How to make an apartment from the developer
After a long wait for most customersreceiving the keys to the apartment in a newly built house seems to be a formality. At this point you do not want to think about the obvious and hidden defects newcomer not cheap housing, the removal of which could lead to additional costs. Knowing how to take an apartment in the building, you are guaranteed to get the ownership of high-quality housing, and in cases of dispute can legally collect from unscrupulous developers full compensation for material and moral damage costs.
- Reception procedure which must be followed
- Nuances Acceptance apartment, depending on the choices of finish
- Features reception and apartments with a rough finish Predchistovaya
- Status of the ceiling, walls and floor
- Quality Joinery
- Engineering systems
- How to take an apartment decorated with "turnkey"
- How to protect your rights if a serious marriage is revealed at the apartment reception
Reception procedure which must be followed
Months-long history of the relationship builderand the buyer of housing act ends with the signing by both parties receive apartments - an important document required for the registration of the object in the property. By this time in the house all the construction work to be completed, it must have a permanent address, and accepted by the state commission in operation.
Timing of delivery of houses stipulated at the conclusion ofparties to the contract and in case of violations of the law provides for the buyer of apartments eligible for the penalty, the amount of which is calculated in accordance with the established by the Central Bank refinancing rate. Delay deadlines homes longer statutory 6 months, may be indicative of serious construction flaws or financial problems of the builder.
After checking the relevant documentation andmaking sure that the house is put into operation, the apartment purchaser should carefully examine her and, pointing to the inspection sheet of all the detected defects, to sign the act of reception and transmission object. This document specifies strict deadlines to eliminate identified marriage.
Note buyer-interest holders.
In accordance with the law of equity holders in its sole discretion shall have the right not to sign the act of acceptance and transfer of property, if it does not meet the required quality.
If the act was signed, but the developer is not in lifeeliminated the marriage, the apartment can be taken, amounting to an additional annex to the previously signed the act of acceptance of property defects and list in detail - what it is.
Both cases fall under the recovery of material and moral damages in court.
Nuances Acceptance apartment, depending on the choices of finish
Depending on the price range of homes and the solvency of the buyers of a particular region of the primary real estate market offers apartments of three finishes:
- rough finish - it is a minimum, which allowsstructure called home: the front door, double glazing on the windows, sometimes interior walls, wiring, heating, water supply and sewage, electricity supply to the switchboard, water meters and electricity;
- Predchistovaya finish - Apartment ready forfinishing finishing: that is, made finishing screed on the floor, plastered and covered with ground coat walls, equipped with heating systems, water supply and sewerage, electricity supply, the connection point of lighting fixtures, outlets and switches, there is a front door, glazed windows;
- fine finish "turnkey": the buyer can bring furniture and populated.
Features reception and apartments with a rough finish Predchistovaya
Customers are demanding and accommodation withrough finish interests them less, it lacks finish and before the signing of the act of transfer and acceptance is sufficient to ensure that the basic equipment complies prescribed in the contract. While taking a new apartment with Predchistovaya finish should only be making sure that in the absence of serious shortcomings are minor defects within the permissible limits prescribed SNIP 3.04.01-87
Status of the ceiling, walls and floor
For improved quality of plaster such deviations are permissible:
- vertical - 2 mm unevenness is 1 m to 10 mm or the entire height of the walls are screened using plumb or slats 2 m;
- Surface smooth contours allowed no more than 2 of irregularities in the area of 4 square meters to 3 mm in depth or height;
- on the surface of walls and ceilings are not permitted shell efflorescence, cracking, flaking plaster, grout tool traces of movement.
For wall and ceiling coverings made of dry plaster allowed deviation:
- from vertical - 1 mm per 1 m to 5 mm, or adjustment to the ceiling;
- surface smooth contours - not more than two roughness depth of up to 2 mm in the area of 4 square meters;
- for slopes, columns, pilasters, the husks of error vertically or horizontally may not exceed 1 mm per meter length or height;
- Drywall sheets at joints permissible sag of 1 mm or cracks are allowed.
