Ceiling

Important aspects of painting the ceiling with his hands: methods, tools and materials for painter

Important aspects of painting the ceiling with his hands

Despite the existence of such modern speciesfinishing as the ceiling suspension systems, suspended ceilings, PVC panels, the usual classical painting the ceiling with his hands is the most economical and therefore the most popular. At the same time, despite the seeming simplicity and accessibility of this method is not always pleased with the result: the surface of the ceiling does not look perfectly smooth, it shall appear the stains and spots. To paint the ceiling with his hands did not deliver disappointments, it has to be properly prepared for finishing, choose the appropriate paint and apply it correctly to the surface.

Content

  • How to prepare for painting the ceiling
    • Prepare concrete slabs
    • Preparation for painting the ceiling plasterboard
    • Preparation for painting wooden ceiling

  • The best paint for the ceiling
    • We paint with acrylic paint?
    • Where applicable silicate paints
    • The ceiling for silicone compounds
    • Paints for wood ceilings

  • In what color to paint the ceiling?
  • The paint will be?
    • Roller as a tool painter
    • Painting the ceiling brush
    • Painting the ceiling electric paint sprayer

  • A few tips to completion

How to prepare for painting the ceiling

Painting as a finishing used for the ceilings of three types most often:

  • of concrete slabs;
  • plasterboard;
  • of wood.

Differences in each painting technologyceilings listed are minor, but there are ways to prepare them. So, before you paint the ceiling, the room must be possible to release from furniture, remove the ceiling chandelier, and instead strengthen the chuck with a powerful lamp. Paul and the rest of the room large objects covered with plastic wrap.

Prepare concrete slabs

Concrete ceilings require particularly careful preparation, from its quality depends on how strong will the new cover.

Old chalk whitewash, if it is necessaryto wash off the concrete, pre-wetted with hot water with a roller. Too thick layer of chalk soaked repeatedly scraped wide spatula, then wash off.

The ceiling, covered with lime or latex paint, cleaned from dust and dirt with hot water stripping to concrete places with flaking paint or swollen.

Cleaning concrete ceiling

On the concrete ceiling is removed the old chalk whitewash, painted and covered with lime wash the surface thoroughly, remove all loose concrete to finish, cracks and defects are repaired

If the joints of concrete slabs have cracks, seams embroider and thoroughly cleaned of the old putty and paint to the concrete.

After completing the cleaning, concrete ceiling coverprimer. The soil is necessary for durable adhesion of plaster and putty with concrete, it must be absorbed, but not film-forming - before buying carefully read the instructions. The primer is applied by roller, in troubled and difficult places - a brush and leave for 2-3 hours before the final drying.

Now you are ready to plaster embroideredjoints and recovery of the separated fragments on the surface of pre-moistened with water to be treated place. Gypsum plaster mixture is applied to a wide spatula, pressing it into the seams as deep as possible. Each joint is reinforced plaster special fiberglass tape, which in the future will prevent cracking and make imperceptible seams.

Caulking concrete ceiling

Caulking concrete ceiling is carried out in order to remove small defects

The next preparatory stage - puttyceiling. Any suitable mixture of mineral spackling bred water, which cause a wide spatula in two layers with intermediate drying for 4-24 hours. First, a thicker layer of a leveling, masking all defects and irregularities of the ceiling. When applying a second thin layer of putty smooth transitions and traces of spatula.

Resurfacing concrete ceiling

Before painting the ceiling sanded to produce perfectly smooth surface

To provide an ideal surfaceplastered ceiling -zashkurivayut carefully grind too coarse sandpaper and bar, occasionally illuminating his powerful light source, identifying and eliminating possible defects. Properly sanded ceiling may not be uniform in color, but must be perfectly smooth.

Preparation for painting the ceiling plasterboard

Before you paint the ceiling of plasterboard,it should be prepared, too. However, in this case does not have to seal cracks, simply remove all loose old paint or whitewash and rinse with water dust and dirt.

Preparation for painting the ceiling plasterboard

Butt joints and places of installation screws on plasterboard ceiling carefully sealed with putty

On the ceiling surface is applied a layer of putty, armiruya joints sheets of drywall fiberglass tape, and then grind.

