How to choose a floorboard
Practicality democratic floorboard inventedand put into production in the '40s of the last century. It appeared as a viable alternative to expensive one unit parquet floor. Popular flooring now produce hundreds of companies are constantly improving their product. Every year on the market comes with a lot of collections of stunning design and improved performance. An extensive range of the upgraded product is able to puzzle even experienced buyer abundance. Advice and information about what to pay attention to the properties and how to choose floorboard, will help determine the future acquisition of experienced and inexperienced future owners.
- Selection: account operating conditions
- Examine the documents attached to the product
- The size of the floor covering elements
- One- or three-strip board?
- Characteristics of single material
- Two-way parquet board
- Longstrip parquet
- The new word - multiband
- Type selection and decorative figures
- Wood is one of the landmarks
- The varnish or oil impregnation? Information for buyers
Attractive side floorboard better than any advertising to convince rational arrangement of commercial, office and residential premises with the help of this material.
- floor device using floorboard takes a much smaller period of time than is required for a rigorous combination of dice parquet.
- Cheaper installation.
- Significantly lower prices fully prepared to perform sex work.
- Parquet board does not need to scrape, grind and thoroughly applied several layers of protective and decorative varnish.
- does not respond to this floor covering Due to the special design as sharply as parquet flooring, fluctuations in moisture levels in the temperature differences.
Certified manufacturers of parquet boards lifetimes lower than presentable parquet, but in the case of replacement of the global interior alterations will not be painful for the family budget.
Selection: account operating conditions
Technical priorities floorboarddue to structural elements of the specifics of the floor covering. Their resembles a sandwich structure composed of three or more layers of different values for the wood. The fibers of the upper facial veneer made of expensive wood fibers are perpendicular underlying layer. Structural components of the lower layer is again attached "to cross" the previous.
Due to the alternation of direction slatlayered system perfectly brings all the burdens of household effects. However, from an excess of moisture, it can still go wrong. For laying parquet boards in areas with unfavorable conditions for wood, most manufacturers do not recommend what narrate instructions supplied with the product.
Parquet board for the manufacture of whichapplies only wood, it belongs to the category of products with high environmental criteria. It is suitable for arrangement of children's rooms and bedrooms, it is used to furnish living rooms, home offices, respectable offices. There are options that are designed specifically for sports facilities and ballrooms. Information about the operational specificity and the ability of flooring to resist dynamic and static load indicated in the labeling.
Examine the documents attached to the product
All those wishing to put floorboard shouldexamine the information provided by the manufacturer. Good products are delivered, accompanied by certificates and complete technical documentation package. Reliable company, closely related to your customers, be sure to indicate all the details that you need to consider the future users. The recommendations drawn up by the ropes are bound to have information about:
- Does this modification is compatible with the "warm floor" system;
- on what basis you can put a series offered for sale;
- Is exploitation of wood flooring available in the rooms are not equipped with the climate system.
Potential buyers, puzzled question"What floorboard to choose" to be interested in information about the maximum width of the floor. This feature displays the strength of the tool joint. A number of recent brands from leading manufacturers can "boast" Fitted floor with a width of 16-18 m. This means that sours end locks for paving, you can select a cross or diagonal direction, without fear that the load placed along the opposite wall or furniture weighty in the winter there will be gaps.
An important parameter - the permissible roughness intended for arrangement of the base.
This figure, as well as previous response,be sure to indicate the responsible provider in contrast to the dubious firms. Most durable mark distinguishes tolerance of 3 mm on a two-meter length of floor covering generally permitted standard deviation of 2 mm per meter board.
Information about the maximum allowable roughnessrequired for competent selection of adhesive. The need to use adhesive with enhanced strength properties can significantly increase the cost of the paving as a whole. Before the buyer dilemma again, to buy expensive stuff and cheap glue or choose a different combination?
In any case, saving on glue is not necessary, even if it is only used for hardening of tool joints in a floating floor structure.
The size of the floor covering elements
According to the regulations of the European standardsFloorboards released with a length of elements at 2-2.5 meters, a width of up to 20-cm., the thickness is much greater. Power of the thinnest material 7 cm, the size of the thickest boards 26 cm.
Important. Due to the small thickness of the thinnest veneer wood flooring options such material can not scrape.
Restore the decorative qualities can besanding strips equipped with a working layer capacity exceeding 4 mm. It 13-15millimetrovye stamps used for arrangement of public spaces and housing.
For the device to a wear-resistant durable floorIdeal for heavy terrain is mainly used in floor boards with a thickness of 20 mm. The thickness of the veneers in contact with the soles of shoes and furniture, in these instances is equal to or greater than 6 mm. Parquet boards with a capacity of 22 mm or more is recommended for laying floors subjected to intense dynamic loading. It can be laid directly on the subfloor at the joists.
One- or three-strip board?
One of the classification features parquetthe board is the number of rows of plates that make up the top layer of material. Based on what floor covering is divided into different types, the characteristics of which are given below.
Characteristics of single material
Plank, veneered one wholebar. Facial layer is represented by its solid formation expensive tree species. The material is distinguished natural beauty of the structure, the natural beauty of the picture, depending on the cutting technology. The method of cutting the wood affects the shade of the surface layer on the distinctiveness of the natural lines and the presence of defects inherent in the tree. Single-sideband parquet board is selected to visually expand the scope of geometric space.
