How to put a tile
Laying tiles - hard, hard work,requiring great delicacy and precision. Should this work is quite expensive: about as much as the tile itself. But if you're used to a lot of housework to do with your hands, you are patient and diligent people, then why do not you learn how to lay tile - laying instruction will acquire knowledge in this area. In addition to the pleasure of the result, it will help you save precious family budget. But remember that in this matter should be taken very seriously, as any made in the beginning of the process inaccuracy will affect subsequently degrading the result of all the work.
- How to choose the right tile
- Methods for laying tile
- Materials and tools
- How to prepare the surface
- Installation instructions tiles
- Laying tiles on the wall
- Laying tiles on the floor
- Methods and types of prirezki
- Grouting by the rules
- Videos for laying tile
How to choose the right tile
When buying tiles do not forget to buyabout 10% more of the calculated amount. Firstly, tile - brittle material, some of it may break during operation. Secondly, when laying the tiles have to be cut, and inevitably part of it goes to waste (especially in the process of laying a diagonal). And, thirdly, in the future you may need to replace a certain number of tiles, and you will be left tile of the same quality and color.
When choosing tile, no matter what - inexpensivedomestic refined tiles or representative import collections, you must ensure that faces are smooth and the corners - straight. The first option is checked, putting two tiles facing surface to each other. Snug fit - a sign of good quality. tile angles will be straight if its diagonals are equal.
For saunas, pools and bathrooms, it is desirablepurchase tiles with antislip properties for open spaces - frost. Pictograms on the packaging to help make the right choice. Floor tiles depicted a foot on a black background, and if the foot is drawn on the shaded background - this tiles with high wear resistance. Frost designated snowflakes.
Regardless of the specific qualities of tile first grade has a red package, the second grade - blue, and the third - green.
It is important to know! When laying tiles recommended use of different packages, the color of the surface to be more homogeneous.
Methods for laying tile
Facing the "straight number" - The most popular, classic sposobukladki. It differs simplicity and accessibility: elementary tiles laid one after the other, forming a vertical and horizontal rows.
Facing the "diagonal" - The most time-consuming and complex process requiring professional skills, but the result of the original look. Laid diagonal tiles visually expands the space.
Facing "in Extension" It reminds brickwork: a higher number of each tile is shifted by half a tile horizontally, so it is just above the middle of the seam between the bottom row of tiles.
Method cladding "honeycomb" It involves the use of hexagonal tiles. It is most commonly used for finishing the floor, but there are also a series for walls.
Modular stacking - The most original modern way, withwhich requires a set of tiles of various shapes and sizes to create a variety of patterns and designs. Many manufacturers offer ready-made models. But you can make a drawing and choose the tiles themselves.
After receiving information about the tile and the ways of its styling, detailed look at how to put a tile.
Materials and tools
For laying of tiles will need the following materials:
- tile adhesive;
- special wedges and spacers crosses (for the formation of correct joints);
as well as the need of such a tool:
- Building mixer;
- building level (and preferably two - one short and another long);
- notched trowel (with a comb tooth height 8-12 cm);
- rubber spatula;
- rubber mallet Laminating tiles to the wall;
- Bulgarian small with a smooth circle of the diamond;
- Ballerina with carbide tip (for drilling round holes).
How to prepare the surface
The tiles should be laid on the prepared flatsurface. It can be a wall lined with the help of drywall or plaster, floor screed level. No need to consider the option of uneven floors or walls, as in this case, the work is much more complicated: it is very difficult to achieve an even surface tiling. Furthermore, this will lead to a large overrun expensive adhesive.
Vertical walls can be checked using the level. If the change is greater than 0.5 millimeters per meter, be sure to align the wall with plaster.
The smoothness of the floor surface level also check and find out whether it needs to be aligned. Check and angles between walls using gon: they must be equal to 90 degrees.
Before working surface must be cleaned from dust and primed twice as deep penetrating primer.
Installation instructions tiles
Laying tiles on the wall
Why do I need to start laying the tiles from the walls? The fact is that if we start from the floor, in the process of follow-up work very dirty tiles, the joints can get construction waste. There is a possibility of falling on the floor heavy tools or materials, which can lead to cracking of the tiles.
So the walls are smooth, primed, proceed to the laying of tiles:
- Retreat from the screed surface at a distance,which we get by summing floor tile thickness, the adhesive layer and the deformation gap. For ease of use the best rail desired thickness: it will prevent the slipping down the tile, in other words, the entire indentation will store a number of tiles from the floor at the same distance.
- Knead the glue: pour into a bucket two liters of water, gradually add a glue mixture (according to the manufacturer's instructions), mix with a mixer solution. The consistency of the glue should be such that the solution was a plastic, but not liquid. Give him five minutes for maturation, mix again, and all - ready to glue.