Preparation for painting wooden ceiling

The ceilings are made of wood, woodenpanels or linings are more common in country houses and cottages and stained to protect the wood from rot, fungi, mold and insects. Preparation for painting wooden ceiling is leveling the surface with sandpaper and impregnating stain or special protective impregnation type "Pinotex".

Finally, before properly paint the ceiling any type of filler and after grinding itmust always be primed again. The layer of soil will significantly improve the adhesion surface of the ceiling with paint and at the same time will reduce ink consumption.

The best paint for the ceiling

Today, when whitewashing with lime and chalkIt is not used to decide what paint to paint the ceiling, and more interesting and more complicated. The modern consumer of a wide range of water-based paints can choose the composition and functionality, and quality characteristics, including:

  • environmental friendliness;
  • security;
  • no odor;
  • vapor permeability;
  • security;
  • ease of maintenance during operation.

The chemical composition of the following types of modern water-based paints:

  • acrylic;
  • silicate;
  • silicone.

We paint with acrylic paint?

Acrylic paints

Acrylic paints are sensitive to the effects of steam and moisture, apply to stain recreation rooms, living rooms

The large group of water-based paintsAcrylic are the most popular as an optimal combination of excellent quality and reasonable prices. To obtain high-quality topcoat spectacular enough only two layers of this type of paint. It is elastic, perfectly covers cracks up to 1 mm, is easy to clean pollution from small and perfectly looks. Just before you paint the ceiling with acrylic paint, keep in mind that it is sensitive to the effects of steam and moisture. This paint is good for bedroom ceiling or living room, but is not suitable for the bathroom.

Where applicable silicate paints

Paints of this type are resistant to steam andhigh humidity, and also has an excellent antiseptic properties and mold fungi they are not afraid. Silicate water-based paints are used in industrial applications with difficult operating conditions. In residential areas, they are good for painting ceilings in basements, pools, saunas, bathrooms and kitchens, but to furnish the living room or bedroom inappropriate.

The ceiling for silicone compounds

Vapor permeability, forming a smooth qualitycoating with antisoiling properties, possess high elasticity and can even block the cracks 2 mm. Silicone paint antiseptic and are compatible with other types of paint, suitable for painting the ceiling premises for any purpose, but are expensive price segment.

If the question is how much of the ceiling paintingis a priority for you when choosing colors, keep in mind that its consumption depends not only on the amount in the bank, how much of the figure hiding. Find the rate of paint consumption per square meter on the package and it is possible that expensive at first glance, the paint would be the most economical choice.

Paints for wood ceilings

For painting ceilings of wood most oftenuse a phenolic, epoxy, water-soluble paints or translucent blue, which provide the necessary surface vlagonepronizaemye and antiseptic properties, but you can save and enhance the beauty of the natural texture and color of natural wood.

Painted wooden ceiling

Painted wooden ceiling

Sometimes the style of the interior requires a color changewooden ceiling, and then it is possible to use water-based or oil-based paint. Before you paint the ceiling latex paint, to ensure good adhesion and durability of the coating timber is coated with a thin layer of PVA glue.

In what color to paint the ceiling?

In creating the image and mood color spaceCeiling plays as important a role as the quality of his painting. When deciding what color to paint the ceiling, usually take into account the style of the interior, certain fashion trends, advice of friends and family, but not hurt to remember some rules of color interaction.

  • A color schemeForming a bright contrast, are too tired eyes. It is not necessary to combine on the ceiling, for example, red and bright green, yellow and dark purple, blue and orange.
  • The combination of even bright and saturated colors,adjoining in range and having a wavelength values ​​close to the eye quite comfortable. That is, choosing the color of the ceiling, it must be remembered that from the longest waves in red color, this figure decreases gradually to orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue to violet the shortest wavelength.

    Neutral ceiling background

    Neutral ceiling background

  • Finally, if you need a neutral, inconspicuous ceiling background, its color, use a soft, pale, pastel colors and combinations.

The paint will be?

In solving the problem of how to paint the ceiling withoutdivorces, beautiful even layer plays an important role and skills, and the right choice of good tool. For applying the paint onto the surface of the ceiling, you can use

  • rollers;
  • brushes;
  • electric gun.

