Review ways floor waterproofing
The reliable protection against moistureThey need all the design elements of the house or apartment, and floors as well. If the apartment is located on the basement damp, moisture is gradually destroys the concrete slabs. The joists and planks of wooden floor from moisture and fungus develops begins rot. Even in a high-rise apartment on the middle floor with moisture penetration through cracks in the floor and wall junctures parquet, laminate or carpet to lose its shape and can come into disrepair. These objective "accidents" are added on their own subjective leakage and negligence and "Flood" from the neighbors, primarily douse the floor. High-quality waterproofing the floor - it is the surest way not to run with the above troubles and annoying smell of dampness in the house.
- Waterproofing: types and classification
- Roll and film materials
- Mastics waterproofing floor
- Liquid water-repellent materials
- Powder materials for waterproofing
- floor waterproofing methods
- Application of liquid waterproofing
- Staining and being covered with the surface
- The use of back-lining materials
- Plaster: how to perform
- Guidelines for home masters
- waterproofing of floor heating
- Waterproofing floor balcony
Waterproofing: types and classification
Depending on the purpose and conditionsOperating rooms used various materials for floor waterproofing that creating on the surface of a dense layer of waterproof and water-repellent and penetrating inside, protect it from destruction and decay.
According to the application of all types of waterproofing are divided into two major groups:
- for outdoor use;
- for interior work.
On the main component in a water repellent waterproofing is:
- based on the Component mineral;
By way of application to the surface distinguish the following main types of waterproofing materials:
- Wood banding;
If you are waterproofing the floor in an apartment or in a private house, provide the best effect, and therefore the following are the most popular materials.
Roll and film materials
The most familiar and popular in the last centuryrepresentatives of this large group of waterproofing - roofing, roofing material and Fiber-glass. They have been used and continue to use for insulation from moisture foundations, roofs and floors. They are cardboard or glass cloth impregnated with a mixture of bitumen and basalt aggregate.
Modern roll floor waterproofing layered membrane polymer represented, combining, usually it is not only waterproof but also thermal insulation properties.
Film hydroprotection - it releases inrolls of polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride film, which is most often used when you want to waterproofing a concrete floor before creating or dry cement-sand screed.
Mastics waterproofing floor
It is the second most popular group hydroprotectivematerials - plastic adhesives based on the bitumen, the liquid rubber, polymers, resins, plasticizers and other additives. In accommodation, mastic is used for waterproofing the floor creating a waterproof layer, but also the processing of joints and seams in the bathroom, toilet, kitchen, sauna, swimming pool. Waterproofing mastics are hot and cold type.
Liquid water-repellent materials
Obschirnaya group waterproofing materials,which includes primers, varnishes, paints, impregnation, injectable formulations for topical application, and a variety of other liquid water resistant and water-repellent materials of varying degrees of viscosity. This latest liquid waterproofing the floor, such as Penetron is applied to the surface and penetrate into the pores of the material, dries to form a waterproof, but breathable crystal. Other flowable materials create a wooden or concrete floor surface a thin, but strong water-repellent film.
Powder materials for waterproofing
Presented in the construction market hugerange, based on dry mixtures of various proportions of cement, glue, binders, and plasticizers components. Immediately prior to application to the surface of the dry mix is enough to add water according to the instructions and waterproofing the floor with their hands without any problems, even for the beginner in construction. The powder mixture used in the creation of concrete ties, waterproof layer on the floor and walls of swimming pools and basements.
floor waterproofing methods
There are several ways of waterproofing the floor, but they are all subject to the same general rule of continuity.
It is important to remember:
In places the walls floor junction or other structures protruding above the surface of the waterproofing layer should, without interruption, to rise to a height of not less than 30 cm above the floor.
Application of liquid waterproofing
The method of waterproofing a floor surface, depending on the composition and consistency of the material is of two types:
- cast waterproofing;
- impregnating waterproofing.
Cast waterproofing - is drawing onfloor surface or polymer asphalt (bitumen) solutions, which during solidification form smooth waterproof film. Bituminous mastic or solution is heated to 120-140 ° C, poured onto pre-cleaned floor and leveled using a wide spatula to evenly.
cast waterproofing method is only applicable toprocessing of hard solid grounds before pouring the cement-sand screed. The waterproofing material is applied in several layers, which are reinforced with metal or glass fiber mesh, if necessary. As a result, waterproof film thickness should be 5-15 cm.
