How to make the filling the floor with their hands
Well, master craftsmen? How are things progressing with the repair of the apartment? Going to have something to do with gender? But there is not a bad idea - to make flood the floors with their own hands. By the way, it is not so difficult. Just standing still seized with the assistant, then the possibility of error is significantly reduced.
- Why choose floor fill?
- Preparing for the future work
- Preparing the old floor
- Primer prepared surface
- Flooded floors - applying technology mix
- Preparation of the solution
- Priming the floor with their hands
Why choose floor fill?
With each passing day increases the impact on ourlife of modern technologies. That filler floor - one of the latest innovations. Of course, for industrial buildings such floors apply enough time. However, at home, the level of housing such innovation came out not too long ago. But enough of such equality benefits.
- Filler (leveling) floors differ excellent strength, durability and considerable service life - up to 40 years
- When properly filling the floor turns monolithic, no seams or crevices and is almost perfectly flat surface
- After drying, the filler floor it does not emit toxic or harmful substances and is not afraid of the impact of chemically active agents
- One of the fundamental properties of the filler is an excellent waterproofing floor
- Properly filled the floor is easy to clean because they do not absorb dirt and dust
- And finally, thanks to recent advances in this area, flood floors have a significant decorative features and retain their color even under intense UV light
Since scientists have worked well to increase theDiversity, then now you can choose different color and texture of the floor flooded. Your new floor can be shiny or matte, one-color or patterned, smooth or rough.
In addition, you can use it to fill the floor before leveling flooring other floor coverings. On the floor plane of the filler can be laid parquet, laminate, linoleum or carpet.
Preparing for the future work
Preparing the old floor
The most difficult thing in the flooded floor technology - to carry out preliminary activities properly. And you should start to prepare the ground.
Which substrate can be poured floors? There are only three options:
- concrete screed
- wood floors
- ceramic tile
But in any case the basis for the filling the floor must be sufficiently robust and not prone to change, otherwise your floors will not be able to serve for as long as the manufacturer promises.
Important to know: whatever the basis for filler floor, its moisture content should be minimal. Unless this condition is met, the floor may be deformed due to swelling or crack
Thus, the concrete screed - is the best optionfoundations. You only need to ensure that the concrete floor was quite a whole (no cracks), dry (humidity of the concrete before pouring - no more than 4%) and clean.
For wood flooring work foundations will be more -check the strength of the boards themselves and their attachment to the joists, Shpatlevanie slots (the substrate must be airtight), humidity control (for the tree - a maximum of 10%) and again purity.
Ceramic tiles are also checked forintegrity and a perfect seal. If rapping board substrate heard a thud, it is necessary to remove a loose tile and either zashpatlevat this place or re-lay it more reliable.
Important to know: any basis under the filling the floor must be clean - free of dust, debris, old paint, adhesive residues and grease, so the foundation before the primer is best to vacuum and degrease
Convinced of the strength and tightness of the basics,should check for flatness. Various floor filler mixture can be filled to a height of 2-3 mm to 2-5 cm. It would seem that this is quite enough to think about the alignment of the substrate surface. On the one hand, it is true, but dry mixes Floor Filler are not cheap. Although, if you're rich enough, you can pour the floors in several layers for a perfect plane. However, a more thrifty masters prefer to walk on the way with the grinder, then to pour a layer of flooring optimum thickness (no more than 5 mm).
Primer prepared surface
For the most complete adhesion of the filling floor withThe substrate must be primed with the prepared surface of the old floor. The primer should properly fill all pores or even microcracks of the surface. Therefore, priming is best done in two stages. In general, do not regret the primer - at a price it is quite affordable. But if the surface is badly primed, you will have to put a lot more on the correction of the floor. Especially expensive in this case, there are difficulties with removing the incorrectly filled area.
Thus, using a surface gruntuemroller. You can use it and brush and airless spray, but the cushion gives the best result. We track the behavior of the primer. Foaming and color change may indicate moisture foundations. Then we'll all be thoroughly dried to remove excess moisture. The second primer layer is applied only after the initial drying. As a result, we need to get a smooth glossy surface.
To dry the primer should be at least 4-6 hours, but not more than a day. And only then we begin to fill our new floor.
Flooded floors - applying technology mix
Preparation of the solution
Make a solution for floor-filler is necessary, following the instructions on the packaging of the mixture. Of the general recommendations should know the following:
- always dry mixture is added to water
- the amount of water should closely matchinstructions, since the more water your floor will be of poor quality and quickly covered with cracks, with a smaller amount of the same solution will not flow properly, can get nodules and irregularities due to too rapid curing solution
- the resulting solution should be thoroughly mixed, it is best to do the mixing attachment on a drill
- the solution should be completely uniform, without clumps or clots
It is important to know: be checked for correct proportions and water mixture can be as follows: in a plastic lid 5 cm in diameter and 4.5 cm in height (for example, any cap on the aerosol) cut the bottom. By setting the resulting ring on a smooth surface (glass good fit), pour it into the prepared solution to the brim, and then remove the ring. In case the solution right consistency to spread on the stain should be 16-18 cm
The solution begins to harden after 40 minutes already(More precise time indicated on the package), so in the meantime it must be applied to the substrate. The process should be continuous, so it is best to work together - one pours, the other is preparing the next portion of the mixture.
Priming the floor with their hands
The very floor filling procedure prepared solution is quite simple. Photo: jellied floor - steps correctly fill.
Starting from the wall opposite the entrance, fillLots prepared solution. Screed to the desired thickness of the squeegee or trowel. Was removed from the still liquid mixture bubbles aeration roll. To avoid damaging the already drenched areas in which there are additional works, you can use kraskostupy - special soles with studs, attached to the shoe.
It is important to know: in the process of drying freshly poured floor should avoid drafts and influence to direct sunlight, otherwise the drying will be uneven and can cause a variety of violations - from the "caramel" effect (when the upper layer is dried out, and the inside remains liquid) to the explosive separation plot filler floor from the base (if uneven heating of the sun's rays)
For monolithic filler planefloor, the room is recommended to fill in one step. This ensures the absence of joints and seams. If the room is too large, then it is better to turn to professionals. Professionals will be able to dock areas, flooded at different times, to form a common flat surface.
That's it - a day (or how much to set asidedrying the manufacturer) at the output we get a nice flat floor. If you decide to stop it, then it is possible to cover floor varnish filler. And if you want to put some more coverage, then the next step is its styling. But more about that in another article.
Good luck to you repair and durable flooring!