How to align the ceiling with his hands
Getting to the overhaul of the housingpremises, it is impossible to bypass the attention of the ceiling trim, which is preceded by a series of preparatory work, in particular the alignment of its surface. Wondering how to align the ceiling, you need to know that there are several ways to align: using plasterboard - "dry" method and using plaster - "wet" method.
- Preparation of the ceiling surface to equalize
- Removal of old material
- Removing mold and mildew
- alignment technology ceiling surface
- Eliminating gaps and cracks
- Application of the first filler layer
- Application of subsequent layers of solution
- Laying the reinforcing glass fiber
- The final stage - finishing putty
- Align the ceiling plasterboard
- Other methods of alignment of ceilings
- Suspended ceilings - clean, fast, and fun
- Stretch ceilings - suspended competitor
It should be noted that the most widespreadreceived ceiling surface leveling technique using a plaster. Gypsum boards are usually used in those cases where there are large differences in height on the ceiling. Thus, in addition to their own preferences, have to be guided by common sense and the advice of experts. Vertical joints in the ceiling surface of more than 5 cm - it is a powerful argument for the alignment with the help of drywall boards. Experts do not recommend in such cases, stop your choice on the plaster as a leveling material as its thick layer can lead to a dangerous situation, when there is a risk of falling plaster layer. Undoubtedly, it is quite dangerous to life and health - especially children.
Another nuance, which is worth payingattention is the ceiling height. If it is not large enough, it is necessary to take into account that the plaster leveling design "steal" a few precious centimeters. Putty will save these centimeters.
Preparation of the ceiling surface to equalize
It is worth noting that putty ceiling delivers much less hassle in new buildings,where there is only the surface of the plates. However, houses and apartments in which the surface of the ceiling repeatedly subjected putty, painting and pasting, much more. In this case, undertaking repairs have to worry about bringing the ceiling in the original form, that is, wash away all the layers of material deposited previously.
Removal of old material
The process of removing existing layers of plaster can besomewhat alleviated by following a series of recommendations. First, to remove the layer of previously applied plaster should be used rather sharp spatula, which in the process should be periodically sharpened. For those who like to work, holding the spatula in both hands, you need to choose a product with a long handle. This creates a certain comfort.
Second, to facilitate removal of the plaster withceiling enough to impregnate it with plain water. This is done using a sponge dampened in water or spray. If the ceiling is covered with water-based paint, then to remove it, you can use an iodine solution. Thus, on 8 l of water sufficiently small bubble iodine. To eliminate the water-dispersion paints need special washes and otherwise - patience and a good spatula. When using a special composition that is applied and the roller is left for about 30 minutes, the old paint is removed easily with a spatula.
After cleaning the surface of the ceiling of the oldplaster you are ready to remove it in the ground plate connection. To do this more often used a pick, hammer and a sharp trowel. It is worth noting that all the embossing seal does not necessary need only remove the plaster, which is susceptible to chipping easily.
Removing mold and mildew
Among the preparatory work concernsgetting rid of the ceiling mold or other fungi. Most often they occur in those areas where there is a higher degree of humidity. If you ignore the already existing mold, it must appear on the cover of the new ceiling that will ruin not only his appearance, but also the mood at the sight of dark spots. Removing mold certainly also due to the fact that it has a negative impact on human health.
After the cleaning is finished seams and cracks,ceiling completely processed primer, which is designed to improve the adhesion (bonding force) of concrete ceiling panels and flooring. For priming flat surfaces are generally used roller, and for tight spaces - the brush size required.
alignment technology ceiling surface
At the end of the preparatory work can bestart sealing of the largest gaps. For these purposes, use filler designed specifically for rough work, and hemp. A feature of fillings for roughing work is its increased density and granularity compared to the same material for finishing works.
Eliminating gaps and cracks
Tow thoroughly impregnated with a solutionfillers, and then it zakonopachivayut cracks and crevices. To prevent the formation of new cracks and increasing the size of the existing joints should produce reinforcement plates mesh. On the edge of the boards must be applied putty, which will be pushed net. Dent experts recommend a solution to the net until it is approximately at the center of solidifying the mixture.
Application of the first filler layer
In the implementation of a continuous flat shpatlevanijathe surface of the ceiling tiles first layer solution is usually applied with a wide spatula. Application of the plaster is done "over", and the layer thickness should not exceed 2 cm After that, with the help of rules -. Special construction tools - the surface layer is leveled zigzag movements.
If you want to get a thick enoughlayer of plaster is recommended "to comb" first applied layer while it is still soft. "Tease" the plaster with a special plaster crest. After complete curing of the first layer, which requires 2-3 days, apply the next layer of the solution.