Depending on the future of the finish flooring for concrete ties can have the following variations:
- under the linoleum or laminate permissible roughness height or depth of no more than 2mm;
- for ceramic tiles deepening ties or elevation - to 6 mm;
- gender bias horizontally say no more than 2% but not more than 50 mm, regardless of floor space;
- at the junction of walls and a monolithic concrete floor screed must be laid band sound-proofing material.
For ceilings made of reinforced concrete allowed such deviations from the plane:
- to 7.5 mm and a length of 1 m to 14.5 mm over a length of 3 m;
- the thickness of the projections on the surface and allowed to sag to 2 mm in diameter and 10 mm.
The quality of adhesion to concrete or plastermasonry walls and screed on the floor base is checked by tapping: dull sound indicates hidden delaminations, and can serve as a basis for the introduction of a defect in the inspection report the act of reception and transmission object.
Qualitative installation of windows suggests that:
- Special waterproof tape must be secured in the ground junction of the window frame to the outer wall of a house on top of the foam layer;
- All frames and balcony doors are easily opened without effort, but when you close the flap seal tightly to the frames;
- on the glass, frames, windowsills no defects: uneven surface, scratches, cracks, etc .;.
- all windows and doors are equipped with external glazing quality fittings;
- All window sills one room set on one level, and do not hinder the free heat transfer from the radiator.
The heating system should be equipped with temperature controls and air bleed screw to bleed. When installing radiators following dimensions must be observed
- the distance from the floor - not less than 60 mm;
- the distance from the sill - 50 mm;
- away from the wall - not less than 25 mm.
If the project includes distributing heating and electricity in the screed, ask the builder laying communications scheme, which will need when performing finishing work.
Seen from the bathrooms need to check whether laid waterproofing, as well as the quality of the installation of sewer drainage, pipes of hot and cold water.
How to take an apartment decorated with "turnkey"
Apartment with a fine finish "turnkey" normally dealt in expensive new buildings priced "luxury" and questions of how to make such a plan apartment, almost does not occur.
When a contract for decoration and designInterior design of the project are discussed in detail all the details: finishing materials, colors, technical equipment. On the eve of the signing of the act of receiving property buyer should check whether all conditions of the agreement are fulfilled and whether the quality of the work by the same rules SNIP.
Particular attention should be paid to the quality of stackingparquet if the coating covering the terms of the contract, and surfaces coated with ceramic tiles. When checking the two-meter rack ceramic coatings permitted deviation:
- by plane - 4 mm;
- ledges between adjacent tiles - up to 1 mm.
The width of the tile joints must be equalacross the surface, not exceed 3.5 mm and treated with the appropriate color quality grout. Adhesion strength with floor tiles or wall base is checked and tapping sound tone over the entire surface to be the same.
How to protect your rights if a serious marriage is revealed at the apartment reception
Although the law reserves the right not to share participantto sign the act of reception and transmission of low-quality apartments, the majority of buyers signed this document in the hope to solve the problem yourself. On the one hand, for many months building a house, house prices are rising and the amount of compensation may not be enough to buy another apartment. On the other hand, people are afraid that a careless developer fails to eliminate the marriage quality or deliberately will not rush to repair during the warranty period.
Note buyer-interest holders.
In the apartment are subject to the "About the Lawequity participation in the construction of ... "is given a 5-year warranty, including extending and interior finishing work. In the contract the equity sure the item is prescribed. At home, do not fall within the scope of this new law, the warranty period is rarely more than 2 years, but developers often and try not to prescribe in contracts. Be careful when signing a contract.
Thus, finding defects, describe in detail theirin sheet inspection and leaving a copy, please send document builder mail with confirmation. Within 45 days he must eliminate the marriage at their own expense or reimburse the cost of repairs if you did it yourself. If the buyer refuses the apartment, and the developer takes this refusal, he must within 45 days to return the money in full.
If the hidden marriage is found in the buildingthe operation of the apartment, when an act of acceptance is signed for a long time, too, do not despair. Please refer to the developer with an application for the identified shortcomings and for the duration of the warranty period, it is obliged to eliminate them, or to compensate for the costs of the removal of their own marriage. When inactive, please contact the developer to court immediately.
Choosing a developer, try to communicate with the tenants have already built their houses and then no problems darken you happy housewarming.