Impregnating liquid waterproofing the floor in the apartmentIt is sprayed with the help of special equipment or a conventional brush applied liquid resin impregnation and primer. These base materials impregnated with the floor to a predetermined depth, either frozen on the surface, forming a seamless monolithic waterproof membrane.
Staining and being covered with the surface
In contrast to the cast, involving work withwarmed bituminous mastics, waterproofing and painting the floor Obmazochnaya performed in the processing base "cold" polymer and rubber, epoxy, or "hot" bitumen-polymer mastics and paints and varnishes. Depending on the viscosity of the composition, it is applied to the surface using a spatula, roll or conventional paint brush.
A common feature of all the options and lubricativewaterproofing paint is to get on the surface of the floor rather thin, about 2-3 mm thick, waterproof layer, which is also an effective anti-corrosion and anti-fungal protection. However, the service life of this type of sealing is not more than 5 years.
The use of back-lining materials
As the name suggests, this kind of waterproofingInvolves the laying of roll and sheet waterproof materials, pasted on layers on the previously cleaned and primed base floor. There are three ways of pasting waterproofing:
- Simple on the surface of the flooring for any material or floor structure with a joint or independent way of fastening: a cement or dry screed, under the plywood subfloor or another, and so on..
- Weld the web material on the base floor surface by means of a gas burner - fire hazard method requiring strict compliance with fire regulations.
- Attaching roll waterproofing on the subfloor using special adhesives and mastics.
Many modern types of roll filmwaterproofing produced with its own adhesive layer, which simplifies installation. If the bonding layer of the roll of waterproofing mastic used in the bitumen-polymer-based, they are selected with regard to their melting point at 20-25 ° higher than the characteristic to contain the highest air temperature.
All kinds lining hydraulic seals are veryare sensitive to shear stress and tension, and therefore its use is recommended for protection from excessive moisture rigid structures made of brick, concrete or concrete.
Plaster: how to perform
Well familiar to all, environmentally friendly,a very efficient and easy way to design using a variety of waterproofing dry mixes based on cement with the addition of mineral binders and polymer additives. One of the main advantages of plaster damp is that plastic mortar cement-based well fills any irregularities, cracks and bases cracks and applied it can be in one or more layers with a spatula or brush on any surface of concrete, stone, wood, and even over the tile paints.
As a kind of plaster canconsidered and Loose-fill insulation, where the bulk of waterproofing materials are poured onto the surface and even layer, absorbing moisture to form a durable waterproof layer.
For hardening of plaster dampIt takes about 14 days and during this time can not allow it drying out. During the first days after the application of a fresh layer of waterproofing to moisturize from the sprayer every three hours, and then twice a week.
Guidelines for home masters
In choosing the material and the method of how to make waterproofing the floor, you should take into account the individual characteristics of operating rooms:
- humidity and the presence of a stationary plumbing in the bathroom, toilet or basin;
- the presence of "warm floor" heating system;
- aggressive atmospheric effects on the balcony.
Waterproofing floor heating
In addition to protection against moisture waterproofing of floor heating It should provide more reliable corrosion protection of basic working elements of the heating system - electric mats or pipe system.
Before filling Ties perform waterproofing base floor heating, using a mastic,or rolled materials, processing of bituminous mastic seams and overlaps of the insulating material on the walls. Alternative floor sealing device with built-in heating system - it is surface waterproofing foundation using traditional bitumen, bitumen-polymer or polymer-cement pastes. In stark waterproofing layer is poured cement-sand screed for laying the finishing flooring.
Waterproofing floor balcony
Open balconies and terracessubject to sudden changes in temperature and humidity, scorching znoyu, frost, fog, and snow showers, and therefore waterproofing balcony a floor - a necessary measure, which will reliably protect from destruction balcony slabs and other load-bearing structures.
The floor in the rooms with the consistently high level of moisture, where possible leakage of water from the water supply system, recommended necessarily equip a waterproofing layer.
The process of resettlement quality waterproofingfloors in all living areas do not require specific specialized skills and technology is extremely simple styling of most modern materials makes this work a pleasant experience. The main condition for the durability and efficiency of floor protection against excessive humidity - the right choice of material.