Two-way parquet board
Its working layer is composed of two perfectlyfitted slats. The components may be solid, continuous over the entire length of the board, or divided into two or three segments. Figure bi cover more diverse, its specificity is also influenced by the type of selection.
The top layer is made of three three-wayparallel rows of slats. The most demanded material having the classic look of a piece of the parquet floor. The collection of three-way parquet board have options with the location segments famous parquet herringbone braid, with traditional longitudinal orientation of all components.
The new word - multiband
Multiband board - a pioneering innovationin recent years, deservedly valued by designers and consumers. The decorative layer it is assembled by hand from a small area of the individual components. veneer slats perfectly adjusted, butt joints are often difficult to identify visually. Finished products are striking elegance shades range, structure beauty. Multiband floorboard prefer to lay in areas with ascetic design. It is in itself - rich interior element focuses. Its advantage lies in the invisibility of minor defects that may occur during operation.
Type selection and decorative figures
The list of issues, united in a single sentence"How to choose floorboard," is not the last place is occupied by decorative criteria. They are directly dependent on the method of sawing logs for veneer blanks. Cutting Technology affect the strength characteristics of the surface layer, the presence / absence and the number of defects. In the production of components for wood flooring use:
- Radial sawing method, performed in parallelcommon rail trunk. As a result, a smooth image is obtained dies longitudinally arranged fibers with a uniform color and a maximum level of stability.
- Tangential type of cut, tangential to the structural rings trunk. Timber, sawn tangential way, the figure distinguishes originality.
- Rustic cut, to perform the angle which is not regulated. Veneers made on rustic cutting technology, is characterized by heterogeneity of color and pattern.
According to the external parameters laid down and saw cutprocessing, selection of bars made for the formation of a single party. The criteria for selection, ie, sorting, are color, pattern strips and the presence of defects on it. Basically, the market is supplied flooring, sorted according to the following types of selection:
- Selekt - the most demanding type of sorting,suggesting the formation of a party with perfectly smooth flavor, the highest technical performance with a nice uniform pattern. Such material is sawn radial manner.
- Natur - selection of species, allowing in the shipmentthe presence of non-uniform color transitions, the differences in the natural figure, small-caliber minor defects. The production batch, sorted by breeding requirements natures selected material with a top layer made radial and tangential saw cut.
- Rustic - view the selection without restrictions in the type ofIt cuts, but predetermining sorting by quality indicators and coloring. Figure floorboard Rustic most colorful, even colorful, possible inclusion of sapwood and knots.
Famous trade and production campaignsuch as Tarkett, use their grading classification. Their collections of the brand are present, selected according to the criteria of selection Premium demanding selection Robust, close to the rustic varieties, and other variations.
However, significant variations in the selection,regulated by the standard EN, no. The cost of material for the floor is subject to the type of sorting. The selection was more demanding, the better the quality, but also the higher the price.
Wood is one of the landmarks
Future owners are interested in well-equipped housinga lot of questions. What attracts one or another flooring: what better fit in a given interior compositions, which brand will fit perfectly with existing furnishings or with a brand new decoration? A significant factor for the consumer - durability. Resistance to abrasion and density interconnected with strength also important parameters. All these indicators are defined timber, supplying selected products manufacturer.
To make the carrier layer parquet boardMost manufacturing companies are using northern softwood. They are distinguished by the stability and strength of the entire area of the floor covering. Sometimes the bottom layer is made from rubber trees, characterized by resinous and moisture resistance. The rocks of the lower layer is not prone to deformation, are protected from the effects of moisture due to the presence of natural ingredients.
For veneering wood flooring planksused as a growing European and Asian breeds so exotic wood from other continents. The most popular material is equipped with oak veneer. Beauty and oak strength over time not only conserved, but increases. Wood it affects the abundance of noble beige, yellow, shades of cognac.
Pale yellow with sparkles like wood ashthose who want to visually enlarge the room. On the strength characteristics of ash is not much inferior to oak. Solar paint beech designers recommend everything for children. In addition, the beech is not as strong as a stone like a mighty oak wood, because it is used for the arrangement of rooms with small loads.
Many like creamy flavor of maple,which is also quite durable material. Proponents of interior refinements often prefer pink cherry flavor, full-bodied coffee and soft cream-colored nuances. Solid brown floor golden divorce happens when laying the boards of merbau, growing in Indonesia. For the device almost black plank floor is used with veneer Wenge African breed. Flooring with an obverse layer from Kempas stain the bottom of the room plane in amazing brick-orange tones.
The varnish or oil impregnation?
Oil or multi-layer lacquer coatingmanufacturers apply to the material in the manufacturing process. This fact - one of the priority side floorboard, not in need of treatment after installation. Most often, the varnish is applied in five layers, it is made by curing by UV irradiation. Zakalivaya surface in this way, manufacturers increase the stability of wood and resilience. Treated with varnish the floor is easy to care, no moisture enters the closed pores natural organics.
Multicomponent parquet oil, comprisingwhich has a resin, wax and vegetable fats, impregnates a material naturally without closing the pores. Paul, processed oil "breathes", but the fatty components of the moisture in the wood texture is not passed. Though rare light wet cleaning may be coated with an oil composition flooring require a more careful and attentive attitude. The argument in favor of the oil-processing boards recognize not a difficult restoration of worn and scratched areas.
After studying the properties and characteristics, it is easymake a choice in favor of the priority of flooring that meets individual requirements. Knowing the basic guidelines, it is easier to make a qualitative assessment of the product in terms of the future owner, and taking into account individual requirements.