding the fireplace groups.
It would be desirable to allocate a separate line the baking stone(Soapstone). This mineral has a very high heat capacity (almost 2.5 times higher than that of conventional ceramic bricks). He warms up faster and retain heat longer.
If you do not have the financial abilitybuy natural stone, the facing of the fireplace with artificial stone - it's a great alternative to natural materials. This type of finish is not only significantly save money, but will create a beautiful fireplace, which by its aesthetic appeal will be no worse than the fireplace, faced with natural monolith.
Technology cladding with natural stone fireplace
Decorating of fireplace with decorative stone - a laborious process, and its features are caused primarily by physical properties of the material, and some nuances of its production technology.
- First, you need to thoroughly clean the surface of the brick dust and various impurities;
- deepen masonry joints to a depth of not less than 1 cm;
- Cushioning surface fire wire mesh with a mesh 5x5 cm.
- Getting fit lining material
On the floor, draw a chalk figure exactlycorresponding one of the vertical walls of the chimney (the shape and size need to be absolutely identical) and begin to lay out all elements facing, fitting them to each other in color and thickness.
Important: if the difference in the thickness of the tiles significant, and they have a rough structure, it is not necessary to seek to ensure that they are ideally suited to each other - still their curved surface and a total mass of the fireplace will look harmonious.
If the surface of your chosen materialsmooth, the tiles that differ in thickness from the others, it is better to sort out, because otherwise you have to change the thickness of the layer of adhesive in those places where this plate is laid.
Important: the thickest tile mount first, using the minimum amount of glue. Such a kind of benchmark will help you in future work.
Facing the fireplace with his hands is a simple process and can cope with it all. However, in this work still has its own nuances.
Small pieces remaining after pruning, placed in inconspicuous locations, such as near the inner corners or in the bottom of the fireplace.
If natural stone you use tolining, has an irregular shape, that before installation it is necessary for marking. After fitting all the elements to each other in the center of each tile chalk written her number, and she faces subscribe rooms adjacent tiles. So you do not get confused which tiles should be in a particular place.
Laying of natural stone
To begin the process of laying, with the lower corners of the bottom up. Then lay out the upper horizontal row, and after - all other rows from left to right, top to bottom.
If your fireplace has a height greater than the surface50 cm, and the tiles that you have chosen as the cladding is thick enough (10 mm), it is advisable to apply the S-wire attachment that will give additional strength and reliability throughout the structure. Secured with the hook on the reinforcing grid, and on its lower edge is installed tiles. Use these bindings is necessary about every two feet high, and in general, the thicker the wall tiles, the more often.
To start grouting does not need early. than two days after finishing work. Pre-need to test in an inconspicuous spot or a piece of tile, does not leave traces of grout if not to spoil the look of your fireplace.
Finishing fireplaces artificial stone similar to the one just described the process of laying tiles made of natural stone.
Decorating of fireplace tiles - a classic of the genre What tiles oblitsevat
Decorating of fireplace tiles in recent years has become no less popular than the cladding natural stone tiles are in fact - is not only beautiful and stylish but also modern.
As a facing material appliedterracotta, majolica, stoneware and clinker. All these types of finishing materials though have similarities, yet quite significantly different from each other.
Majolica - Is pressed ceramic tiles with a pattern coated with glaze. Due to this, it has a bright luster and gloss, which adds a great room, made in classic style.
Terracotta - Ceramic tiles without glaze.
Gres - Finishing material with properties similar to natural stone. This "similarity" is connected not only with external data, but also with the characteristics of the material.
Clinker - Thick tiles made of clay with various additives.
Since the main component of the ceramic tile - is clay, it does not affect the efficiency of the fire, although it slightly increases the warm-up time of the heating device.
Preparation for installation
The surface of the fireplace, of course you need to carefullyprepare and clear from all sorts of pollution. Then fasten the net. The best way to fix it to the wire tabs, left in the seams of the brickwork. But if they do not, then we can apply the usual nails up to 10 cm wearing the metal washers. hammered those nails directly into the joints.
Prepared and fitted by wire meshsurface level by means of adhesive designed for bonding ceramic tiles. Apply the glue with a spatula. When the surface is completely dry out, you can proceed directly to the laying of tiles.
Before starting work, it is advisable to make a layout using a conventional rope with a small weight, which can be attached to the nail. It is along this line, and we will carry out the process of laying.
You should begin with the lower row. Adhesive with a notched trowel applied directly to the wall with the expectation that it will lay one or two tiles. Firmly pressed their hands, they can be lightly tapped rubber mallet if necessary. Trim and the remains laid in the last turn.
Special plastic crosses, stuck ontwo pieces on each side, ensure consistency gaps. Pay special attention to compliance with the provisions of all tiles marking lines, as well as the fact that they all lie in the same plane, it is possible to check the conventional rail. When deficiencies are found they must be immediately removed, so how to fix mistakes after curing adhesive is already impossible.
Remnants of mortar must be removed immediatelyafter the stacking, and about a day you can start grouting. For these purposes the mineral composition of a variety of colors. Apply them with a spatula or trowel. After carefully filling all joints align their fugue with a damp sponge, gently drawing without much pressure on the seam.
After 15-20 minutes, the surface of the tiles can be cleaned from the remnants of the Fugue with a clean cloth, but for the final drying must be at least a day.
Tiles for facing fireplaces - a universal finishing material, which is ideal not only for heating devices, but also for decoration.
And so you can see the possibilitiesceramic tiles, natural and artificial stone, as well as how space transforms a photo finish fireplaces that are below, be sure to look before you decide to do repairs.