- Take the tile in hand, determine in whichdirection will be placed. Look at the back of the tiles - the majority of manufacturers of paints arrow there. All shooters tiles should be directed in the same direction.
- On the backside of the tile glue is applied to a flat side of the trowel, then its toothed side we remove the excess glue.
Spatula keep perpendicular to the surface of the tiles to the ridges were the same height.
- Install the tiles in place, pressed against the wall and pripressovyvaya carefully tap the surface with a rubber hammer.
Likewise, set adjacent tiles without forgetting controlled with the level of their position relative to horizontal, vertical, and that the entire tile was in the same plane.
- If there are minor deviations fromplane can correct them, clutching a few tiles at a time to the wall using a long level. Insert the plastic spacers between the tiles crosses. If any tile is uneven, we use wedges and set it so that it can not affect the next.
Location tile can be adjusted, if necessary, for a few minutes after sticking, until the glue has not had time to grab.
- Similarly laid remaining rows, not forgetting to insert crosses at cross seams. This is to ensure that the seams formed a straight line and do not shift.
Laying tiles on the floor
On the floor tiles are placed almost as much as on the wall:
- Before laying tiles, floor coverprimer for better adhesion. The layout of the surface it is desirable to perform in such a way that in visible places seams are parallel to the walls and oblique prirezka hiding in inaccessible places or under furniture. The tile on the floor placed on the far corner of the room to the door.
- To determine how much will be whole rows, laid tile first shutout.
- Tile put, starting from the center, applied formarkup. Floor tiles, we like "dive" under the section of the previously laid wall tiles (then we were left to do the distance between the clamp and wall tiles). Therefore, you get an even stitch around the perimeter for which the use of the plinth necessarily.
- Apply glue to the tiles, level with a notched trowel, apply to the floor, and a rubber mallet rap that it fits snugly to the base and glue to better fill all voids.
- We control the horizontal stacking using a builder's level, applying it for accuracy in two ways.
- To the seams between the tiles have turned out the same, insert spacers crosses.
usually make a greater distance than that between the wall (crosses come in different sizes) between the floor tiles.
- If necessary, cut into tiles using the Tile.
- Do not forget to remove the spacers crosses before the adhesive hardens.
Important to remember! The seams between the tiles must be cleaned of glue immediately, because after drying to make it much more difficult.
Methods and types of prirezki
When laying the tiles almost never failsdo without his prirezki. Prirezku exactly can be done with Tile. Tile mark out, laid on the bed, draws a hard metal roller, then a special foot broken into two parts. Sometimes it is necessary to perform prirezki complex form: L-shaped, U-shaped, or cut a window in the tile.
Such prirezku make using grinders withdiamond circle. Cut the tiles using grinders better on the street, because the process is accompanied by a great noise, and the effect of a significant release of dust.
Besides the usual prirezki often necessarycut in tile round holes for sockets, pipes, various plumbing. In such cases, use Ballerina - adjustable cutting tools with carbide tipped out, which is attached to a drill and rotation cuts in tile desired diameter holes. by Cutting Work to be performed very carefully, thoroughly extinct every size, so as not to spoil the expensive tiles.
However, even with the most careful cuttingthe resulting cut can not be compared with the factory, so it is necessary to hide. In the corners prirezku hidden under a flat edge adjacent tiles adjacent walls, and can be a special corner. In other places, it is desirable to hide under prirezku casings and other accessories.
Grouting by the rules
No sooner than one day after laying tile,you can proceed to grout tile joints. Their pre-cleaned from dust and glue, tile wash. Trowel mixture was diluted with water so as glue, but in a smaller amount (to save material). These mixtures should have properties such as resistance to cracking and to weather conditions, environmental friendliness, ease of use.
Tip! Before grouting joints with a damp cloth is recommended for providing better grip to blend seams.
To ensure the quality of grouting, atPreparation of the solution is necessary to adhere strictly to the proportions of water specified by the manufacturer. The instruction also specifies the maximum thickness of the layer. The finished mixture is rubbed into the joints using a rubber spatula.
Excess grout mixture is removed from the surface of the tile with a damp sponge, mild diagonal and longitudinal movements of the joints.
Gently jammed joints hide existing smallDefects tile laying, but carelessly jammed joints - on the contrary, reduce to zero all your efforts. Therefore grouting - a task no less important than laying tiles.
When finished, do not need to rush to the operation of the finished room let pass at least three days, and only after that it will be possible to walk on the finished floor.
This requirement allows the floor to remain perfectly flat for many years.
Videos for laying tile
For clarity and better assimilation of the material you can see video instructions for laying tiles.
By and large, the whole process of laying tile -complex and painstaking work that requires complete dedication and responsible attitude to every stage of this work. But it's nice after a good wash laying tiles and admire the work done, and then to place the furniture, install plumbing, and use the results of their hard work.