How to put a tile in the bathroom
How to put tiles in the bathroom - A question of interest to many people whodecide to make notes of originality and modernity in this room, making a normal repair. Undoubtedly, this is an excellent lining material having durability, good toughness, resistance to temperature changes. And it's visually attractive and extremely easy maintenance. So step by step techniques are described in the article, that everything worked out qualitatively.
- Putting tools and materials
- Preparation of the base under the tile
- Layout - aesthetics guarantee
- Selecting the layout, the basic rules
Laying tiles on the wall
- How to glue the tiles on the floor
- Technology of grouting
Putting tools and materials
The process of laying tile is really simple,here we do not need specialized knowledge, the patience and the desire to do it all yourself. This will be saved the money that is better spent on a more expensive tile and sanitary ware. Of course, the laying of tiles in the bathroom begins with the definition of the design and choice of tile - single-colored tiles, mosaics, construction drawings.
Then you need to determine the area: this is calculated the area of the walls, the floor, added 5% to fight and scrap. But that's not all, you will need the following materials:
- a sufficient amount of tile adhesive;
- liquid waterproofing (if the walls are not moisture-proof);
- cloth, sponge.
We should not forget about the tools:
- tape measure and level;
- gear and rubber spatula;
- metallic profile;
- Drill (pobeditovye set of drills, whisk-head);
- Bulgarian and Tile;
- bucket mallet.
Preparation of the base under the tile
Laying tile in the bathroom is not possible without a"Dirty" work. Initially, all the furniture and plumbing is dismantled and removed from the bathroom. This is done in order to preserve the values and for operational space, it is so much easier to work. You also need to fight off the walls and floor tiles old, trying not to damage the substrate.
Important: This process should be carried out carefully so as not to aggravate the subsequent alignment surfaces.
The next important stage - directalignment. This is due to the fact that a perfect paving result caused evenness base. The walls are checked for the presence of the rule "trapped" the corners and holes. Detected faults are sealed carefully: for material wells using cement mortar, for small - starting putty.
Important: it is desirable to put on the walls of small grooves, such a trick will provide a better laying of tiles.
With regard to sex, to levelSignificant unevenness (more than 2.5 cm), it is necessary to use a cement-sand screed. Before you begin laying the tiles, you need to perform a waterproofing, that is, to coat the surface with a special solution.
Well, the final stage - taking out the trash and cleaning the room.
Layout - aesthetics guarantee
"The metronome" first row - also an important process,during which the need to bring the level of the whole room. With the water level in every corner of the recorded "zero", then calculated the number of tiles for the horizontal and vertical rows. After analyzing the calculations, it is clear where to start laying the tiles, and what angle will be "clipped" series.
Proper markup gives you the opportunity to decidewith decor planning: how often, in what order will be placed with the tile pattern. Options can be a lot, for example, refers to the classic checkerboard pattern, or in a horizontal row decor set at regular intervals.
If the calculations have been conducted, it is necessary to startweaning the first row (the first he had only in the literal sense). From the ground, at a distance equal to the height of the tile, metal profile is installed (can be applied to a piece of wood - the main thing that he was perfectly flat). This backup will allow to clearly establish the level of the first series, and will not give the tile "crawl" is not the solution hardens. After installation, you can already begin to close the masonry.
As for the adhesive, it is necessary to use only specialized tile and in the preparation of strictly observe proportion. The adhesive must have good consistency not dense, and not too runny.
Selecting the layout, the basic rules
Tile can be joined to each other on the basis of three basic options:
- straight seam - joint to joint;
- in Extension - brickwork;
- angled diagonally diamond - only when laying square tiles.
Each dock has advantages and disadvantages. For example, if we talk about the forward seam, it is strict, presentable, but boring.
Masonry rustic, but very comfortable inwork. Diamonds can be called more interesting, he hides the disproportion walls. And if you want something exclusive and individual, it is possible to create your own design, using different combinations, patterns and tone.
Laying tiles on the wall
How to lay tiles on the bathroom walls? Laying should start with a corner trowel a little glue is applied to the wall surface, and the second mass is leveled with a spatula to apply the adhesive on the tile.
Important: it is desirable to use a spatula with teeth, with the help of the band formed at the back of the tile.
When the first tile is installed, it should be slightlypress to check, even if she fell. Also, do not forget the plastic spacers, they are installed at the bottom and side walls - so you can not worry about the evenness of gaps.
Important: cross-shaped plastic spacers between the tiles are installed.
First 3-4 rows stacked up in a circlepremises, while constantly checked evenness level. laying process continues in a similar manner, the main rule - do not overdo it with the amount of glue and do not forget about the same girth. Plus, you need to remember about the decor elements (if any), to closely monitor the laying of tiles, avoiding the "sticking of" angles.
