How to make the ceiling with his hands
Upon entering the room the first thing wepay attention to the ceiling. It happens on a subconscious level, and therefore if the ceiling is flat, has no cracks and other defects, we can, as it were, and did not notice it. But if it looks messy, the overall impression of the room will be corrupted, no matter how luxurious it was. In order to achieve an ideal surface, you must carefully observe the ceiling repair technology, we should not neglect any step, no matter how insignificant it may seem, otherwise all the work can go down the drain. In this article we will talk about how to make the ceiling with his hands, and some of the secrets that make it easy to achieve an excellent result.
- Good preparation - quality repairs
- leveling technology with a mixture of gypsum
- The technology of dry leveling the ceiling
- How to whitewash a ceiling
- How and what is best to paint
- How to install the suspended ceiling
- How to make a false ceiling with his hands
Good preparation - quality repairs
As corny as it may sound, but the level of the ceiling repair to a large extent depends on its preparation. That is what we are going to do in the first place.
Firstly, the need to free the room of furnitureand other interior items. All that can be taken - carried into the next room. If something does not pass through the door, or do not want to disassemble, such elements can be covered with sheets or polyethylene.
Second, prepare the necessary tools. In preparation we need a putty knife, whetstone, a basin of water and a soft cloth. Spatula need small size, about 5-7 cm. Too big will to work hard, as to its edge has been completely pressed against the surface of the ceiling, will have to make great efforts, but too little is not worth taking, otherwise the work will take a great amount of time.
So we proceed. Take a small spatula and most keenly sharpen it. Now carefully remove them from the ceiling all the old coating: plaster, paint, lime etc. During operation, the spatula should be periodically sharpened. Believe me, it will save you a huge amount of time at this stage is important, as the work is really boring and tedious, but that it affects the final result. Agree, not very nice is, if a newly renovated ceiling in front of you fall off a piece of paint or plaster due to the fact that somewhere there was a piece of the old coating.
Now, the ceiling should be thoroughly washed with cleanwarm water with a small amount of detergent. This should be done several times changing the solution. On the ceiling is necessary to remove all dust, lime and dirt residues. Do not wipe the entire surface of a cloth, remember that how carefully you prepare the surface quality of the repair depends.
But that's not all. After complete drying of the ceiling, it must be covered with a layer of primer. Seams and corners brush pass, and on the rest surface of the primer may be applied with a roller.
Tip: The primer and leveling compound to the ceiling, use the same brand.
If you do not plan to install the tensioning orsuspended ceilings, the training involves one step - the alignment of the surface. First, consider the case where the ceiling height drops by no more than 50 mm. Such irregularities, as well as the joints between the slabs and small cracks can be eliminated by covering the surface of the gypsum mixture.
leveling technology with a mixture of gypsum
- Dilute the solution, strictly following the instructions on the package. For once we prepare a small amount of the mixture, as the plaster dries very quickly. Usually enough 2.5-4 kg.
- Put the solution on one side of the surface,We are putting it to the ceiling and a light pressure rub the composition on the surface, so that it is stuck but not extruded. The first layer should be approximately 15-20 mm, while not solicit a perfectly flat surface. At this stage it is important to fill in the large bumps and cracks, and everything else will mask the following layers.
- Now all the big bumps and mounds need to be cut with a spatula. Making it better to complete drying of the solution. Defects easier to identify by moving a long rail on the ceiling surface.
- Apply a second coat of plaster, besides not achieving evenness of the mirror. This is also a leveling layer.
- For the third layer solution was diluted with a little thinner and causes it no longer Gladilov and a wide spatula.
- After complete drying of the surface, all the seams and bumps we clean coarse sandpaper.
- Remove the large wet brush dust remaining after sanding.
- Now we cover the prepared surface of the primer layer.
- Finally, apply a layer of finishing putties.
Tip: If the ceiling unevenness is less than one millimeter, it is possible to do one layer of plaster. The greater the height difference, the more layers should be applied.
The technology of dry leveling the ceiling
Quite often, users of the network are setthe question how to make his hands in the ceiling when the ceiling height difference reaches several centimeters or more if there are huge ceiling slab cracks or irregularly stacked. Naturally, the wet method is not able to solve the problem, so use "dry" leveling the ceiling surface, that is, its cover sheeting.