Prepare the paint according to the manufacturer's instructions: Dilute with water, or just have a good mix with a special nozzle-mixer in an electric drill.

Roller as a tool painter

To prepare the work

  • large cushion with pile of medium length;
  • a small roller with a long nap;
  • brush.

Prepared to work the paint should be poured intoa special bath. Roller gently dipped into the paint, not plunging into it completely. For uniform distribution of paint roller should be good to roll down an inclined wall of the bath.

Special tray for paint

Special tray for paint provides additional mixing to maintain uniformity of composition

Start application of paint to the surfaceIt recommended from the nearest corner of the room to the window, gradually moving toward the center. Good lighting will quickly reveal NOT, place or, alternatively, the excess paint. Lots paint over the walls of a small roller, moldings and corners paint brush.

Expert's Advice: The first strokes of paint is best applied at a distance of 50-70 cm from the corner and move first toward you rather than away from you.

In operation, the roll should be kept notperpendicularly above the head, and at an angle of 45 °. So paint will not spray on the head, and the painted surface is clearly visible. To avoid streaks and stains should not put pressure on the tool - roller or brush.

Expert's Advice: To avoid water stains from time to time appearing on the roll excess paint, pull any grid capacity, and from time to time about her press the roller.

Each track paving strip paintin parallel with the previous overlap of about 5 cm, making sure not to NOT, had bald patches. This will avoid the appearance of spots, which are not correct and re-painting.

Ceiling Paint roller

Roller the staining is not directed perpendicularly to the surface, and at an angle

To obtain high-quality smooth coating typically requires the application of two or three layers of paint. Each subsequent layer is applied after drying the previous one.

Painting the ceiling brush

Large areas more convenient and easier to dyea roller, but for finishing small rooms or ceilings complex form selection brush as the main tool is appropriate and justified. When this technology is the same color as that when using a roller, but the process of applying the paint on the surface has nuances.

The main difficulty with this method of paintingCeiling - compliance with uniform force pressure on the brush. Too much pressure on the wrist leads to sagging, and very weak - in too a thin layer of coating and appearance of bald patches and notorious spots. So try not to press hard on the brush, but thoroughly shaded by the paint surface without leaving NOT, places.

The second problem with the brush - dripping paint on the hands and on the floor.

Master Tip: To paint is not dripping from the brush, at its base can be strengthened glass or paper strip to tie it with a soft cloth, which will delay and absorb all the excess.

A simple device to prevent dripping paint brushes

When applying paint strokes on the surface, keep the brush so that its base was located as close as possible to the ceiling.

During breaks in the work do not forget to dip the brush in a jar with water or paint, but in order to avoid deformation of the bristles should not touch the bottom.

Painting the ceiling electric paint sprayer

Electric spray gun - is the most moderntool for the application of a beautiful, thin and even layer on the ceiling of any room. Carefully read the manufacturer's instructions and bring the paint thickness to the optimum instrument for consistency.

The work, as in previous cases, the start ofnext to a window corner and nozzle sprayer try to keep at a distance of about 70 cm from the ceiling. Too short will result in the formation of paint sagging on the surface and a too long paint can simply not reach the ceiling.

Paint the ceiling with the help of the gun

Spray is not recommended to be placed close to the surface, otherwise there will be nodules

Expert's Advice: to obtain a uniform coating without drips gun must be held at the same distance from the ceiling, constantly pushing his smooth movements and do not linger long in one place.

A few tips to completion

  1. To paint on the ceiling dry out evenly, paint it quickly, trying to keep within 15-20 minutes.
  2. When painting curved, tiered ceilings in several colors for each type of colors or use a single roller or brush.
  3. For a neat flat edge at the intersection of two surfaces or colors, use masking tape. Always apply adhesive tape only on fully dried paintwork.
  4. Lamps and chandeliers mount only after complete drying.
  5. After completing the painting, and then close the window zashtorte to drafts and sunlight are not forced drying of the paint in some areas, disrupting the uniformity of the paint coating.

We hope that our recommendations and tips will help you beautifully and accurately self-paint the ceiling in any room of your apartment or house.

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