Ceiling Putty does not differ a greatthe complexity of the implementation, but it is more difficult than Shpatlevanie walls. This is due, primarily, to the position of the surface. After reviewing the information on how to putty the ceiling, it is safe to proceed to the implementation of this kind of self-finishing.
- Start preparing for a successful finish
- Materials to use on the ceiling
- Tools required executor
- Grunt - optimization of adhesion
- Rules ceiling putty
Start preparing for a successful finish
It is necessary to thoroughly clean the work surfacepeeling from the ceiling finishing material and whitewash. Using a spatula, remove a layer of the old putty, you can also use a small hammer, skalyvaya extra layers of light and accurate punches.
Important! Be sure to observe safety precautions and carry out preparatory work only in protective goggles to avoid the dust and small particles of finishing materials in the eye.
Particular attention should be paid to the presence on theceiling surface of large and abrupt level changes. To check, you can use a flat rack, which should be attached to the plane. With the starting filler necessary to completely level recesses located on the surface, even if they do not exceed one centimeter. If the ceiling, there are small projections of size less than 0.5 cm, they are easily aligned. Evaluation of the surface flatness of the ceiling is important to obtain a good final result.
Materials to use on the ceiling
- Starting putty - consumption is approximately 3 kg per square meter of the surface;
- Finishing Putty - consumption of up to 1 kg per square meter;
- Primer deep penetration.
Tools required executor
- Several spatulas of various widths;
- Electric Building mixer for the preparation of fillings solution;
- Roller and brush for applying the primer;
- Capacity for breeding putty solution;
- Abrasive mesh or sandpaper;
- Hand lamp to illuminate the surface of the ceiling;
- Bandage monofilament mesh, designed for pasting the ceiling, covered with multiple fractures;
- Banding to strengthen individual cracks.
Grunt - optimization of adhesion
First you need to treat the ceiling primerdeep penetration. Details of the flow of material contained on the packaging. A solution of the primer is applied to the ceiling roller or brush - maklovitsej. For the treatment of the surface of the primer, you can use a spray. The main disadvantages of this method are significant material cost overruns and uneven application.
It is important! When applying the primer with a spray gun must use a respirator to provide respiratory protection.
This step allows you to achieve good adhesionputty to the ceiling surface. In carrying out this type of work should be considered that the primer is very difficult to wash off. In practice, it is removed from the hands of every half-hour, and on the face - about ten minutes. The solution got on the walls, the windows, it is necessary to wash off after the completion of the priming.
Rules ceiling putty
For high quality of finishing is important to understand how to properly putty ceiling. To do this, consider the performance of gradual process.
After the primer has dried, performedplaster ceiling of the first layer. For powder mixtures must fill a pail or other container filled with water on the third part. Caulking should be a thin layer covering the surface of the water. A building mixture is stirred with a mixer until smooth state. The narrow spatula putty should be taken out of the bucket, and pass it on to a wide spatula.
Then apply it to the ceiling of the broad and smooth movements.
Important to remember! Observe the acute angle between the spatula and the roof surface, filler layer can fall off when non-compliance with this rule.
The main task when applying the first layerIt is to achieve smooth horizontal plane, which facilitates the implementation of the second layer and has a positive effect on the quality of all the work. Shpatlevanie should start from the top of the joint space with a wall, and not from the middle of the surface, gradually covering the entire working plane.
After complete drying of the first layer, you can start laying the second layer of putty, before removing it dissolves a wide spatula.
At this stage, filled with small holes and irregularities which have arisen after the first layer. In the absence of large irregularities can be limited, and a single Shpatlevanie.
The following is sanded surface of the ceiling,using sandpaper or abrasive mesh. Work to perform better in a circular motion to have less than stripes and scratches. Using carrying a lamp, fixed near the surface of the ceiling will allow a better view of the irregularities and places that require more attention when sanding. At this stage it is obligatory to use the respirator. Alternatively, you can use a special grinding machine, having a complete dust collector. However, this method is not always available.
Oshkurennuyu surface before applying the finishfillings better re primed to remove appeared dust. The final coat is applied with a thin layer. Once dry, it needs a little touch up with sandpaper with the most fine grain.
Important! The final layer of putty must be applied parallel to the rays of the sun falling from the window. This method allows you to hide all the irregularities and errors ceiling.
The finish layer provides a perfectly flat andsmooth surface, ready for further finishing. In preparing the ceiling to paperhanging finishing Shpatlevanie not required.
It should be noted that the ceiling plaster theirhands does not cause any difficulties in its execution, but requires accuracy and care. Compliance with the above recommendations will allow for the surface filler qualitatively and competently, without using the help of professionals.