Mount Technology ceiling plasterboard
Suspended ceilings of plasterboard - have notthe news for many years used drywall finishing construction is suspended from the main ceiling, and this method of arrangement does not lose relevance. Apparently, it is important the possibility of various design: you can make a perfectly smooth surface of the surface or build a multi-level complex shape design, with built-in lamps and decorative lighting. With suspended ceiling can hide communication wiring, irregularly stacked floor slabs, and any flaws in the base of the ceiling in the simplest way! And when you consider the ease of installation of decorative lighting and a nice "bonus" in the form of additional noise insulation, it turns out that the best option arrangement than the ceiling installation of drywall can not be!
- To install drywall constructions
- Consumables: a complete list of
- Tools for ceiling mounting
- The sequence of work
- Installation of lighting
To install drywall constructions
The device suspended plasterboard ceilingstart with the room measurements, on the basis of which the carcass structure design scheme and layout sheets. First you need to decide on the ceiling design, consider options for the lighting device.
The distance between the plasterboard ceiling and the baseIt depends on the height of the recessed luminaires. If the suspended ceiling does not provide built-in light, then it is set at a distance of 5 cm from the ground. Following the previously prepared scheme, we make calculation necessary materials. The length of the profiles and sheets of drywall should be selected according to the size of the premises, in order to avoid unnecessary costs.
Consumables: a complete list of
- Sheets of drywall.
- The guide and support profiles.
- Suspensions and connectors.
- "Quick installation" - (dowel screw).
- Screws for metal ( "ê").
- Screws for drywall.
- "Serpyanku" (tape the seams).
- Finishing putty.
- Primer. Fastening elements of drywall constructions
Tools for ceiling mounting
- Water level.
- Otbivochnogo cord.
- Hammer with drills.
- Angle grinder ( "Bulgarian").
- Scissors on metal.
- Prosekatel for profiles.
- A hammer.
- Knife for drywall.
- Putty knife.
- Abrasive grater.
- Drill (with crown).
The sequence of work
Principle arrangement ceilingconsider the example of the most simple installation by a single-level structure. On the walls around the room necessary to fix the guide profile. So he placed horizontally, it is important to make the layout as it should, which will need a pencil, water level (transparent flexible tube filled with water) and otbivochnogo cord (special cord powder dye).
In all corners of the room with the help of the water levelmake a mark, with the required distance from the base of the ceiling, measure, focusing on the bottom corner of the room. Exactly marks on all the walls of "conduct" with otbivochnogo cord: highly strung between the marks a little cord pulled from the wall and released, when they hit the surface of the dye contained in the cord, leaving even a trace on the surface.
Strictly by the resulting line is setguide profile. It should be attached to the wall using the "quick installation". Holes in the wall made by a puncher, with an interval of 30-40 cm. The profile will be enshrined guide bearing profiles installed, it should be noted where they install the marker. plasterboard sheets should be joined in the center support section, it is necessary for a reliable fastening of the structure. The centers support profiles must be placed strictly at intervals of 60 cm from each other, because the width of the sheet of drywall to 120 cm.
On the ceiling in the center of bearing positionprofiles necessary to fix suspensions: they are mounted at intervals of 50-80 cm using the same "quick installation". Each hanger must be drilled in the ceiling punch two holes.
The first carrier is installed on the user's profiledistance of 60cm from the wall. Grinder cut the profile of the desired length, mount on the marked place and fasten with screws ( "ê") to the guide profiles and suspensions. To simplify your work when screwing screws Prosekatel need to use pre-punched holes in their metal profiles.
Avoid sagging support section will thread stretched in the middle of the room perpendicular installed profiles. Fixing all the support section is similar.
The place where you want to mount the chandelierneed to "strengthen" jumper setting of the carrier profiles. If you plan to install a ceiling cornice for curtains, the site of the future of cornices also need further strengthening the carrier profiles. In the case where the length of drywall sheets overlaps the entire width of the room, in the joints must be installed jumper sheets of the carrier profile, which are fixed by means of screws sibling connectors ( "crab").
It is important to bear in mind the need to accommodate sheetsdrywall "vrazbezhku" or in other words in a checkerboard pattern. Construction of recessed luminaires require laying wiring, do not forget about it prior to installation of drywall. The frame is ready.
The next phase - installation of gypsum boards. Mounting plate to the profile is carried out by means of screws for plasterboard. Often in the drywall on one side marked with the mark applied screws location. To cap screw does not break through drywall when it is screwed, and is only slightly immersed in it, you must properly configure the screwdriver or use a special nozzle with stopper.
Cutting drywall need to use a knife andaluminum rule. Knife to cut through the rule set over cardboard layer on the one hand, a light blow from the opposite side of the slice breaks the gypsum layer, the sheet is slightly bent further by bending the second layer is cut cardboard.
After installation of all sheets joints, where there isspecial bevel glued "serpyanku" with filler and spatula. Each well of the screw also need to putty. After curing putty on joints can be putty the entire surface. Ceiling shpaklyuyut, after drying putty sanded special grater. If necessary, putty is applied in several layers to obtain a perfectly flat surface. After finishing last peretirka ground surface after removing the dust with a dry brush. After drying, the ceiling soil ready for finishing (painting, Wallpapering).
Installation of lighting
The circuit arrangement of lighting devicessimultaneously projected to the general scheme of the ceiling device. To connect the built-in luminaires previously routed wiring in places of their installation, drill holes of the required diameter (the size of the lamp) drill with a crown. Through the hole gets laid before the wire connected to it by means of connecting the lamp contacts. If you apply 12V bulb, use a step-down transformer.
Mounting plates chandeliers fastened with screws through the drywall to the pre-set profiles.
Installation of a multi-level structure is more complex,but it is based on the same principles, so consider it in detail, we will not, we note only that the height level is adjusted suspensions of various lengths.
Amazingly diverse and spectacular arebe suspended plasterboard ceilings - photo collection another proof. Valuable to implement a creative ideas, this method of arrangement of the ceiling and more valuable from a practical point of view: the installation does not require time-consuming preparatory work. Make plasterboard on its own is quite possible, as you can see, there is nothing daunting or difficult to achieve in his arrangement. But certain skills still required.