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The device made of laminate: material design, styling rules

The device made of laminate

The choice of flooring material should alwaysrather sharply. This is due to the fact that the modern market of finishing materials offer a fairly wide range, as manufacturers strive to find new solutions that successfully combine practicality, functionality and democratic price. One of these solutions a few years ago has become a laminate. Thus, the laminate unit is easy enough, and performance do not leave indifferent material.

It should be noted that the laminate is differentexcellent appearance. It looks better than real wood, and decorative coating allows it to simulate a variety of materials. As is known, the laminate is divided into several types. They differ not only their characteristics, but also the structure of the board.


  • "Device" laminate boards
    • The base board - a pledge of strength
    • The stabilizing layer - the guarantor of stiffness
    • The decorative layer - a question of design
    • Protective layer - a reliable barrier

  • The device made of laminate

"Device" laminate boards

Laminant board - a kind of "pie", which is filling affects the quality of the finished product. So, this flooring is customary to distinguish several layers:

  • the base board;
  • its stabilizing layer;
  • aesthetic decorative layer, which determines the appearance of the floor;
  • protective covering.
The unit laminate boards

The layers of laminated boards

The base board - a pledge of strength

The base may be made of severalMaterials: MDF or HDF. Using MDF provides a standard when laying laminate flooring with the average strength, resistance to deformation. The use of HDF as a base facilitates preparation of the laminate board with higher strength characteristics.

The stabilizing layer - the guarantor of stiffness

The thickness of this layer is extremely small - about 0.1-0.2 mm, but rather great role in ensuring the quality facing material for a floor.

Running a stabilization layer impregnatedspecial composition of paper or plastic. Its main function is to stiffen the material. This property allows the laminate boards to be resistant to temperature extremes, high humidity and high loads.

The decorative layer - a question of design

The title of this laminate layer has hidden hisThe main purpose. He is responsible for the appearance of the material, its attractiveness. That decorative layer gives it a particular pattern texture. It is no secret that the vast number of consumers to purchase the flooring, on the basis of its appearance, choosing the most suitable option for the interior.

Protective layer - a reliable barrier

The protective coating provides durability anddurability. It is clear that without such a coating decorative layer would be erased within a very short period of time. This layer is coated with a polymer, which is transparent to drawing decorative coating is clearly visible.

Thus, the laminate consists of a traditional boardfour layers, but the product may be somewhat more difficult and have additional layers. Often it concerns the material used in areas of high stress.

It should be noted that not only are the layers of the laminate board. Thus, the device of floors from laminate layers also performed.

The device made of laminate

High-quality floor unit assumes that all the necessary work in strict sequence.

First, uninstall the previous floorFloor - linoleum, hardboard or carpet. Second, begin to equalize the floor surface. At this point on it eliminated all cracked, chipped and uneven. In the presence of large differences in height is arranged cement-sand screed. She will be the first layer of "cake" laminate floor.

Cement-sand screed

Leveling cement-sand screed under the laminate is most often performed before laying, it forms a necessary condition for the installation of floor covering

After drying screed is checked fordrops using a spirit level. If the surface quality is poor, you can use self-leveling mixture. After hardening it can proceed to the next layer of the device.

To provide added comfort anddurability of laminate flooring you need to take care of the packing moisture and vapor barrier. Generally, its thickness is 2.3 mm. The selected material is spread over the surface of the floor, and trimmed on perimeter of the room. All existing joints are glued special adhesive tape. The need for laying vapor barrier material occurs when the floor unit of a laminate on a concrete surface.

Then fit sound absorbing substrate. In addition to its direct function it helps smooth out irregularities and is cushioning layer. To date, there is a choice between a special substrate (professional), cork material or foamed polyethylene. Typically, manufacturers produce on the market floor since the substrate.

Sound-absorbing layer under laminate

Sound absorbing substrate under the laminate at the same time compensates for the immediate work load and serves as an additional leveling layer

You can then proceed directly tolaying laminate flooring planks - it will be the final layer at the floor device. Mounting of the finishing layer is carried out laminate "floating" manner, that is, the material is not attached to the base. Boards are joined together with a locking means. When this laminate panels are joined tightly enough so as not to form any gaps.

Particular attention should be paid to the formation ofgaps around walls. They are performed with the help of prefabricated spacers. Their use allows you to leave at the interface of the laminate and the wall a sufficient distance to extend the floor. If you ignore this caveat, there may be a situation where the finished floor simply "vspuchilis".

Installing laminate

For rallying strips required compensation bar, "knock" with a hammer on the laminate unacceptable

Ends device laminate floor installation skirting boards. Care should be taken so that it does not prevent the outflow of moisture from the laid screed.

If you are planning a device warm floor, thenit is recommended to stop the choice on the water or infrared film version. These warm floors do not allow much and dramatically heated flooring, which can lead to a violation of his integrity.

Thus, the device of laminate floorIt requires mandatory registration of performance materials and careful observance of sequences required to perform the work. The result is a durable, high-quality floor covering that can last for many years, which will be pleasing to the eye and will decorate the interior of your home.

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