Arrangement of partitions of drywall
Currently plasterboard partitionsgained wide popularity and won the love of both builders and simple consumers. The fact that this design has many advantages. Firstly, finished partition is different smooth surface, which allows immediately after installation to use different finishes: paint, wallpaper or other materials. Secondly, gypsum boards have good performance, in particular, they are vapor-permeable. This allows them to create the most optimal microclimate in a residential area. Furthermore, plasterboard partitions are safe in a fire, because fire resistant enough. The ability to mount partitions of any configuration and is an undoubted advantage of this material.
- plasterboard sheets - ideal cladding metal frame
- The basis of interior design - metal frame
- The guide profiles (PN) for plasterboard partitions
- Rack profiles
- Corner profiles for the device partition joints
- Insulation plasterboard partitions
Construction of the wall can bedifferent. Thus, the metal frame cladding can be single-layer or double-layer. The thickness of the frame used to create profiles may also be different.
Speaking about the device of partitionsplasterboard, determine their main elements. These include direct gypsum boards, metal frame of the profiles (rack, rails, corners) and insulating materials.
plasterboard sheets - ideal cladding metal frame
Plasterboard sheets (FCL), often referred to as gypsum board or drywall. Their main purpose is the production of false ceilings, various types of partitions and wall cladding.
The structure of this finishing material enoughsimple: it consists of a core made of gypsum cardboard and cladding. The core is often made from gypsum brand G-4, which is characterized by all the properties required for construction and finishing works. FCL made on the basis of plaster, it helps absorb excess moisture from the air, and at its lack - of its release. Thus, the drywall can truly be considered "breathable" material.
Ready gypsum core coveredlinerboard. Qualitative adhesion of the two materials is carried out by means of special adhesive additives. Cardboard - a kind of skeleton sheet of drywall, which, among other things, is also a working surface for decorating.
To date, there are several different versions of the GCR, each of which meets the requirements in different environments. It can be distinguished:
- Gypsum plasterboard. This plasterboard is used in environments with high humidity. Such sheets are subject to special treatment different waterproofing compounds and preservatives.
- GKLO ideal for those rooms where quite large risk of fire. certain additives that increase fire resistance used in the manufacture of the drywall.
- PCG - combined sheets of drywall.
The basis of interior design - metal frame
The basis of plasterboard partitions - it ismetal carcass. His installation made of several kinds of profiles, each of which has specific functional tests. For the manufacture of profiles, generally used steel tape. Its thickness can vary from 0.55 mm to 0.8 mm. Profiles produced by cold rolling.
Protection profiles from negative influencesEnvironment provides them with zinc. Normal air environment contributes to the formation of carbon zinc on the surface profile. A layer of zinc protects the profile against the spread of the oxidation process. The effectiveness of such a protective coating of zinc caused quite a strong grip and a steel surface.
Undoubtedly, the metal frame should bestrong enough to withstand not only its own weight but also the weight of sheets of drywall finishing material of the future and the possible external components, such as hours or paintings. To ensure a high degree of strength of the used profiles help stiffeners, taking place on the profile plane. Externally, they resemble the corrugations along.
Profiles can be:
The guide profiles (PN) for plasterboard partitions
The guide profiles are one of thethe main frame members for partitioning. They have a special section in the form of channel bars. The main purpose of these profiles is to provide a guiding framework for rack-mount counterparts. In addition, the profiles of the guide can act as bridges located between rack-mount profiles. This need may arise, for example, when installing the door frame in the wall.
Each profile has a special guide holes for dowels with which the frame is attached to the base. additional holes can be drilled at will.
Furthermore profiles guide devicedrywall partitions requires a rack (PS) profiles, which also have a cross-section like the sill. They are used to create a vertically disposed racks metal frame plasterboard partitions. These racks are designed to secure the sheets of drywall on them.
On the central part of the profile strut whichcalled "rest", at 90? bent two shelves. Their width is 0.5 cm It should be noted that it is rated as a real, its width is approximately 0.48 cm Such a configuration profile ensures sufficient reliable and durable adhesion of two profiles -.. Guide and rack. Said width shelves for accurate hit the screw in the hole. Especially important this is when the carcass wall in two layers of drywall.
Furthermore, the shelf rack profile differthe presence of longitudinal grooves usually in number of three pieces. Average groove is a kind of pointer locations where joined sheets of drywall. Side slot center used screws. When installing metal partitions may need to pad those or other utilities. For these purposes, in the back of the profile, there are special holes. Typically, they are paired, and the diameter is about 33 mm. Install rack-mount profiles is carried out directly in the guide profiles. For the quality of their connections are most commonly used screws.
Corner profiles for the device partition joints
Corner joints when installing partitions areenough vulnerabilities. For their devices gypsum boards are used most commonly with a straight edge. However, this solution has one drawback - is an increase in the likelihood that there will be mechanical damage to the partition in the process of immediate use. In order to avoid such undesirable effects common to use angular profiles (PU).
The advantage of the angular profile is thatit is sufficiently tight to the corner partition 90 ?. Coupling between the plasterboard panel and the metal profile by means of putty, which is available in a shelf filled the hole profile. If made of gypsum board surface is curved, arched profiles are applied, the radius of the bend which can vary.
Insulation plasterboard partitions
Often plasterboard partitionsIt provides sound and heat insulation. The most common for this insulation material is polystyrene, but it can become an alternative to mineral wool.
Especially popular is due to expanded polystyreneits performance characteristics. The fact that it is different stable structure over a wide temperature range. For he did not adversely affect various chemicals. In addition, polystyrene foam does not create a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria and mold fungi.
Thus, plasterboard partitionssheets includes a number of structural elements, each of which has its purpose. Knowledge of their characteristics allows enough competently approach the issue of resettlement walls, to avoid the most common mistakes when installing it and get high quality results.