Not one hundred years kept their originalbeauty and delight us highly Kremlin parquet and suburban manors, palaces of St. Petersburg and Versailles - unique creations of talented architects and serf masters. Times have changed and the era of people's tastes, but did not create mankind more refined and noble floor than wood, whether it is a concise deck board or elegant parquet pattern. And if the pride of the Hermitage - parquet George Hall was created from 16 rare species of wood, modern architects and designers use in the interiors of more than 60 species. Choosing this unsurpassed material, it is necessary to know exactly what to cover the wooden floor that was durable and for many years kept its natural beauty.
- Functions of protective and decorative coatings
- Varnishes for wood floors
- Oil: beautiful and durable
- Wax Floor protection, wood processing maslovoskom
Functions of protective and decorative coatings
The wood in the interior of the house creates specialcomfortable climate, it exudes a subtle flavor, its texture is pleasant to the touch, relieves stress, and people surrounded the tree as if dissolved in its natural environment.
In the tradition of all the peoples of the tree remains the most popular material for the floor, thanks to its best performance:
- High durability and reliability;
- Excellent insulation;
- Accessibility - a renewable natural material;
- The ability to quickly replace damaged floor areas.
The main advantage of wood - natural origin and generates its main shortcomings:
- Low noise isolation;
- Highly hygroscopic;
- Soft structure is inclined in use to abrasion, dents and scratches;
- Changing the shape and linear dimensions when changes in temperature and humidity of the environment;
- It is affected by insects and rodents.
All wooden floors, irrespective oftree what breed they are made, in varying degrees, endowed with these deficiencies and require constant additional protection. To protect the wooden floor from the damaging effects of the environment, increase durability, support the natural texture and color are three types of special coatings that are based on natural and synthetic materials:
Correctly matched to the timber and the type of conditionsOperating floor protective decorative coating improves wear resistance, can "ignite" boring color but beautiful texture of wood. With paint you can even familiar and inexpensive wood "turn" in the exotic dark chocolate "wenge" or frankly purple "Amaranth".
Varnishes for wood floors
Modern nail wooden floor wellprotects wood from mold fungi and insects, gives it shine, glamor and enhances the brightness of its natural texture. The chemical composition of the varnish - a solid solution of natural resins or synthetic polymers in solvents. As the solvent used, liquid resins and vegetable oils, ethyl or methyl alcohol and water. Depending on the solvent varnishes are:
Solid base lacquer resins may be natural as well as synthetic polymers, polyurethane, polyurethane-acrylate copolymers uretanizirovannye synthetic resin.
Polyurethane lacquers based on organic andsolvents enhance the natural color of the wood, its color tone becomes deeper and more saturated, and eventually darkens and takes on a yellowish tint, which is not always desirable. A coating of this type varnish immediately after drying gaining maximum strength and ready for operation.
Water-dispersion paints based onmodified polyurethane dispersions, in contrast, support structure and the natural color of wood without changing it with time. The maximum strength of the aqueous dispersion varnish gaining long and wash the floor so only ten days after lacquering.
Important: The strength of coatings based on water-soluble varnish is not only not inferior to the strength of the organic lacquer, but often exceeds them in hardness.
When applied to a thoroughly cleaned andprepared wood varnishes form on the surface of a solid protective decorative film, penetrating deep into the material to a depth of no more than 2 mm, and does not change its structure. If desired, the varnish sex can be completely removed from the surface Scratching and cause him any other composition.
Lucky as a coating for wooden floor is not used in the following cases:
- Wood treated with linseed oil or other oil-containing compositions;
- In areas with high humidity or in contact with water;
- In the open spaces: porches, verandas, terraces, pergolas.
Oil: beautiful and durable
Oil coating as a reliable protectionmeans wood floor has long been widely used by architects and craftsmen parquet and extant luxurious parquet floors of palaces XVIII-XIX centuries - the best proof of their effectiveness.
Modern oil funds to coverwood floor contain natural soybean, sunflower or linseed oil, synthetic polyurethane polymers, sometimes hard waxes - a set of materials, fine wood preservative and substantially increases its durability. The treated oil composition of the wood becomes resistant to environmental humidity change, it does not crack or swell, but the varnish covering it is no longer possible.
With oil coatings can preserve the natural color of wood or to change in a wide range of whitish-yellowish and reddish brown to deep shades and even black.
Unlike oil varnish impregnated deeplytimber, passing through the pores and on its surface creating a very thin protective film. As a result, the treated oil composition of the floor becomes durable, durable and looks natural at the same time. If the protective flooring using pure natural oil, then finally to secure the effect of the surface, a layer of wax.
Modern oil formulations for woodFloor-containing polyurethane and wax originally possess all the necessary characteristics of the reinforcing. In addition, they can create a high-gloss, matt or satin-matt finish.
Important: penetration depth of the oil composition of wood depends on the concentration of oil in the solvent fraction. The lower oil concentration, the deeper layer of wood and impregnates it on the contrary.
Oils can not be used to cover the wooden floor in the following cases:
- Under conditions of frequent changes in temperature and humidity;
- As a finishing coat in heating systems "warm floor".
Wax to protect the floor
A wax composition for protecting wood floor - a mixture of beeswax, linseed oil and small amounts of other additives in various proportions, depending on the manufacturer of the formulation.
Waxed floors distinguished noblesilky-matte shimmer, distinct wood texture and a slight golden tinge. They are moisture resistant, but not protected against abrasion and mechanical damage, require continuing professional dorogogostoyaschego service. Waxes as wood flooring coatings in living areas rarely used.
Wooden floors are perfectly combined with allstyle interior, filling it with great charm and comfort. If you pick up the right tool for the coating and cause it without breaking technology, the wooden floor will long to please you with its exquisite beauty.