How to install the air conditioner in the apartment - an example of a split system installation

How to install the air conditioner in the apartment

Buying air conditioner, a perfect day for the sake ofcreate and maintain comfortable indoor conditions, can become absolutely useless ... After all, if in choosing systems, air conditioning, most of us are inclined to listen to the opinion of qualified experts (do not buy "at random", and balanced, taking into account the volume of the room, wall material, number of doors and windows openings wanted the available information about the selected brand products), then the assistance of a qualified installation teams many refuse, preferring to install air conditioning in the apartment on their own. But the prospect of "ditch" artisanal installing expensive equipment much more real than the probability of faultless operation of high-quality equipment installed clumsy hands. Comparative analysis of household air conditioners and identify the main features of each type - a topic for another article. Today we consider the features of a split system installation - the most popular varieties of air conditioners designed to maintain a comfortable microclimate in the apartment.


  • The principle of split-system
  • Preparatory stage
  • Features and outdoor unit installation rules
  • Everything about the installation of the indoor unit

The principle of split-system

Split-system consists of interconnectedcopper pipes and wiring external and internal units. To avoid heat losses connecting tubes must be in thermal insulation. Each block is a heat exchanger, a closed system is absolutely tight, it is filled with refrigerant (mostly Freon). a compressor installed in the outdoor unit compresses the Freon, translating into a liquid state. In this outdoor heat exchanger (condenser) is heated, giving heat to the air outside.

Air conditioning system

Air Conditioning System, consisting of indoor and outdoor units

For efficient cooling in the outdoor unita fan. Chilled liquid fraction flows through the copper pipe to the indoor unit (evaporator), which provided a constructive transformation of the liquid into a gaseous fraction. Go refrigerant from a liquid to gaseous state (evaporation) is accompanied by a strong cooling in the indoor unit. Air taken from the room, the fan is run through a heat exchanger, is cooled and returned. This process is accompanied by the formation of condensate, which is given out by a special plastic drainage, ideally connected to the sewer, in practice it is often simply extracted outside.

Preparatory stage

Installation of air conditioners in the apartment begins withselect the location of the internal and external units. It is necessary to arrange the units so that they can function effectively not interfere with others, to be accessible for maintenance and are located as close as possible to each other.

Features and outdoor unit installation rules

Air conditioning is best installed duringrepair. In the first stage of installation (during roughing operations) You can install the outdoor unit, proshtrobit walls and lay them in the communication from the outdoor unit to the place of the future installation of the indoor unit, as well as carry out the wiring. Air conditioning consumes a lot of electricity to protect the basic electrical circuit overload, require a single line of wiring and circuit breaker.

Install the outdoor unit on the wall of the building

Install the outdoor unit on the wall of the building must be carried out very carefully and using tethers

Choosing the mounting location of the outdoor unitair conditioning, and consider the need for periodic maintenance. The air conditioner must be reliably protected against ingress of water during rain and snow melt. To protect the outdoor unit can be installed visor. The bracket for fixing the air conditioner must match the required load. If possible, it is highly desirable to choose the shortest distance between the outer and inner blocks. Connecting and assembling such a system would be less costly, in addition, the operation is less energy loss. High-altitude work must be performed only by qualified personnel using special equipment.

Everything about the installation of the indoor unit

The next stage of the installation is made aftercompletion of all draft works, it includes indoor unit installation, connection to the outside by means of tubes, filling Freon system, connect the power supply and commissioning.

Decorative box for communication

If the air conditioner is installed after the repair, the cutting cutting grooves is inappropriate, communication in such a case it is necessary to hide in a decorative box

Choosing the place of the indoor unit locationsplit system, guided by the need to ensure the smooth circulation of air (do not install wall mounted at a distance of less than 10 cm from the ceiling, as well as on a high cabinet furniture). Observe the direction of flow of cooled air: flow should not be directed to a place of frequent stay of people (a bed, a workplace, a dining table). The place chosen for the installation of the indoor unit should be capable of easy laying of cables and pipelines. Remember to periodically service, it is imperative that the unit has been placed in a free access area.

Case in which you can do without the box - all located in the wall

Communications are routed in the wall to place the indoor unit fixing in advance during repairs

Most often, a company that sells air conditionersThey offer a range of services: undertake to put air conditioning in the apartment and carry out maintenance. It is much better to take advantage of this offer, you buy the unit and only then look for a qualified team. In the first case, you save money on the installation and in case of breakage conditioner can count on warranty repairs. In the second case, the age-old question "Who is to blame?" Remains unanswered: the firm that sold you the air conditioner can not be responsible for the possible consequences of "poor-quality installation," and producing installation experts can not guarantee the quality of work "was originally defective unit."

As you can see, installation of air conditioning systemsIt is quite complex and requires highly specialized expensive equipment. Also important tools necessary knowledge and skills, because the air conditioning installation - is not only reliable fastening components, but also the correct connection of connecting piping, wiring, and skillful adjustment system. Efficient operation of the device depends on many factors, in particular, it is important to calculate the capacity of the device, and the right to choose where to install the air conditioner in the apartment.

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