Mounting and installation of drywall partitions
Increasingly, undertaking repairs, the owners of apartments,office or other premises of destination resort to the redevelopment. This is done in order to better ergonomic use of the available space in which the old walls are dismantled and built new walls of modern building materials. The most popular at the moment of installation of drywall partitions, to conduct which requires a minimum amount of time, effort and money. This lightweight construction material is an excellent alternative to the usual bricks and concrete blocks, taking into account the optimal combination of price and quality. Also attracted plasterboard and simplicity of the device interior partitions, requiring a minimum of tools and additional materials.
- Types of drywall for building walls
- Set the necessary tools to work
- Plasterboard partitions: Technology of work
- Layout - starting stage
- Installation guide profiles
- Installation vertical (rack) profiles
- Fixing plasterboard sheets to the frame
Types of drywall for building walls
- gypsum plasterboard - Three-layer sheet consisting of a buildinggypsum (grade G4) which is pasted on both sides of thick paper. The width of the sheet is 1200 mm, the length ranges from 2000 to 3000 mm, and thickness - from 6 to 12.5 mm. Depending on the destination premises, you can select the appropriate version of the drywall, are divided into types:
1) ordinary gypsum board (plasterboard);
2) vlagostoysky (gypsum plasterboard);
3) Refractory (GKLO)
4) drywall with combined properties of water resistance and fire resistance.
- The guide profiles of Mo (UW).Markirovka There are different, soexperts recommend to focus on the size of the metal profiles. For the manufacture of partitions suitable guide profiles with dimensions 50x40, 75h40 and 100h40. Length also is a constant equal to 3 m. In order to determine the required number of profiles of the perimeter walls are divided into three, and rounded off to an integer value in a big way. If the baffle implies a double frame, the number obtained by doubling calculation.
- Rack profiles PS (CW) characterized by the presence of the guide profilestop shelves, creating additional rigidity. The number of data elements depends on what is selected installation of drywall partitions. There are many options, so the calculation is carried out in each case individually.
- Corner profiles.
- Plugs for speedy installation. They are used when fixing the guide profiles. These fasteners may be replaced with a plain black screws in the management of work in the wooden house.
- ScrewsWhose length is 25 mm. Used when fixing plasterboard sheets to metal frame, sometimes they are held together by rails and wall profiles.
- Wooden sticksThat enhance the design of the wall sections in places, involving the installation of doors.
Set the necessary tools to work
- Punch. Without this tool to count on prompt execution of works can not. Its presence is mandatory if the room reinforced concrete walls and floors. If the installation of drywall partitions in the panel is planned to house or building, made of reinforced concrete, it is necessary to select a reliable and powerful punch for everyday use.
- Drill can replace the hammer, if the partition installation will be carried out in a wooden house.
- Plummet. Ignore the use of this tool is by no means impossible, as it plummet allows for qualitative performance of works. In addition to well-known in the construction of devices, you can use the laser plummet, modifications which differ in the number of rays (two or four beams).
- Level. Some experts replace plummet two good long levels. However, when this accuracy indicators deteriorate. In one case, the level of efficiency plummet: to verify the accuracy of the vertical profiles of exhibiting in the doorway they feel more comfortable.
- Screwdriver. It makes the process of screwing the drywall sheets to the profile frame quick and pleasant. Who has not got it in everyday life fit and construction tool, can use a drill, having bought it necessary nozzles in the set or separately.
- Nozzle for screws. Available for screwdrivers, but they are well suited to drill.
- Metal shears required for cuttingmetal frames in accordance with the size of the partition. You can replace the tool grinder machine or, if they already have in stock. Specially to buy such instruments are not profitable for a single use.
- A hammer. What else can score dowels are designed for quick installation.
- Wallpaper knife will need to cut drywall sheets.
- Tape measure and pencil markings to help perform wherever needed.
Plasterboard partitions: Technology of work
From the standpoint of processinstallation of drywall partitions is divided into four phases, except for a requirement for plastering and finishing decorating. The work begins with the markup, and then carried out the installation of guide profiles. Then proceed to install rack-mount profiles.
In the fourth stage, the patch drywall sheets for the construction of the frame. That's what a sketchy plan of conducting works. It is necessary to dwell at each stage.
Layout - starting stage
Begin to make the markup for future partitionthe floor on which the pencil (marker) is applied to mark the front and rear faces erected structure. Further deviate from the intended line partitions inside of the space to the thickness of the sheet of plasterboard that is 1.2 cm (provided that the sheathing consists of one layer). Carry out a new line, which will be posted and the guide profile. On the surface of the ceiling mark is transferred using a plumb, spending on them a direct line that will also be exhibited guide profile.
Installation guide profiles
Cutting profile is carried out in accordance withthe size of the future partition. Begin fastening profile with the floor, then move on to the ceiling. At the same time, experts advise not to forget about the use of self-adhesive sealing tape. It is stuck at the junction of the metal profile to the mating surfaces, providing greater sound insulation design. Fastening the profile to the main surface is performed dowels in increments of one meter, but not less than three on every single frame member.
Installation vertical (rack) profiles
These works are not very complicated, as the verticalprofiles are inserted into the structure already anchored to the floor and ceiling. This ensures the presence of a metal profile and places doorways sheets at joints. It is also necessary to fix one profile in the middle between the mating elements. They are separated from each other by the width of the sheet of drywall equal to 1.2 meters. Thus, it turns out that the grid is performed with a step equal to a maximum of 0.6 m. Professionals recommend frame for greater strength to reduce the distance between the vertical profiles of up to 0.4 m. However, we must understand that this is due to additional costs, as the number of the required profile increases in half. To enhance the profiles used sticks made of wood, with cross section of 40x50 or 40x40. Especially it is important to perform at the locations of the doorways. In the future this will avoid difficulties during installation of the door. If the door is not meant for the project, the gain may be waived.
Fixing plasterboard sheets to the frame
For the convenience of fixing plasterboard sheets tovertical profiles of their middle point on the floor and on the ceiling. Installing interior partitions finished fastening to the structure erected sheets of plasterboard, and the first run with a solid material. Then, already beginning to reveal pieces of drywall, armed with a tape measure, knife and residue profile, on which it will be convenient to carry out the cut cardboard "shirt." After this operation, the sheet take "on a break", cutting board and with a second hand. If the resulting incision uneven, it is calibrated with a knife or planer. Plasterboard sheets are fastened with screws to the metal sheets such as "gypsum-metal", keeping step of 200-250 mm.
In this installation of drywall partitionscompleted and begin decorating, in which first shpaklyuyut seams and screws place entry. Then, if necessary, treatment is carried out putty entire surface of the baffle. Completes work fine finish. Malleable material opens opportunities for accomodations interiors design, in which all sorts of walls play an important role.