As a self-laid laminate in apartment
Your old flooring already rather youfed up? Linoleum frayed and carpet fray with age? I want to change? They are closer than you think! Laminate - the most modern and stylish way to decorate the floor in your apartment. Inexpensive, fashionable, beautiful. It's easy to buy (range such that your eyes get tired to choose), it is easy to deliver (ordinary passenger car would be enough), it is easy to install (to cope with this task can be even 10-year-old child). Yet both lay laminate flooring, because surely in this case there are "pitfalls"? Let's solve this problem together!
- Step 1: Prepare the subfloor
- Step 2. Place the substrate
- Step 3. Puts laminate
- Rules laying adhesive laminate
- How to lay laminate with locks type «Click»
- We put laminate with locks type «Lock»
Step 1: Prepare the subfloor
The very first thing you have to do forarrival home from the store - to put laminate directly in their original packaging in the room where you plan to repair. In this state, it has to "rest" for several days (2-3). What is it for? Laminate is getting used to the environment, where he will hold a "remnant" of his life.
To laminate lying flat and you do not have served oneyear, need to be taken very seriously to leveling the subfloor. If the old wooden floor, check whether the board are safe and whether they fit all adjacent to each other. Finding irregularities and distortions, they should be remedied by replacing the most "crooked" and most of the old boards new, or just use the polishing.
If the base concrete, it does not necessarilyresorting to equalization using screed or other labor-intensive methods, you just make sure that the floor is not too marked defects as something bumps and holes. Well, if these irregularities too visible, all the same you have to spend and the time and effort and money on the screed or self-leveling base.
Step 2. Place the substrate
How to lay laminate flooring? This question can someone bring a smile, someone's fear of the unknown, but someone does and says he is not interested in the answer. Sometimes it is better to know in advance what to be, than to search for information, making calls to friends and neighbors, or frantically "chattering" on the keyboard laptop. So, in order that all really was according to the rules, it is necessary to lay a polyethylene film and the substrate, which will act as a "cushion", softening the physical load on the laminate.
Polyethylene is the need for a vapor barrier, because moisture- The main enemy of the laminate, especially if the attacks are carried out "in the rear." It keeps the film in the direction perpendicular to that in which you will be putting laminate. Seams formed between polyethylene webs can seal ordinary stationery tape, and that the film is not "run away" while laying laminate in several places it is possible to further fix the small pieces of masking tape.
On top of the vapor barrier keeps the substrate, which, as it takes a "blow" to himself, thereby increasing the service life of the flooring.
Step 3. Puts laminate
Laminate stacking method depends on whethersystem is used to lock the panels themselves, and whether it exists at all. Yes, there is also a laminate, which does not lock, and laid on a floor with an adhesive, which acts as a preservative. Let's take a closer look at the technology of laying laminate flooring in all three cases.
Rules laying adhesive laminate
The adhesive laminate is one thing, but an undeniableadvantage - all joints are protected from moisture thanks to the adhesive, which prolongs the life of flooring for several years. But there is a disadvantage, however, in comparison with the advantage of it is scanty small - your cost of repairs will increase by an amount equal to the price of a special adhesive. Although there is one drawback - if you decide to move and pick up a laminate, it will not work with you, because make out what it was firmly glued together and at the same time nothing is impossible to damage.
Laying laminate glue to start withapplying adhesive to the ends of the panels. And continue to operate on a "tongue and groove" described in the previous paragraph. Each panel before connecting to the previous lubricate the adhesive composition, but do not do it "by eye", read the instruction, which necessarily included and to laminate and glue.
Do not skimp on the last - buy just the glue that is designed specifically to carry out such work, otherwise you run a high risk to become victims of their own greed is.
The excess glue immediately remove from the surfacelaminate with a damp cloth, and then you have to deal with more and scrubbing the floors of dried droplets which are not so easy to agree to leave the "long occupied a place."
How to lay laminate with locks type «Click»
Begin laying laminate should be at the far corner of the door, on the left side of the room. To orient the panel is best along the wall in the direction of the light incident from the window.
According to pre-set the perimeter of the roomwedges, the thickness of which must not be less than 10 mm - a trim gap, which with any method of laying the laminate takes place (upon completion of these wedges are removed).
Important: the size of the near-wall clearance is calculated from the ratio of 1.5 mm per 1 meter length of the room. That is, if the room 12 meters length, the gap width should be at least 18 mm.
The first panel is placed in the left corner of the wall. The second - is inserted into the end face of the first panel at an angle of about 30 degrees and clipped by pressing it to the floor. So "Makarov" you need to get to the end of the wall and the last board can be cut if necessary.
The second row must be a little shift to hisjoints do not become a continuation of the first row. To do this, the first board can be 3-4 cm cut off, and then turn out the same order of chess, which not only gives a beautiful aesthetic premises, but also allows you to evenly distribute the load on the entire coverage area.
You can use a scrap from the first row to start the second.
Each number must be collected separately, connectingtogether with the ends of the panel. When the number of fully assembled, it is necessary to combine two consecutive series. To this end, the second row at an angle of 30 degrees inserted into the crest of the first and is latched by pressing until it stops.
As you can see, the answer to the question: "How to lay laminate own?" It was very simple, so you can safely proceed to the task. Although the weather! After all, there is a laminate with type «Lock» locks.
We put laminate with locks type «Lock»
The laminate of this type is considered to be more economical, although less reliable, because this compound is much more often fails to create various deformations on the floor.
Stack-like laminate is quite simple - spikea panel should go into the other slot. You do not even need to do anything to snap, although you'll need a few more tools, such as a hammer and a wooden block.
You need all started with the same left-hand corner. Stacked first panel, then the second end. But! It needs to bring horizontally and use the bar and a hammer, which you will incite the second panel as long as it firmly enters into the groove for the connection.
Having laid so the first row of laminate, go to the second, but again, do not forget about the displacement, which will give you a chess order.
It would seem that everything is the same, but no! The second series begins differently than in the case of type «Click» laminate. The first panel of the second row after it drank immediately connected to the first panel of the first row (do not need to collect the whole series, and then connect it to the first!). Then take the second panel and, stepping back a few centimeters from the first, connecting it with the next panel of the first row, and only then, easily shoving her mallet, combine the two panels of the second row with each other.
So, you can now make sure that the installation of laminate - it is one day, and not weeks, as it may seem initially. The main thing - to start and finish you can already easily.