If you need to cut the tiles, there willTile. Using other tools is undesirable because they give rough edge defects. The best option - to buy your own Tile, not necessarily professional: a small and relatively inexpensive is fine.
How does the cutting process? Pre-cut line is marked, cut tiles on the front side. It should be a quick movement to hold a couple of times on the tile, then gently stab Tile by tile and all, the two halves are ready.
One of the significant problems - with tile cuttinground holes (water pipe outlet space, sockets, switches). This issue also has a special device that greatly simplifies the process. "Ballerina" - a drill with an attachment that has the shape of a compass, and they cut out all the necessary holes. The second option - "crown", this drill cutting easier, but cost him big. Therefore, if the tool will not be used frequently, then its purchase unprofitable. And one disadvantage: the "crown" must be selected under each hole, and "ballerina" can cut any diameters.
Before you glue the tiles in the bathroom need tothink about all the moments. For example, this applies to the door opening: it is necessary to calculate where best to start laying out and find out what will be done the slope, picking up the color of the tile lath.
It should also be analyzed in terms of stylingcutting tiles. It is desirable that in the end of the series remained a small piece of tile (less than 2.5 cm), it is difficult to cut, and the view is ugly. In this case it is better to start from the middle of a series, then you need to cut the tiles at the beginning of the series and at the end.
How to glue the tiles on the floor
To begin with, the floor tiles shoulddifferent from the tile to be placed on the wall. Some people mistakenly believe that in principle there is no difference, but it is a profound mistake. First, the floor tiles less slip, and this is a very important parameter in the operating conditions the bathroom. Secondly, it can withstand large power load.
Also it is necessary to pay attention, that sexualTiles are divided into classes: the first type is the least durable, intended for installation in bathrooms, the fourth class is the most durable, it is used in public establishments, and there the intensity of exploitation is extremely high.
- if the surface is leveled, waterproofing done, you can start laying the tiles;
- preparation of the solution: the best option - dry mortar, which consists of plasticizers. The mixture was diluted with water (in the strict proportions) and mix thoroughly with a mixer construction;
- Technology laying tiles on the floor littledifferent techniques facing walls. It starts with laying the farthest corner of the door. On the surface, a layer of glue on the floor tile is laid. The cut pieces are arranged along the walls;
- you must make sure that the tile was placed on the same level. As for the rubber hammer, it is used to shrink: slightly pristukivaya need to "besiege" the tiles to a certain level;
- because the floor can be faucets, plumbing pipe exits, the cladding is delayed, because with such obstacles have to tinker;
- to dry the floor can not walk, then such action may be the root cause of peeling tiles.
Technology of grouting
The front part of the tiles must be wiped from the glueimmediately, because after the solidification process will be long and extremely unpleasant. The final touch at the end styling is grouting. It can be purchased in a specialty store, while it can be of different colors and tonalities.
Important: you need to take care of the harmonious combination of tile and grout, choose a suitable color.
For quality grout need to knowsome nuances which guarantee a good result. When laying the wall tiles were left small gaps, it is necessary to use a grout-free sand. Conversely, grout with sand normally used for floor tiles, there seams wider.
Grouting is not advisable to start early,than a day after the laying of tiles. The fact that it occurs through evaporation glue seams moisture, that is, if the ignore time, the glue will not dry properly.
For extra traction andelasticity can be added to the grout latex solution. Just do not go on about the poorly informed people who offer to save and diluted latex milk in half with water. The additive should be used only to the concentration of that recommended by the manufacturer. These savings only reduces the effect. However, this addition will give difficulties in the final cleaning, but in the end increase the durability of the coating.
Then grout is mixed with an additive andmixed. The mixture is then necessary at the time of leave alone (a few minutes). It is very important to many mixtures do not cook only the amount that you need to work on some area, for example, for one wall.
Use a rubber grout troweldistributed over the surface. At the same time it should be held at an angle, moving in a diagonal direction - so much better filled with grout. Then make sure that all the joints are filled with a mixture of high quality. By the time until the grout will be over the wall, place the start of the work will be ready for further purification.
Important: read the instructions for use will never be over.
Clean the tile, though boring, but easy. To do this, prepare a bucket of warm water and a sponge. Sponge is pushed and it is completely wiped off all the walls: it must be held at an angle of 45 degrees to the seams and never wipe in a parallel direction. This method allows you to save the grout in the joints. After washing is plaque, which can be removed by wiping the surface, such as an old T-shirt.
After 21 days it is recommended to treat the sealant joints, sealing and filled spaces around the cut out holes.
In general, a large amount of time is spent onpreliminary preparation and the start of laying. In the process, there is a necessary skill, work faster. It really put the tiles on the walls and on the floor for two weeks. If it is, of course, does not a professional tiler. But then it will be pleasant to look at their works, and money will be saved.