The procedure for laying ceramic tiles
Clay tiles - a popular buildingmaterial, its installation is quite simple, but there are some nuances. Often, it begins with the installation of thermal insulation, but sometimes you can do without it. This applies to cases where this tile fits just for beauty. Scope of the cladding material is very wide: decoration of facades, interiors, paving garden paths, entrances to the garages.
- Clinker - quality and durability
- Laying recommendations
- Façade clinker thermopanel
- Laying ceramic tiles on the floor
Clinker - quality and durability
Ceramic tiles can be calledenvironmentally friendly product, because in its manufacture does not use any artificial dyes, plasticizers. The main raw materials are specific varieties of highly plastic clay. The manufacturing process is that the clay is subjected to the strongest pressing and fired at a temperature of 1200 degrees. For this reason, the material obtained is extremely strong, and the shade is formed during roasting. But this is not all advantages:
- high quality;
- low water absorption;
- great frost;
- simplicity of maintenance;
- resistance to changes in temperature, humidity, fungi and bacteria;
- dense structure provides resistance to mechanical stress.
By all measures, clinker tiles exceedsrequirements of the European standards, but the functional characteristics of its advantages are not limited. As for decorative expression, and it is a leader.
Clay tile is available in a rich colorscheme, which has more than 100 options, starting with the rich red and ending with a neutral white. Moreover, this diversity is achieved not only the color schemes, tile surface may be rough, untreated, glazed. A extrusion method allows to make products of various sizes and shapes.
Technology laying ceramic tiles requires strict adherence to certain principles, guided by them, even a novice tiler can cope with this wonderful process.
As a basis for laying a tileIt can be a concrete, reinforced concrete, brick walls, cement screeds, metal, old surface. The main thing is that it is durable and, of course, smooth and pre-cleaned of dirt, lime, grease, dust, rust, paint coatings residues. Do not forget about the alignment on the vertical.
Note: All elements of the plaster slaboprilegayuschie require mandatory removal.
Before laying ceramic tiles, it is necessary to determine the size and position of the expansion joints. This figure depends on the hardness of seam filler, operating room conditions.
Important: the distance between expansion joints varies - 4-10 mm.
If the substrate is dusty or highly absorbing,it is desirable to treat the surface of a special priming emulsion. Priming stabilizes and strengthens the foundation, besides increasing grip and base solution. Regarding irregularities are sealed with putty mixture solution for alignment.
Before you start laying clinker façadetile, you need to consider the location of the tiles, it's not always a multiple of the value of the surface of the largest tile based joint width. In such cases it is necessary to cut off the tiles.
Laying tiles façade starts from the bottom, and morebetter - from the second row. Ground series (first) should stick after laying the decking tiles. This trick is used to hide the rough edges of terrace tiles, because it is cut off worse because of the hardness.
The choice of trowel depends on the room sizetiles, natural, the larger it is, the greater must be the teeth. To sutures were identical, it is necessary to use spacers crosses.
To prepare the adhesive mixture is poured into water andIt is mixed either manually or mechanically. After stirring the resulting solution was allowed to stand for 10 minutes for the final dissolution of all the chemical components.
Important: strict adherence to the rules specified in the instructions required.
The adhesive mixture is applied to the surface no moreone meter square, because the solution keeps its adhesive characteristics of only 10-30 minutes. The exact time depends on the humidity, temperature, type of substrate. If the solution has dried up on the wall, you should remove it and apply a new layer.
Sealing of joints can start, if the clinkertiles firmly and securely joined to the surface (about 24 hours). This process is carried out with the help of special grout: the solution is injected deep into the seam using a trowel with glued rubber or rubber spatula. Once on the tile appeared matte film, it is possible to remove the excess putty (rigid sponge, trowel, which is lined with an abrasive sponge).
Areas with a brick facade tilesin contact with the armature, door and window box, filled with silicone or polyurethane sealant (this also applies to expansion joints). To perform this process correctly, you need a lot of silicone and adjacent tile surface moisten with water using a hand sprayer. This prevents moisture sealant adhesion to ceramic tiles.
Note: You can also seal the tile a special tape that you want to tear off after curing of the sealant.
Remains of a special sealant is necessary to remove the instrument, which in addition gives the seam shape.
Façade clinker thermopanel
Façade thermal panels with ceramic tilesresistant to chemical, thermal, biological effects. This original plates from expanded polystyrene, it is lined with ceramic tiles. This material has been applied fairly recently and is not yet widely purchased. But its advantages speak for themselves: cladding facades of residential buildings has a flawless look, and it is durability, high efficiency insulation and reducing heat loss.
Installation of thermal panels do not require the use of complex mechanisms, plus the entire, reduced by finishing costs, repair facade, solved the problem of ventilation, formation of cold bridges.
Laying ceramic tiles on the floor
In order to save money, it is possible to dispense with the services of professional artists, but the quality laying ceramic tiles is possible only under the correct identity.
It all starts with the preparation of the base - creatingoptimal conditions. This means that the surface must be perfect: checked this figure level. In preparing the base, you should consider the carrying capacity of the surface and check for cracks, hollow pockets. This is important because the moisture that gets into the hole, lead to the destruction and swelling tiles.
Preparation of ceramic tiles - the stageIt involves mixing tiles from different packages, because it may be slight differences in color. According to this reason, it is advisable to mix before performing laying tile and hold a trial calculations.
When used as an adhesive cementcomponent, the first mortar laid on the base (4 cm thick), leveled, cement powder is applied, laid tile, humidified and covered with polyethylene.
With the glue mixture is much easier, the main thing is to comply with the instructions on the package and apply the glue specifically designed for ceramic tiles.
Forming, filling seams - the firstby means of reference weld: observed parallelism or plastic crosses are used for this purpose. As for the filling, it is useful to sand, cement trowel or a mixture. Grout should be protected from chemical exposure and pollution - for they are covered by protective emulsion.
Cleaning the surface passes only after the complete drying of the seams. Clinker surfaces clean with ordinary water, allowed to use special tools.
Installation of ceramic tiles - a delicate matter, but it is quite feasible, respecting the building code styling, durable coating will.