Rules laying of tiles on plasterboard
Drywall - malleable and ductile material,widely applied in the work on the interior decoration. Excellent hygienic and physical characteristics make GCR undisputed leader in frequency selection. Limitless possibilities, usability and moisture resistant qualities allow to use it as a basis for a variety of materials. This explains the relevance of the question as to put the tiles on plasterboard, worries many who want to decorate your own home.
- Advantages of installation on drywall
- Traditional preparation stage
- tiles calculation, planning
- Required tools and materials
- Selecting the layout options
- How to glue tiles on plasterboard
- surface Primer
- Marking - an important step
- Puts tiles, following the rules
Advantages of installation on drywall
Laying tiles on gypsum board as a form of decorating has many advantages. Consider some of them:
- the need for alignment of the walls of the room is no longer automatically;
- the possibility of additional insulation of the walls under the plasterboard;
- easy to obtain geometrically correct dimensions at the joints and corners;
- facilitating the masonry, which can carry out even the beginner easily;
- possibility of masking the visible communications;
- finishing the event takes minimum time.
Traditional preparation stage
Before proceeding directly to the works necessary to carry out a series of actions. The most important thing - to calculate the number of tiles.
tiles calculation, planning
Number of tiles should be calculated for eachwall separately - this ensures extreme precision. Scoring tiles and rounded feel as whole. Measure the height and length of the lined surface, calculate the area in square meters.
It is important! Knowing the number of tiles contained in 1 square meter, the calculation does not seem so difficult. Note should calculate in advance how many tiles fit on the width and height that will be cropped to know the exact number of units.
Today, there are online programs that helpcarry out all the necessary calculations. They can determine how much material is required for standard laying masonry staggered or angled. Among other things, the program calculates the number of items of different colors when constructing curbs and compositions.
Required tools and materials
- pencil, tape measure;
- Laser spirit level;
- pobeditovymi drill with drill bits and Whisk;
- rubber and serrated trowel;
- kafelerezka, a small Bulgarian;
- the profile of the metal;
- rubber mallet.
- tile adhesive;
- liquid waterproofing (if necessary);
- grout (Fugue);
- sponge and a cloth.
Selecting the layout options
To date, tile laying on plasterboard carried 3 ways:
- masonry (in Extension);
- joint to joint (straight seam);
- diagonally, at an angle (diamond).
It is important! Option "diamond" is relevant only for the square tile.
Each method has both advantages andlimitations. Straight stitch - a classic that presentable, but a bit boring. Masonry simple in execution, but more rustic. Diamond allows to disguise the disproportionality of the walls, but its use must take into account the shape of the tiles.
If you are willing to experiment, you can combine these methods of masonry, to combine different color tiles, creating an original ensemble.
How to glue tiles on plasterboard
If you plan on laying clinker, stone orceramic tile, drywall is to be moisture-resistant. If this is not possible, under the guide puts a plasterboard sheets. The distance between the bars - 40 cm. On the rail glue plasterboard, fixing them with screws further. Instead of bars can be laid plaster polypropylene mesh that is glued with white glue and secured with staples.
Work begins with a primer. For this purpose, the primer can be used «KNAUF», «MIRA 4120" or their analogs. The mixture is applied in 2 layers, the interval between them should be 40-45 minutes. Build-up will ensure maximum integrity and strength of the surface. For the application of a primer used paint brush or roller, but it's best to work with a notched trowel. Smooth edge apply a primer on the tiles, and distribute gear until smooth strips.
Marking - an important step
Further held markup. Need to find the bottom floor the point where the height of the bottom row is the maximum. Take the level and applying it to the surface. Determine which side below, go to the other side. We are measuring from the lowest point at a height of 20 mm at a distance smaller tiles. This is done for the convenience of cutting, because if the cut is less than 15 mm, the defect rate is high.
The level of first draw a horizontal line along the wall, and then the vertical - the starting line for the very first vertical row.
It is important! Experts advise to carry out laying of tiles left to right.
You can, of course, to start laying the corner, but,likely to have to make a series of end trim 2 cm in width. This is not only difficult, but does not look aesthetically pleasing, it is important to shift the tiles so that the yaw trimming was symmetrical.
Calculate how many tiles as many as will fit on the wall is simple: the width of the wall L divided by the sum of L1 and L2 crosses the tile width. Do not forget about the width of tile joints. N = L / (L1 + L2).
Puts tiles, following the rules
The quality of the adhesive is critical. Better use of specialized formulations that not only securely attach a finishing material, but also to prevent the deformation of the base. Leaders in this field are the glue mixture "Unis-2000» and «Easy Fix». The adhesive is diluted according to the instructions, stir until smooth. A lot of it is not necessary to prepare a solution, especially when stacking skills you do not have. The adhesive can be applied on both the tile and the wall. The area of application should not exceed 1m2.
Is pressed against the surface of the tile to the hands orplastic hammer with rubber pads (for larger tiles). Between the tiles to achieve the same width tile joints insert spacers crosses made of plastic.
It is important! Tile laying is best done in several receptions, 5-6 rows at a time. The interval between receptions in 1 hour will allow to remove the tension arising in the basis of a floor.
Now comes the crucial moment -plane alignment. Take the rule and press down the tiles. Keep a rule you must first horizontally and then vertically. Tap the tile is prohibited. Preferred to align, pushing the rules of the center, making a swinging motion with an amplitude of 3 mm along its length.
It laid the tiles row by row. After drying, the adhesive (the next day) to begin trimming. To facilitate this work will help internal or external plastic corners. We remove the crosses, clean the joints with a wooden stick or a plastic card and make the grout. By the way, the seams can be treated with a special solution to improve the moisture resistance and protection from contamination.
That's all. As you can see, nothing complicated in the laying of tiles on plasterboard is not. It remains only to clean the ceramic surface with a cloth moistened with any detergent, and enjoy the result of the work - a sparkling composition made by the hands.