Laying linoleum on the wooden floor
Do you want to make home repairs on their own? It is quite possible. The main thing - do not take on too much at once for hard work. That by virtue of any person, even if he has no experience in the repair work? Whitewashing the ceiling, Wallpapering, laying linoleum. This is enough to house shone with new colors. Well, with whitewash and wallpaper is easy to understand. But about linoleum is to talk separately.
- Linoleum - there are plenty to choose from
- Preparation for laying flooring linoleum
- Rough floor leveling
- Use plywood (chipboard, OSB or MDF)
- Apply the self-leveling mixture
- Flooring linoleum on the wooden floor
- free styling rules
- Mounting double sided tape
- The technology of gluing of linoleum
- Joining two or more strips of linoleum
Linoleum - there are plenty to choose from
The need for humanity in quality, convenientand beautiful flooring has always been great. The earthen floor was replaced by clay, then concrete, covered with boards, then parquet - the history of the floor is considered to be not in years, but for centuries. It is much more pleasant to walk on smooth, warm, soft, even surface. That's smart enough people to oilcloth - a mixture of oil, resin and wax cloth. Now science and technology give us all new types of linoleum, and using natural and artificial materials.
To repair the apartment with his hands is recommended to choose PVC linoleum. But what qualities should be guided in choosing linoleum?
- The performance characteristics. For rooms suited consumer PVC linoleum medium strength, and for the kitchen and corridor - Semi-commercial, whose durability is greater than in the preceding species, and is just sufficient for active use.
- Softness and resilience. linoleum is more comfortable to the apartment with a base of felt or foam, which gives the coating good sound and heat insulation properties. The foam base, moreover, hardly shrinks and is not afraid of water, because of what is often used in the kitchen.
- Colors. The largest number of patterns and colors in multi-layered linoleum foamed materials. Layer thickness with prokraskoy is 2-6 mm, the thickness of the protective layer (which affects the service life) - 0,15-0,7 mm.
Remember that the most durable types of linoleum are used in those areas where the load on them the maximum - the kitchen and hallway.
For areas with medium and low load increased performance characteristics are not required.
Preparation for laying flooring linoleum
Linoleum should be laid solely ona flat, level surface. Why so? The fact that the linoleum - coating sufficiently thin and elastic, i.e. with the time it takes the form of the surface on which his bed. And if the floor is uneven, with bumps and dimples, then these places will soon be wiped linoleum, and even break, forming fractures. So first you need to fix the foundation.
Rough floor leveling
Consider the situation with conventional colored wood floors. What you need to do before you lay linoleum on the wooden floor?
- Remove the plinth;
- Remove the paint (this can be done in the usual spatula, warming paint building hairdryer);
- Check the strength of the deck boards (if any boards have begun to rot, they should be replaced by fresh);
- Eliminate mobility and creaking floorboards (here the easiest way - well screws to attach the board to the joists);
- Deepen the nail heads and screws into the board, preferably to a depth of at least 5 mm;
- Stopper cracks and chips in the gap width of 5 mm to build patches;
- Align the surface of the floor (it's best to go to the parquet sanding machine);
- Thoroughly clean the floor of debris and dust (vacuum, wash floors, dry well).
If the level difference is small (no more than 1-2 mm)it is possible to start laying linoleum. In the case of very old floors, when perfection was not achieved, you can try a couple of the easiest options for leveling the surface to the desired state.
Use plywood (chipboard, OSB or MDF)
The choice depends on the substrate roughness roughfloor. The greater the height difference, choose the thicker substrate sheets. With small drops suitable plywood thickness of 5 mm. If you align the floor in the kitchen or bathroom, you need to take waterproof plywood. Sheets of plywood are selected in such a way that they fit stripes offset relative to each other somewhere on the list floor (masonry). A wall, leave a gap of 10 mm between the sheets but it should not be.
On the floor we put pretreatedspecial glue or paste (in PVA glue adding stucco to a thick cream). This sealant should fill in fine irregularities. Puts veneers, fix them with screws with a pitch of 15-20 cm, the maximum deepening head. The slits between the boards and heads of screws and shpaklyuem zashlifovyvayut. And you can even walk joints plane.
Wait for the plywood is dry, and treat it with hot linseed oil (you can just paint the quick-drying paint to the floor). After drying and held for laying linoleum on the wooden floor.
Apply the self-leveling mixture
To align the floor in a simpler way,used self-leveling mixture. Such mixtures for wood floor can be purchased in DIY stores. With their help align swings up to 2 cm. However, be aware that the liquid mixture is sufficient, therefore, the pre-treatment is necessary putty all the gaps well, ensuring tightness.
Prepared dry flooring is impregnated with specialprimer, reinforcing cohesion between the floorboards and the mixture. The walls at the surface of the floor close the insulating material, and floor and wall joint sizing polystyrene foam, creating a movement joint. In the doorway put the piece of wood, limiting the next floor.
