Homemade Air Purifier - a portable battery-powered version

Homemade Air Purifier

Indoor air can not be perfectly clean. Suspension of harmful dusty and can release toxins, even "harmless" furnishings. Negative list complement animal hair, the smell of failed dishes, smoke from soldering work ... The list can be replenished indefinitely, especially if given with poor ventilation points handles. Means of struggle there - purification or filtration of the air mass, for that does not need to purchase an expensive factory unit. Make an air purifier can be their own hands, thus saving a considerable amount to cover the immediate needs of the family budget.


  • Types and methods of treatment
  • Homemade Air Purifier
    • The process of making homemade
    • How to make a cleaner with humidifier

Types and methods of treatment

Reinventing the wheel is not necessary. All possible ways to remove contaminants thoroughly investigated by manufacturers of household cleaning devices. After examining their operating principle can be useful to build a personal home-made.

Cleaner air with your hands can be made on the standard used by the principles of industry

The principle of air purification is to capture harmful components, industrial devices may also ionize air mass composition

Purification of the air mass in the room is performed:

  • Simple mechanical filtration. Action is to arrest the large airborne particles, animal hair. For their capture channel ventilation is equipped with a fine metal mesh.
The operating principle of the air cleaner

To carry out mechanical cleaning of the air sucked into the fan unit, after filtration and saturation with moisture and ions useful in the back room

  • Electrostatic cleaning. It operates at the expense of attraction of particles with different charges. Positively charged dust captured by the negatively charged plate of the unit. Electrostatic filter collects soot and fine dust, but does not capture organic pollutants and toxins.
  • Water "wash" the air. It operates at the expense of attraction of negatively charged water flying in the air of harmful molecules with a positive charge.
  • The absorbent cleaning. Its principle of operation is based on the ability of substances such as coal, soda, essential oils, a number of herbs and spices, to absorb harmful toxic molecules pores. Adsorption reduce the content of substances with a negative "fragrance" molecules of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and other harmful impurities in the air.

Let's not get carried away describing cleaning methods,to get rid of microbes, the smallest distributors infections and microparticles. Such methods of air filtration is needed in the laboratories of research institutions in surgical operating rooms. Consider an option that will certainly find use in everyday life.

Homemade Air Purifier

For the production of a simple carbon filter to clean the device will need to stock up on:

  • miniature fan, operating at a voltage of 12 V;
  • Crohn's and battery terminals for her;
  • a box of plastic, the size of which will set the fan inside it;
  • charcoal filter.
How to make an air purifier with their hands

Master will need to buy the battery type "Crone" 12 The fan, the coal filtration plate, and a plastic container for housing

The process of making homemade

The box will serve as a body. Fan is necessary for the circulation of cleaned air mass, the battery required to power the cooler. So, on the body need to make holes for connecting the battery and to ensure the free flow of air to the coal filter, which will stimulate the flow of the fan.

  • The marker on the plastic box mark up the line of future cuts for admission and discharge of purified air at the top and bottom to connect the feeder element in the center of the bottom edge.
Making cleaner air with his hands

On the bottom of a plastic box should be opening for attachment of the feeder element

  • Carefully saw through the hole on the planned lines.
Cleaner air with his hands: do body of plastic boxes

The holes in the plastic box is possible to saw or jigsaw with a sharp knife

  • The battery will be connected to the fan via a terminal. Improve contact reliability is better to solder.
  • Klemm to the fan should be glued, and then test the functionality to create a "node".
  • After receiving confirmation of correctly configured to connect all the elements set in the casing-box.
Homemade device for cleaning the air is almost ready

All components of the future devices combine - a homemade device for cleaning the air is almost ready

  • In accordance with the dimensions of the box cut out a carbon filter. It needs to be put on top of the fan.
Charcoal filters for air purification

It remains only to cut filter and set it on top of the fan

Here and ready self-made air cleaner, the assembly of which lasted a minimum of time, it was not spent much money and effort.

How to make a cleaner with humidifier

The principle is similar to the structures. Only need a bulk container in which the hole will need to be done only under a fan and a power supply. Propylene is necessary also bolt holes with which to fix the fan in the area of ​​the upper surface of a homemade device. The lower part of the cleaner will be filled with water.

Instead of batteries, you can use a 12-voltpower adapter that lets you connect the device to the fixed network. If the water in the cleaning tool to enrich the sea salt, the air in the room will also be ionized, sated useful molecules.

Driving and operation of the plant device purification and humidification

Driving and operation of the plant device purification and humidification: supply of water in the sump must be regularly replenished, ionization require special additives

Focusing on already implemented into productiontechnical developments, it is possible to make any device himself. Super complex in makeshift devices for cleaning air is nothing. Everything is based on the proper application of the laws of physics, in the diligence, hard work and the ability to use tools.

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