It should be noted that the time needed for dryingapplied solution varies depending on the degree of humidity in the room. It is obvious that in a sufficiently warm and dry indoors plaster hardens faster than in a room with high humidity. Carrying out repair work often helps to increase the humidity, so the plaster is better to give time to spare. It is not recommended to reduce moisture artificially, for example, to open windows and ventilate the room.
Application of subsequent layers of solution
After the application of subsequent layers with a spatulamortars generally recommended to turn and set straight edge "to himself." In this its location provides a better alignment of the ceiling surface. As a result, the first layer of plaster is the thickest layer. It is quite tightly pressed against the ceiling and "tease". Subsequent layers are thinner. Thus, this step can be called a coarse alignment ceiling.
In the case where the training is carriedceiling surface for painting or papering follow her, after applying a layer of plaster on the concrete slab must be 10 minutes to moisten it with water and wipe the felt float. This measure will align the tracks and depressions left after work with a spatula. Then you should wait for the moment when the surface of the deposited layer of plaster is dry, and then further to make amends for its metal grater. Only then can you begin to label wallpaper or paint. In addition, to align the ceiling surface at this stage can be used and a special plaster leveling.
Laying the reinforcing glass fiber
If you have a fairly problematic ceilings, "adorned with" cracked, used fiberglass. With the help of reinforcement is carried out as the entire ceiling area and its individual parts.
Experts note that the surface of the reinforcementCeiling not interfere with glass and if it is flat and has no cracks and chipping. For glass fiber reinforcement fabric is cut into ribbons, which strengthen and last leveling layer of plaster or putty.
The final stage - finishing putty
After work on sizingthe surface of the ceiling plaster with glass or application layer is necessary to give the ceiling to dry. Then, using a spatula carefully removed from the surface traces of the rule, and then you can proceed to the ceiling sanding with sandpaper or a special float with sand mesh.
Immediately before applying the finishing layersfillings should be thoroughly cleaned from the ceiling surface of the dust that was formed after the grinding. As a rule, it uses a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush, a dry or wet brush. However, it is worth considering that after using a wet brush is necessary to give the ceiling to dry.
Then, using a long spatula, you can proceed to the application of several layers of finishing putty. Each previous layer must also be completely dry.
Align the ceiling plasterboard
When deciding on how to align the ceiling with your hands, you can opt for the "dry" method, which assumes plasterboard construction, hiding the defects of the ceiling surface.
This type of work is performed at a sufficientlygreat elevation changes on the ceiling. In addition, the gypsum ceiling device can significantly reduce the financial and time costs for leveling the surface. After installation, the entire structure can immediately obtain a flat surface, which has no defects and ready for wallpapering.
Thus, the ceiling made of plasterboard panels,It is a structure of metal profiles and drywall. Of the metal sections is going to frame the desired size, to which will be attached sheets of drywall.
In general, the installation of such a structure is a consistent implementation of the following activities:
- Marking the position of the ceiling plasterboard future.
- The marking points at which the mount will be suspensions, holding the entire structure.
- Mounted frame of metal profiles.
- The finished frame structure assembled all the necessary utilities, such as wiring.
- Sheets of drywall are preparing for the installation process. So, they are given the necessary form and the required dimensions are determined. Excess trimmed.
- Implemented fixing drywall mounted to the frame.
It is worth noting that the plasterboard ceiling can beinstalled in any room. At present, the market of building and finishing materials can be found sheets of drywall, which differ good water resistance and resistance to many external influences.
Other methods of alignment of ceilings
Get an attractive and smooth surface of the ceiling, you can use mounted and suspended ceilings.
Suspended ceilings - clean, fast, and fun
This type of ceiling according to the method of installationvery reminiscent of plasterboard ceilings. There is also a concrete slab ceiling mounted pendants, designed to secure the frame of metal profiles. Then, a mounting decorative panels which can be made of various materials: metal, mineral wool, chipboard.
Typically, the selection of panels of a material depends on a number of criteria:
- Acoustic quality of the material.
- The ability to pass air.
- The degree of water resistance.
When selecting suspended ceilings should consider the fact that they "steal" up to 20 cm height of the ceiling.
Stretch ceilings - suspended competitor
Nice, but expensive opportunity to getsmooth ceiling in the living room is the installation of suspended ceilings. This is a modern solution for the installation of which requires intervention specialists.
The fact that is attached on the perimeter of the ceilingspecial frame-baguette, which reduce a web of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) - pre-warmed with a heat gun. Subsequently, the fabric stretches and cools, becoming solid and resilient. It is worth noting that today there is a possibility to order the suspended ceiling of any desired color.
Thus there are several waysleveling the surface of the ceiling in the living room. The choice of method depends on your own preferences, availability of funds, the size of premises and a number of other factors. No matter what method of alignment has been selected, the main thing - to approach the repair work carefully and with due care. It is in this case the result will be a practical and high quality, and the ceiling will last for a long period of time.