The most commonly used for this purposedrywall. Today it is the most accessible material, both on its value and the simplicity of working with him. In addition, it is quite durable and has many positive qualities.
Preparatory work for the "dry" equalizationIt is the same as for the "wet" method. The only difference is that you should use a primer having antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Next to the ceiling lathing is applied from a metal profile, with its horizontality is monitored by means of a spirit level. On crate attached sheets of plywood, drywall or fiberboard, depending on the choice of host. Thereafter, the ceiling can be painted or covered by any selected material.
How to whitewash a ceiling
There are still people who prefer whitewashed ceilings. In principle, they can be understood: whitewashed ceiling looks neat, gives the room warmth and freshness.
Good quality of the repair depends largely onon the correct preparation of the solution for whitewash. For every 10 square meters, we need 3.5 liters of water, which is necessary to dissolve 90 grams of wood glue. A small amount of water needed to dissolve the lime 2.3kg, 15gr and 60gr blueprints soap separately and then carefully enter the obtained mixture in a glue solution. The composition is mixed thoroughly and apply 2-3 coats.
Tip: when whitewashing each layer it is necessary to completely dry.
How and what is best to paint
Before painting, made afterpreparatory work, the ceiling surface should be primed with diluted paint. Be sure to use exactly the one you chose to stain the ceiling. At this stage may appear unfinished plots and small imperfections, imperceptible at oshkurennoy surface. All the identified deficiencies should be eliminated.
Next, proceed to stain the ceiling. As a general rule, should start from the walls with windows. The first strip execute a brush, thoroughly prokrashivaya all ledges and corners. The rest of the surface can be coated roller, having a brush at the end of the other joints of the ceiling to the walls.
Important: Each layer should be applied in the same direction, but with each successive must be positioned perpendicular to the previous one. 3-4 better light put layer than a thick one.
In order to permanently preserve the painted surfaceits luster, after painting must close all windows and doors, preventing drafts and penetration of sunlight. There is no need to accelerate the natural drying process, ventilate the area and you will have time later.
How to install the suspended ceiling
Of course, if desired, suspended ceilings can beand make your own. Not so complex technology of installation, but it is better to trust the job to professionals. Is there some specific features.
After the ceiling surface is treatedantiseptic composition can begin to mount the bracket profile. For this, first flush is necessary to draw a horizontal line around the perimeter. Further, it should stick profile to ensure its smooth abutment, and then fix it with screws equidistant from each other.
Tip: Do not fasten the screws at a distance of less than 10 mm from the edge of the profile.
Before you start working with tensionmaterial, space must be warmed to a temperature of 40 ° C and then maintain it constantly until the end of the installation. The film with the help of the building dryer is heated to 60 ° C and then stretched in the profile. The angles are fixed in the following order: first one, then - the opposite to him, and now the remaining turns. Once the corners are securely fastened, the whole film is fastened to the profile with a pitch of 80 mm. Now tighten evenly with a spatula material around the perimeter.
Tip: If the installation formed folds and wrinkles can be smoothed with circular movements, after heating the web building a hairdryer to 60 ° C.
How to make a false ceiling with his hands
In this case, after surface preparationyou need to install the ceiling suspension system. As above the perimeter of the room technology is drawn a horizontal line, which will be attached a guide profile. On the ceiling at a distance of 600 mm from each other are applied to the line in both directions. The points of intersection will determine the location of the seat suspensions.
Ceiling profile attached to the ends of the guide slots and securely fixed hangers on both sides. All ceiling profiles must be installed on the construction level.
On the resulting suspended system should be fixedsheets of drywall, plywood or any other material selected. After the installation is completed, the entire surface must be proshpaklevat, that is prepared for further finishing. After complete drying of the putty layer, the entire ceiling must be sanded with fine sandpaper and cleaned of dust, and only then can move on to its finish.
Remember, any ceiling, made theirhands will be a long time only subject to its mounting technology. Therefore, if you do not have patience, diligence, care and can not even imagine what the parties come to a screwdriver or screwdriver, entrust this work to professionals.