Parquet or laminate
Repair - literally "catastrophe"which catches up with everyone, sooner or later, but it need to have to put up. If we talk about decorating the walls and ceilings, they require attention in about 3 years, but with the gender situation is much more serious. It fits with the prospect of many years, for this reason, the choice of flooring is a responsible step. And then it raises a lot of questions, because the materials are now made available in a wide range. One of these points will be discussed in this publication and its essence - that is preferable: flooring or laminate?
Why them? Because these materials are the most popular: flooring - synonymous with high-quality laminate - ease of use, practicality. But, all in order, you must first understand exactly what they look like.
- General information about laminate
- Few of the floorboard
- Some similar characteristics
- Weigh "for" and "against"
- Wear resistance as a criterion
- The complexity of installation in comparison
- Application: operating conditions
- For the easier to care?
- Price-quality ratio
- An important aspect of - environmentally friendly
General information about laminate
Laminate - multilayered coating deposited onthe surface of a plastic film or a special furniture foil. Basically, this foil / film can have a variety of colors, the texture of natural wood or ceramic tiles to simulate. The top layer - a protective and it is crucial for the quality of the flooring. Typically, this role is played by a solid melamine resin.
Middle layer of laminate - wood fiberstove, due to its material acquires moisture, unchanging geometric parameters. But the bottom layer is also protective of either unrefined resin impregnated paper or plastic layer. Often the edges of the laminate are processed water repellent compositions based on wax.
Few of the floorboard
Parquet board is considered to be the best invention in thebuilding world. This is due to the fact that there is an amazing combination of hard and relatively soft wood, which makes it possible to maintain the necessary flexibility.
Naturally, the flooring is characterized by quality and price levels: it is determined by the breed of timber, grade, processing technology, ranking producers.
Board parquet can be:
- with a base in one layer - the edges papered frame strips forming multiple pictures;
- two layers - laid rails axially;
- board in three layers - two layers glued slats, arranged mutually perpendicular.
Note: the first versions were rarely used, and a three-layer structure is the most common.
The top layer is the most valuable - for manufacturingused solid wood. The middle layer - the narrow planks of pine, spruce, rubber tree. Rounding out the whole structure a thin (1-2 mm) layer of plywood. Similarly, formed a kind of sandwich with orthogonal arrangement of the fibers, if we consider the ratio of each layer to the next. This "cake" reliably provides maximum stability floorboard.
Some similar characteristics
What unites these two floor covering? Something that is:
- Click connection - easy removal and replacement of damaged elements;
- wide choose;
- Design - the so called "deck."
At first glance it may seem that morenumber of trump cards relates to the laminate, because the price is quite low, and strength characteristics at the proper level. But this is a misconception, the more to delve into this issue, the more the situation becomes clear.
For example, many people are willing to surround your livingspace exclusively natural materials. But no one, even the most expensive laminate, can not truly simulate real wood. This is one drawback, that is, if initially the difference like it is not visible, it becomes enormous with time. The man begins to tire of artificiality, unpleasant tactile properties, predictable pattern. What's the best gift a favorite children: the slap of bare feet on a velvety and warm wood or unpleasant, cold plastic? Absolutely, most caring parents will choose the first option. So flooring is still in the lead.
Weigh "for" and "against"
Yes, some time ago, the ultimate dreamSoviet citizen was not far - linoleum with a pattern, "a la parquet." Then the range of floor coverings was scarce, limited and did not give any room for the imagination. But today, the market is actively developing proposals increased.
To finalize the selectionmaterial should be analyzed comparative description. For the most objective comparison of results will take place in several ways.
Wear resistance as a criterion
As for the durability and practicality, a good, high-quality laminate is not afraid of scratches on the move furniture, heels. It is resistant to stress, to the indentation, does not fade in the sun.
Important: smoldering cigarette is not able to leave traces on the surface of the laminate.
Depending on the class, the service life of the laminate - 7-20 years. Under this option there is also a disadvantage - impossibility of restoration.
Now the floorboard - tree can pushtoo heavy furniture to the same varnish is easy to scratch (with careless handling). Therefore, the floor covering requires careful attitude, respect for the rules of operation. What applies here?
- parquet "loves" a constant temperature and humidity; water, sand and chemicals are highly undesirable;
- the most optimal conditions for long-term performance: zero temperature - 18-24 degrees, humidity - 40-60%.
With proper care and a lean operation flooring will last 50-100 years. Plus, it lends itself to restoration - sanding 4 times and the ability to cover a new coat of varnish.
The complexity of installation in comparison
Laminate flooring is very simple in installation: he thought small and lock connection. Parquet board is also easy to install, but requires pre-prepared, the most uneven surface.
Application: operating conditions
Laminate is suitable for many buildings, starting with the children's room, bedroom and office ending. All depends on the class and the wear of the additional features offered manufacturer.
