Decorating the house plinth
As impressive decorative elementexterior trim cap house has a very important function of protecting the lower part of the building from the aggressive external environment influence. Cap - a top, towering above the ground part of the foundation that takes care of all the vagaries of weather from frost and snowfall and ending heat, torrential rains and floods.
- What is the lining of the cap
- Choosing the optimal material
- Technology cladding with natural stone plinth
- Step One: Preparing the substrate
- Step Two: finishing stone plinth
- Step Three: finishing topcoat
What is the lining of the cap
In accordance with the height of building codesthe cap should not be less than 50-70 cm, but often this constructive element of the house is raised up to 150 cm and above, especially if the basement equip basements, garages and other facilities. Finishing plinth building performs the following tasks:
- Waterproofing of the basement and basement space fromthe impact of heavy rainfall, groundwater and flood. Water-resistant cap provides optimum constant humidity in the basement as well as throughout the house - one of the main conditions for a comfortable microclimate and durability of the entire structure.
- Temperature resistance of the cap smoothes sharpambient temperature drops, the soil and the inner space of the house in the summer heat and the winter cold. To ensure a healthy comfortable environment throughout the building, the temperature difference in the areas of the cap and the house should not exceed 2-3 ° C.
- Decorative element, by which the house looks respectable and dignified, regardless of what materials it is built.
Choosing the optimal material
After the house wound up all the engineeringcommunication, you can start finishing and facade work should start with the trim cap. Finishing materials, in most cases chosen at the design stage, but the choice between the plaster, tile, siding, and finally natural or artificial stone are doing everything. Everyone wants a house turned out beautiful, but, if possible, and also seek to save almost everything. Plastering cap is still the most economical way to finish it. Only if you do not forget about the durability, water resistance and thermal stability - the basic functions finish cap, then it becomes clear that even the most advanced technology of facade plaster "Graphite under a rock" is not quite it is responsible.
Firstly, expensive, and secondly - needsperiodically, every 3-5 years, renovation and repair, requiring additional cost. There are pluses and minuses, the remaining cost of finishing materials. Natural stone - the perfect material for facing the cap of any building: practically does not absorb moisture, has low thermal conductivity and durability in his nature, virtually no competitors. As for the price, if used for finishing rare granite or marble, of course, this base is expensive. But there is a decent budget alternative to expensive rocks - natural sandstone, limestone, and some other bottles.
Especially good for decoration facade workplates of sandstone or limestone irregularly shaped fragment, but a uniform thickness, with which you can create a different, non-repeating patterns finishing cap. The palette of colors and shades of sandstone and limestone of light gray and black to beige and terracotta-red allows you to choose a finishing material for the cap to any color scheme at home. Some kinds of natural stone, such as sandstone, specially calcined in furnaces, increasing its strength. The result is a beautiful natural material that can coat not only the caps, but also the exterior walls, garden paths, fireplaces, creating a harmonious architectural ensemble of the whole estate.
An important tip. When choosing a stone sprinkle the surface with water and you will see a rich "wet" color it acquires with the scrupulous observance of finishing technology.
Technology cladding with natural stone plinth
Before you start decorating, when the stone has already been selected and purchased, you must still purchase the following supporting materials:
- extruded polystyrene - the perfect non-combustible insulation;
- special mounting anchors;
- special metal mesh;
- cement composition for grouting;
- nail topcoat facing cap.
Now you are ready to trim the cap stone, alternately performing the following milestones.
Step One: Preparing the substrate
The surface of the cap, whether masonry,monolith or other material should be plaster, smoothing out any unevenness. After the plaster hardens completely, to the flat surface of the cap by means of special dowels should be prepared to attach the plate insulation - extruded polystyrene foam.
Thus, a high stabilitythe plinth of the building to the most sudden changes in ambient temperature. Then, on the surface of the plates penopolisterolnyh a layer of acrylic quartz primer for exterior and mounted him a special steel mesh. At this preparatory stage is completed.
Step Two: finishing stone plinth
This is the most responsible, the most difficult, but alsomost creative phase. Typically, the master handler pre-sorts the stone slabs in the sizes, shades, thickness and even the texture of the surface, and then, as if the artist, with the help of glue spreads are a mosaic pattern, trying to touch as little as possible to the stone tools, while maintaining the natural perfection of noble material.
Step Three: finishing topcoat
Once the installation is complete stone, decorationcap already gets enough solid appearance, but it still should be good to clean out the dust and adhesive residue. You can use this for washing vacuum cleaner or a jet of water under pressure from a garden hose. Now we have to carefully wipe the seams of cement-sand mixture of the corresponding color and then wash well-lined surface of the cap. At the end of the last phase of the well dried surface of the lining, it is desirable to apply several layers of special lacquer.
Besides that, thanks to the lacquer coating color stone trim cap becomes more complete, this finishprocessing provides cover dust properties and protects the surface from mechanical damage and other adverse external influences. Finishing cap curtained, now you can start decorating the walls of the house.