Stela reinforcing mesh (with overlap of 5 cm)fasten her staple gun to the floor boards. Carefully stirring, add the dry mixture into the water. Fill the floor, spread the mixture spiked roller or rubber squeegee. Dry the floor in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. After drying, laid linoleum on the wooden floor.
Flooring linoleum on the wooden floor
Dimensions for the largest linoleum vymeryatthe values of the length and width of the wall, taking into account the doorways, niches and ledges, with a margin of 5 cm on all sides. If you chose the linoleum with a pattern, then add to the size of more rapport pattern in each direction.
The temperature in the room where it will be heldlaying linoleum, should not be below 15 ° C (and the optimum - 18 ° C) and hold for 48 hours before stacking, and the same afterwards. Humidity - 40-60%, most floors dry.
Bought linoleum should be spread out on the floordrawing up and leave for a day or two, so that he dealt well and acclimated. If linoleum bought winter, before rolling out let it stand for days in a roll.
Linoleum is placed in several ways. For any of them linoleum first laid out on the floor (lapping at the baseboards, 4-5 cm - if a wall with protrusions or recesses, if at least one wall is smooth, then laid it along the linoleum with a gap of 1 cm, there is an overlap on the opposite wall). Leveling blade linoleum from the center to the walls. Linoleum should lie flat without folds and creases. Drawings must walk along the longest wall. In the corners of the incision for a better fit of the coating to the walls. All cutting linoleum do small pieces on a metal ruler.
free styling rules
Suitable for rooms up to 20 square meters. m inclusive, where there will be a large load on the floor (for example, a constant rearrangement of heavy furniture). For such packing is well suited for large-based linoleum, often foamed. Pick up the linoleum to be in one piece, so as not to make unnecessary joints, which at a given installation may be shifted.
Straightened cut the linoleum on fabricskirting boards so that the walls remain in the gaps 10 mm. Along the edges of the walls covered with aluminum nozzles under baseboards, in the doorway attach metal rails.
Mounting double sided tape
To fix the linoleum stronger, it puton the double sided tape. Scotch glue on one side of the perimeter of the floor. For better fixation of linoleum (if it will be enough intensive load) is sized tape strips across the floor surface, or crosswise in places high loads.
linoleum sticking parts himself. Tilting half cloth, remove the protection from the adhesive tape. We spread this piece of linoleum, fixing it on an adhesive tape. Unbend the second half, we repeat the operation. After exactly linoleum laid and glued, do pruning lapping at the walls with gaps of 10 mm. Then we laid plinth rail and fasten the linoleum in the doorway.
The technology of gluing of linoleum
If the room is more than 20 square meters. m and will be stacked more than two strips of linoleum, then it needs to be put on the glue. What glue to use, often stated in the instructions to the linoleum, and advice about this can give the seller in hardware store.
First floor and lower part of the linoleum cover the primer, and only then proceed to the sizing. Just as is the case with adhesive tape, sticking linoleum Take frequent. Tilting about a third web a notched trowel evenly distributed over the floor glue or mastic. On top of the adhesive layer laid linoleum, straightening it and carefully pressed to the floor. Presses linoleum best special heavy roller or a wooden block. We are closely to between the floor and cloth cover does not remain air bubbles. Roller bar or move from the center to the walls. In the same way the remaining glue linoleum.
Linoleum edges along the walls treated in the same manner as in the previous cases, put the skirting board and fixing rail.
The adhesive must dry by 7 to 10 days. During drying, it follows that there is no swelling of linoleum. If the bubble does occur, it is necessary to put a sheet of plywood, and on top put something heavy, such as a sandbag.
Joining two or more strips of linoleum
If the room is too extensive or simply do notlucky to find the desired width and linoleum have to put two (or more) of the cover band, these joints also need prokleivat. Overlapping strips should be at least 10 cm. We are closely following the pattern coincidence. Cut through both layers around the middle of the overlap. We get the perfect combination of fabrics joint to joint.
Now these joints need to glue. The most convenient way - cold welding. Along the seam sticking masking tape. The tip of the tube with adhesive cold welding on the joint conduct of bands. Fuses the glue must penetrate into the seam linoleum at least 2-3 mm. Excess glue leave to evaporate. In no case do not delete yourself! Once the edge of the linoleum is fully welded, the masking tape can be removed.
That's all the basic secrets of proper stylingLinoleum. You see, the worse the condition of your sexes, the more you will have to work. But if you do everything on your conscience, then 20 years you will not be able to repair the sexes. Well, if you do not get tired of the chosen coloring. By the way, if you level the floors with plywood, then if you want to bored linoleum you can lay the laminate without additional preparation.
Enjoy your repair!