Important: The laminate does not fit in the bathroom, shower, sauna, as for rooms with high humidity it is not suitable.
laminate production is standardized, that is,the application is divided into classes (on the level of stability). The class is usually denoted by double-digits: the first digit - the type of premises to which the material is used, the second - the permissible intensity of use. For example, class 21 and 22 for placement in a living room with small and moderate loads. In most cases, such a laminate is laid on the adhesive and fully serves 2-4 years (minimum). Such initial laminate grades are suitable for bedrooms.
23-31 class - the next stage of the parameterdurability. The first of them is used for laying in residential areas with a significant number of people, and the other experts recommend the use of a small office, reception room.
Important: it should be noted that the laminate 31 class can be installed in the apartment, but 23 minutes is not fit for office.
The term of service of the laminate 23 class - 6 years, a similar time and will be operated by the 31st class, while laying in the apartment, he will lie twice as long (with careful handling).
If we talk about the classes of the laminate 32 and 33, thetheir main purpose - shopping, cafes, ie areas with large daily load. These classes have the best protective layer and, often, water-repellent. And also there is an extra layer of sound insulation, which fully replaces the substrate during installation.
Important: if you have the financial capacity, the smarter purchase for home use high-end laminate flooring, then the need to replace it there until 15-20 years.
Scope floorboard houses andThe apartment is not limited. It looks perfect on the floor business offices, reception rooms. The only significant limitation - laying in rooms with large changes in temperature or high humidity.
If during assembly and subsequent processingthere was no error, then the flooring will be a long time. In principle, the first 10 years of a floor covering should not be processed, and when I paint loses its original appeal, the board can be re-sanded and covered with a new layer. Wood becomes magnificent again.
Modern manufacturers more todaydelight consumers by offering a wide selection of wood flooring on the tree species. In order not to get lost in the variety, make the right choice, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic properties of each breed.
Oak - the undisputed leader, because it has a highdurability. Facing layer of oak floorboard provides a significant period of operation, and it is practically not subjected to abrasion, not deformed.
Maple - wood is quite stable, characterized by a beautiful shade.
Beech - perfect for laying in the nurseryroom, because this breed is presented in bright colors. It is important to note that the beech - is unstable, it is necessary to monitor the humidity level: should not exceed the level of 60%. As for another variety, referred to as "smoky" Beech, such a dusky shade gives a special heat treatment, resulting in increased strength.
Cherry, undoubtedly conquers all exquisite beauty, because it has amazing pink shades with all sorts of tones, from light to rich coffee.
Walnut - solid wood flooring has good performance and does not require special care. Plus, the nut has a hardness similar to oak, but it has more pronounced structure.
Exotic tree species are not less in demand. This fact can be justified by their inherent high strength.
Wenge - African ebony, it is saturated with oil, wear-resistant and has a bright pattern.
Merbau - a very interesting type of wood. It is inherent in the original brown and barely visible gold veins. This Indonesian species, the nature of it is rich in oil, and this figure describes it only on the positive side - high resistance to fungi, wood almost does not rot, moisture resistant and stable. Another advantage - yielding heavy processing means parquet from merbau has a high resistance to the effects of mechanical nature.
Kempas - breed with good hardness, but it is sensitive to humidity and temperature changes. Therefore, it is not the best choice, if you are installing floor heating.
For the easier to care?
In fact, laminate flooring in the care unpretentious: it is not necessary to engage Scratching, sanding and varnishing. To care enough rubbing well-wrung cloth and complex contamination removed with acetone, detergent, solvent. Laminate flooring - a floor covering, which is not afraid of chemistry.
For the floorboard also take care notcomplicated. What will it take? It's simple, to the tree for a long time kept the original appearance, special care products to use. When harvesting should not forget that a large amount of water is irrelevant: you can not use a vacuum cleaner, a cloth should be wrung out thoroughly. As for cleaning products containing chemicals, they are not allowed.
The cost of the laminate depends on such factors:
- durability class (23-31 cheaper, and for areas with high load more expensive);
- the manufacturer's name.
Usually, especially decor for the price is not affected. In general, money for the purchase of the laminate need less than the floorboard.
The price of wood flooring depends not only on the brand,brand and quality, but the wood species used in the upper layer. For example, beech and oak are the cheapest, cherry and walnut - is more expensive at times (they have thin stems, so the raw material sprayed manages much less).
An important aspect of - environmentally friendly
Despite the high technology of today,that maximize imitate wood, laminate still not a natural material. By manufacture chemicals as they affect health adversely.
Parquet board - natural wood, so its ecological purity is not necessary to doubt. It transmits all the living that prepared people to nature.
You can make a logical conclusion that the difference between the laminate material of the floorboard, so you should consider all arguments and to make optimal suitable purchase.