How to make a false ceiling illumination
Create beautiful interior ceiling- This is only half the story, but to make it a refined and highlight the beauty, it is necessary to equip competent lighting. Today, to make such coverage is not difficult. All necessary materials can be easily purchased in stores, and for the realization of the planned in life skills required to handle the tool and accuracy when working. For information on how to make the ceiling lighting, that is needed, just it is this article.
- Applicable types of lighting
- Installation of lighting
- The process of laying wires
- Layout of gypsum boards
- Creating holes for fixtures
- Setting the backlight: Technology
Applicable types of lighting
One of the unique features of the suspensionCeiling is zoning areas, and in combination with various lighting groups can achieve a stunning effect. When planning to arrange a suspended ceiling with lighting, it is necessary at the stage of creation of the design project to consider how much it will lighting groups, their types and options. Lighting ceiling decided to split into three main groups:
- General lighting;
- task lighting;
- for mood lighting.
For general lighting using a centralchandelier, several lamps or lamps with built-niches. The main objective of this group of lighting is the maximum room lighting at night.
The aim is to target lightingfunctional zoning of space through the creation of individual zones of varying intensity of their illumination and colors. This can be achieved using luminaires mounted in the ceiling niches and united in separate groups.
Lighting creates a mood on the principle oftarget illumination with the difference that combined in different groups of lighting depending on the situation will be able to create a festive, intimate or work environment.
To illuminate the ceiling usevarious types of lighting. It can be mounted spotlights, pendant lights or lighting strip. As used incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps or LEDs as light sources. Today, increasingly gaining popularity ceiling lights LED tape. The main advantages of LED lighting is the durability performance and low power consumption.
Installation of lighting
Group accommodations lightingvarious purposes begins at the stage of creation of the design project of the ceiling. There have been places of installation of lighting and creates a wiring diagram showing the number of materials used, their specifications and the power consumption. Having the already finished project can safely proceed to the installation of lighting.
The process of laying wires
After completing the installation of the ceiling frame can bestart laying the wiring for lighting. Depending on the capabilities and preferences wiring can be laid in two ways. The first involves installation of the cable channel, and the second allows you to lay the wire directly to ripple through the entire frame structure. The advantage of the first method are accurate placement and further ease of connection. The second option allows to save on the total length of the line.
To lay the wiring for cable channels, do the following:
- own cable channel will be located between the ceilingand constructions of false ceilings and wall-mounted. An exception is the cable channel to chandeliers, it will be attached to the ceiling. Zasverlivaem holes for fastening the cable channel on the perimeter of the room, from the place of installation switches;
- We are now trying to drive into the dowel holes and fasten itself cable channel;
- finally paving the wiring to each lighting fixtures. We try to make the stock wire 10 - 15 cm for easy connection of luminaires.
Wiring in the corrugation is performed as follows:
- by fixing the corrugations in the ceiling zasverlivayutsya holes, then inside each of them special fastening clips are inserted;
- for each group of light take a single corrugation and plants inside wire;
- the size of a piece of corrugated taken on the basis of the distanceto the lamp. So a whole bunch of wires from the switch to a connection point located in a ripple. The length of the wire trying to take with a margin of 10 - 15 cm for easy connection;
- corrugation fix in clips that were previously installed.
A combined version of the gasketwiring with corrugations and cable channels. In this case, the main wiring is laid on the cable channels, and wiring for lights in the center of the ceiling laid into corrugation.
Layout of gypsum boards
Now that you created the ceiling frame andinternally routed wiring, you can proceed to the application of markings on the drywall sheets with the exact location of the frame profile and places the installation of lighting fixtures. It will have to take a tape measure, pencil and transfer the exact size and location of the frame profiles on the drywall sheets. The visiting markup framework, marks the place where lamps. Thereafter, the sheets can be set in place.
Creating holes for fixtures
Fully sheathing frame with sheets of drywall,check with the design project for the exact location of the luminaires and the right layout, if necessary. Making sure that everything is in order, zasverlivaem holes. The diameter of the holes, respectively, and the diameter of the saw, choose based on lamps that are going to be installed.
Sami holes do with a specialtips on a drill - hole saw. During the pilot drilling, wear safety glasses, or plaster dust gets in your eyes. Time for pilot drilling required very little, the main thing - to do everything carefully, so as not to damage the gypsum board.
Setting the backlight: Technology
Prepare a place for lighting,proceed to install them. As previously mentioned, for ceiling lighting can be used spotlights, LED-strip or classic chandelier, as well as a combination of the lighting.
To begin the installation of lighting with spotlights, it is necessary to do the following:
- of the drilled holes to pull the wires and clean up the ends. Stripper use wire cutters;
- on the cable ends put on a connecting terminal to which an attached wire spotlights. For these works use a Phillips screwdriver;
- if the lamp with a halogen light bulb, thebefore you put it in place, set the first light bulb. Installation is spent very carefully, taking care not to touch the bulb with his hands. For LED lamps is no such problem. They are usually sold as a whole, and after connecting the lamp can be immediately put into place;
- installation of spotlights - very simplea business. Suffice it to insert it into the hole and press firmly to the surface. Due to its light brace bar is firmly locks.
Setting LED-tape is moreeasy. The tape is attached to the surface of the ceiling due to an adhesive base, and a network connection is made using a special connector. It should be noted that the LED-tape is not intended to generate the primary illumination. It is best used to create a lighting mood. Therefore it is recommended to hide the belt in a specially reserved to cover niches or curbs.
At the final stage lighting installation connect to the grid, all the pre-de-energized. After successful completion, you can turn on and enjoy the beauty of the suspended ceiling.
All work on the connection can easily be performed alone, the main thing - be careful and cautious when dealing with electricity.