How and what the easiest way to whitewash the ceiling
In every apartment ceiling is an important partinterior. Today, for the repair of the ceiling, there are many different materials. But despite the abundance of modern finishes - tension, suspended ceilings, still it demands a simple and fast way to finish a whitewash. It is the most inexpensive option upgrades and decorate the room. It is no secret that the whitewashed ceiling refreshes the room, adding comfort and lighting. We offer a few tips and tricks, how to whitewash the ceiling is done with his own hands. Guided by them, even a novice will be able to cope with this task alone.
- Preparing to whitewash the ceiling
- Secrets of removing the old whitewash
- Removing traces of dirt from the ceiling
- The process of leveling the ceiling
- The better to whitewash the ceiling?
- How to whitewash a ceiling chalk
- The technology of lime wash
- Necessary precautions
Preparing to whitewash the ceiling
The most crucial and time-consuming phase of the work -surface preparation under the whitewash. This is done in order to then through the white color is not eclipsed fat stains, rust, etc., And whitewashing turned uniform.
Preparation of the surface to the ceiling whitewashing consists of three stages:
- Remove old whitewash;
- removing traces of dirt from the ceiling;
- ceiling alignment.
Secrets of removing the old whitewash
At this stage of repair the old paint is removed with a sponge and a soap solution, paste or a wide spatula.
It should be noted that the complexity or simplicity of this work depends on what the ceiling was painted previously.
Mortar is removed is quite difficult, and the Cretaceous - easily.
And to determine what was painted ceiling,your finger is enough for him - chalk leave a white trail. The more thoroughly washed to whitewash from the ceiling, the greater the adhesion (adhesion) to the new base pobelochnogo composition will not form bubbles.
Removing traces of dirt from the ceiling
After cleaning the old paint should be carefullyinspect the surface of the ceiling, whether there are contaminants such as mold, grease, rust. All sorts of stains and rust washed off with warm water, then clean the place is applied a 10% solution of copper sulfate.
Sooty ceiling should be wiped3-percent solution of hydrochloric acid. We must not forget at the same time to protect themselves, as well as furniture and other items from these solutions. Persistently stood out from the ceiling drips paint over gruel of lime and synthetic varnish (20: 1). Drip must be processed three times - up to their complete disappearance. To neutralize the spots may also be used water glass solution (1 part of the glass, 2 parts of water).
Grease stains are removed with a clean cloth moistened with a solution of soda ash. Then, the place from which the stain was removed, washed well with water.
The process of leveling the ceiling
To properly whitewash the ceiling, it should becarefully aligned. Irregularities, crevices and cracks hydrate and fill the same solution how plaster was performed. Thus, damage to the lime plaster mortar will be overwritten. It consists of two parts of fine clean sand, one part water and lime slurry. First lime is diluted with water, then add sand and as much water to make a thick mass. If slaked lime is used, then it is first mixed with the sand, and then water was added.
To align the ceiling, you can useadhesive putty - it is easy to manufacture, easy to apply and well kept. It consists of chalk 1 part, 2 parts of gypsum, 2 pieces of wood glue. For adhesive grout to be mixed beforehand with water: 50 g of adhesive per 1 liter of water. Impose putty by hand, using a spatula, spending their first across the cracks and crevices, and then along. Ends putty grout treated surface with pumice or fine sandpaper.
Note! Given that the process of preparing for whitewashing quite dirty, you need to make all the excess out of the room, and the furniture and the floor covered with plastic wrap.
After shpatlevanija ceiling should be primed.
This is done in order to become a smooth surface and formed thereon a thin film to which the paint will not be absorbed.
Important! Before whitewash the ceiling, primer should dry thoroughly.
The better to whitewash the ceiling?
Consider the two most common optionswhitewash ceilings. One of them - the chalk whitewash the ceiling, the second - the ceiling lime whitewash. Both of these options are environmentally friendly and hygienic. Lime also has bactericidal properties. In addition, it tightens and fixes the gap. But some people are allergic to lime. In this case, the ceiling is better to chalk whitewash. A distinctive feature of the Cretaceous in comparison with other materials used to cover the ceiling - is its deep white. Chalk is also very hygienic and ensure good sanitary conditions. The people spread out yet another concept - latex paint whitewash, but the process still does not apply to the whitewashed ceiling, and for painting.
Important to remember! If the ceiling had previously been whitewashed with lime mortar, that chalk whitewash is not suitable (blurry spots are formed on the ceiling).
How to whitewash a ceiling chalk
Preparation of the solution to chalk whitewash the ceiling
In 5 liters of warm water to dissolve 30 grams of woodglue, 3 kg of chalk, and 15-20 g of methylene blue. Blue is added to the solution to enhance the whiteness of the coating. This portion of the solution will be sufficient for 10-12 square meters. ceiling. The density of the solution is checked by lowering a knife into him. If whitewash dripping from the blade, too liquid solution, you need to add chalk to bring to the desired viscosity.
Like chalk whitewash the ceiling? Whitewash typically performed in two or three layers. Each subsequent layer pobelochnogo solution is applied only after the previous dry. If there is an atomizer, you can use the roller. The last layer is applied in the direction of "the window", and the previous - along the wall where the window is located.
Before the start of the main surface is greased brush whitewash the ceiling around the perimeter, so you do not touch the roller has finished wall.
The technology of lime wash
Prepare a solution of lime. In one liter of water is stirred 2-3 kg of quicklimelime, is added 100 g of pre-soaked or salt 200g Alum, diluted slightly if necessary or bluing dye 400-500g. The whole was stirred and warm water is added, the solution volume is brought to 10 l. Lime wash is best falls on the damp surface, so the ceiling areas are wetted during operation, and then covered with lime. For this purpose, wide paint brushes (hard), roller or spray.
How to whitewash a ceiling? To whitewash brush need some experience, so in the absence thereof, to obtain a perfect surface is better to use a roller. The solution was thoroughly mixed before application, or will whitewash uneven. When whitewashing brush first layer is applied in the direction of sunlight, and the next - on the contrary. It will not be visible traces of the brush, and the ceiling will look neat. Brush before whitewashing should be soaked in warm water.
Important! In the process, the painted surface should be protected from direct sunlight, drafts, you should not hold or accelerate drying by using heaters. During the entire cycle of works must be maintained even temperature.
In preparing the ceiling surface,pobelochnogo solution preparation and conduct of whitewash need to take precautions. To protect against small particles of chalk and lime, you must use a respirator or dust mask. In the hands should wear rubber gloves, eye - protective glasses.
After whitewashing the ceiling has small pores thatallow it to "breathe", absorb water vapor. Subsequently, they evaporate and leave through these same pores. Whitewashing also has disinfectant properties. After drying, the solid forms whitening film resistant to abrasion. With the proper preparation of the composition and subject to the application of technology, whitewashing the ceiling is maintained in perfect condition for 4-5 years.
While whitewashing the ceiling with his hands the processrather laborious, it is easy to digest. But you will be able to update and refresh the room on their own at minimal cost, it is important to not only have the desire to learn this.